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Estimates Revision: Cross-country - GDP - Re-referenced to 2012
Tuesday, 19 Feb 2019 10:29 ET
By Daniel Luckenbach
February 2019 -- For our global estimates of gross domestic product in constant-price U.S. dollars, we have advanced the currency reference year from 2009 to 2012 (214 quarterly series revised from 1947).

Motivation: Consistency with the 2018 NIPA comprehensive update and with other USD-valued Moody's Analytics estimates (pending).

Response: We have advanced the currency reference year from 2009 to 2012.


  • Measurement: Billions of constant year-2012 dollars (Bil. 2012 USD)
  • Adjustment: Seasonally adjusted at annualized rate (SAAR)
  • Periodicity: Quarterly
  • Start date: Varies by country, as early as 1947
  • Geo coverage:
    • 205 individual countries
    • "Developed Economies" per UN definitions
    • "Developing Economies" defined as remainder
    • Five regional composites per UN definitions
    • Global total

The series reside in the historical catalog (Cross-Country Datasets » National Accounts » Gross Domestic Product) and include, for example:

  • RWGDPUSD$AQ.IWRLD = Gross domestic product, (Bil. 2012 USD) - for World
  • RWGDPUSD$AQ.IDEVC = for Developing Economies
  • RWGDPUSD$AQ.IAMRI = for Americas
  • RWGDPUSD$AQ.IAND  = for Andorra

Because catalog locations are subject to change, the upper-right search box on DataBuffet.com provides a "find in catalog" mode that accepts a mnemonic.

Related ReleaseGross Domestic Product
SourceMoody's Analytics (ECCA)
Release DateReference date
19 Mar 20203Q 2019