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TitleUsing Data Buffet: FIPS codes for geographies
AuthorPhillip Thorne
Question

Can I identify geographic areas using the official "FIPS code" instead of Data Buffet's own geo codes?

Answer

What is a FIPS code?

FIPS stands for "Federal Information Processing Standard," each of which is an official U.S. publication devoted to a specific topic of data interchange. Several of these publications established numeric identification codes for geographic areas within the United States, although authority has since passed elsewhere and the publications have been "withdrawn." The term "FIPS code" came to informally describe these identifiers, and in certain parts of Data Buffet, the meaning has been stretched to include non-U.S. areas.

How do FIPS codes and Data Buffet geo codes relate?

The FIPS codes for counties and metro areas are numeric, but Moody's Analytics defines our own alphanumeric geo codes to be more easily memorable. For example, the "Abilene, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area (2000)" is officially designated 10180, but we call it "MABI" -- the "" prefix is common to all codes for MSAs, and "·ABI" derives from the place-name.

One of Data Buffet's subsystems is a geographic database that correlates, for each area, its name, FIPS code, and our geo code. This database includes both U.S. and international areas.

Display the FIPS code in basket output:

In the basket editor, go to Options » Fields » Geography Values. You can choose to display any or all of the following:

Control label Basket field What it provides
Full Description Geography Formal title of area (English translation)
FIPS Code FIP Official alphanumeric identifier
Moody's Analytics Code GeoCode Data Buffet alphanumeric geography code

Search by FIPS code:

In Mnemonic 411's Search panel, the Geography field has three associated radio buttons: "MEDC," "Title," and FIPS." Using them, you can choose to specify an area by geo code, name, or FIPS identifier. If you've already entered one code, switching will translate it. For example:

PA003 = "Allegheny County (PA)" = 42003

Please note that mnemonics always use Data Buffet geo codes. You can't append a FIPS code to one of our concept codes; if you try, you will elicit a "series not found" error.

Internationally:

Other countries likewise define official identifiers for their areas (within a "statistical geographic classification"), and we store these just as with the U.S. Although they are not literally "FIPS" codes, Data Buffet uses the same mechanisms and they will appear with the same basket headers as described above.