United States - Gross External Debt

United States: Gross External Debt

Unit Mil. USD, NSA
Adjustments Not Seasonally Adjusted
Quarterly 3.24 %
Data 2021 Q4 7,883,825
2021 Q3 7,636,464

Series Information

Source U.S. Department of the Treasury
Release Treasury International Capital - Gross External Debt Position
Frequency Quarterly
Start Date 9/30/2014
End Date 12/31/2021

United States: Government

Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Government Budget Balance Apr 2022 308,215 -192,634 Mil. USD, NSA Monthly
Government Expenditures Apr 2022 555,434 507,806 Mil. USD, NSA Monthly
Government Revenues Apr 2022 863,649 315,172 Mil. USD, NSA Monthly
Outstanding Public Debt Apr 2022 30,374,155 30,400,959 Mil. USD Monthly
Gross External Debt 2021 Q4 7,883,825 7,636,464 Mil. USD, NSA Quarterly

Release Information

Gross external debt is the overall magnitude of U.S. indebtedness to foreigners. The gross external debt position divides that debt among five institutional sectors (government, monetary authorities, banks, other, and direct investment). These figures are reported quarterly as part of the Treasury International Capital system.


  • Framework: IMF BPM6
  • Measurement: Millions of U.S. dollars (Mil. USD)
  • Adjustment: Not seasonally adjusted (NSA)
  • Native frequency: Quarterly
  • Start date: Uniformly 2014Q3


  • BPM5 - 2003 to 2014

The source switched from BPM5 to BPM6 as of 2014Q3.

Some line items are reported as either zero or blank in different periods.

Periodicity and timeliness

The position data are reported as of the end of each quarter, beginning with June 30, 2003 (Q2 2003), and are published on the last business day of the following quarter (a one-quarter lag).

Revised data for the previous June, September and December are normally released on the last business day of June. Revisions include the results of the Survey of Foreign Holdings of U.S. Securities at the end of the previous June.

Using in Data Buffet

Line items that are reported exclusively as "blank" (as distinct from zero) do not have Data Buffet time series.  Series that alternate between zero and blank may appear to lag, i.e., if the latest period(s) are reported as blank, they are stored in Data Buffet as "ND", and the "last value" attribute in Mnemonic 411 will reflect the final numeric (zero) period.

Numbered footnotes

All debt are presented at face value. Exception: long-term debt securities in memoradum section are valued at market value, as recommended.
It is recommended that all currency and depositsbe included in the short-term category unless detailed information is available to make the short-term/long-term attribution.
Other debt liabilities comprise insurance, pension, and standardized guarantee schemes, and other accounts payable. It is recommended that insurance, pension, and standardized guaranteed schemes be classified as long term.
Arrears are recorded in the original debt instrument.
In line with BPM6, SDR allocations should be reported as long-term external debt liabilities.

Further reading