Puerto Rico - Bankruptcy: Personal - Total

Puerto Rico: Bankruptcy: Personal - Total

Mnemonic BKP.PR
Unit # 3-mo. EOP, SAAR
Adjustments Seasonally Adjusted at Annual Rate
Quarterly 9.69 %
Data 2017 Q1 9,840
2016 Q4 8,970

Series Information

Source U.S. District Courts
Release Bankruptcies by U.S. and State
Frequency Quarterly
Start Date 3/31/1987
End Date 3/31/2017

Release Information

Bankruptcy filings with the U.S. District Courts, by chapter (personal and business), by number and dollar volume, on three time bases: per month, per quarter, and per 12-month rolling period.  Geographic granularity varies by frequency but includes the nation, states, metro areas and counties.

Counting Periods

The time series count the number of bankruptcy filings during a given period: A month, a quarter ("three month ending"), or a 12-month rolling period (quarterly). For instance, the 2008Q2 value for "12 month ending" would be the sum of filings during the previous rolling year: the four periods 2007Q3, 2007Q4, 2008Q1, and 2008Q2.

Counting periods vary by geographic level. Monthly data is available for the U.S. and some states; the MSA- and county-level data are 12-month ending. All high frequency series are reported quarterly.

The corresponding Moody's Analytics forecast is structured with two periods: (a) 12-month rolling periods and (b) three-month periods SAAR (seasonally adjusted, annualized rate).  The annualized rate makes them comparable to the 12-month data.  The majority of Moody's Analytics forecasts are quarterly.

Data Collection

The personal bankruptcy data are compiled by the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts from the reports of the various circuits of the U.S. Bankruptcy Courts.  (Bankruptcy petitions must be filed in federal, not state, courts.)

Beginning in 1980, personal bankruptcies have been collected on a household basis; before 1980 they were calculated on a population basis. Thus, a husband and wife filing for bankruptcy before 1980 were counted as two bankruptcy filings; since 1980 they have been counted as one filing.

Filings by Type

In its current form, the U.S. bankruptcy code contains five "operative" chapters under which a bankruptcy petition may be filed.

  • Chapter 7
    • Sets forth the provisions relating to liquidation of a debtor's assets. A trustee is appointed to collect and liquidate the assets and distribute the proceeds to creditors in accordance with set priorities.
  • Chapter 9
    • A reorganization of debts (like a Chapter 11) but is exclusively available to municipalities and public agencies.
  • Chapter 11
    • Added in 1986, this is the newest operative section of the bankruptcy code. Describes reorganization chapter where a debtor seeks to rehabilitate and reorganize its financial structure. Is normally used by businesses but can be filed by an individual debtor.
  • Chapter 12
    • Developed for family farmers exclusively. Seeks to reorganize and rehabilitate the financial structure of the debtor. Normally it allows a debtor to propose a plan to pay creditors.
  • Chapter 13
    • Known as the wage earners' chapter. It allows a debtor with disposable income to propose a plan to pay the creditors in full or in part. The plan is three or five years and percentage of payback ranges from 0% to 100%. Cannot be filed if a debtor has unsecured debts of more than $100,000, or secured debts more than $350,000.

Definition Changes and Effect on Data

On April 20, 2005, the President signed the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005 (Pub. L. No. 109-08, 119 Stat. 23.) The Act made significant changes to the Bankruptcy Code and affected nearly every aspect of bankruptcy cases. The Act generally took effect on October 17, 2005.

Accordingly, the new law affected data starting with the 2005Q4 period. The blip at that time can be explained by a higher than usual number of filings before the law went into effect.

Please note that as there are no reported revisions, however as this data is reported in monthly, quarterly and 12 month trailing quaterly series revisions will be captured in the these series. This prevents perfect aditivity between monthly and 12 month trailing series, because while both series are as reported one contains no revisions and one contains the available revisions over the previous 12 months.