Fiji - Economic Indicators

Economic Overview

Fiji, endowed with forest, mineral, and fish resources, is one of the most developed and connected of the Pacific island economies. Earnings from the tourism industry, with an estimated 792,300 tourists visiting in 2016, and remittances from Fijian’s working abroad are the country’s largest foreign exchange earners. Fiji's sugar sector remains a significant industry and a major export, but crops and one of the sugar mills suffered damage during Cyclone Winston in 2016. The sector also faces the complete withdrawal of European Union preferential prices in 2017....

Continue reading View Factbook for Fiji

GDP Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Nominal Gross Domestic Product 2016 9,784,500,000 9,150,300,000 FJD Annual
Private Consumption 2016 6,027,251,539 5,608,834,586 FJD Annual
Investment 2016 1,956,900,000 1,499,630,629 FJD Annual
Real Gross Domestic Product 2014 114.86 109.08 Index 2005=100 Annual
Government Consumption 2014 1,735 1,461 Mil. FJD Annual
Price Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Consumer Price Index (CPI) May 2018 130.88 130.24 2010=100, NSA Monthly
Labor Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Agriculture Employment 2017 148,751 146,808 # Annual
Unemployment Rate 2003 7.3 7.6 % Annual
Unemployment 2000 41.7 25.1 Ths. Annual
Trade Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Imports of Goods 2017 Q4 587,178,483 543,397,714 USD, NSA Quarterly
Current Account Balance 2017 Q4 -177,193,465 7,408,286 USD, NSA Quarterly
Exports of Goods 2017 Q4 238,557,827 313,995,863 USD, NSA Quarterly
Balance of Goods 2017 Q4 -348,620,656 -229,401,851 USD, NSA Quarterly
Exports of Goods and Services 2016 4,259,655,000 4,495,900,000 FJD Annual
Imports of Goods and Services 2016 4,837,655,000 4,760,800,000 FJD Annual
Markets Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Treasury Bills (over 31 days) Apr 2018 1.35 1.35 % p.a., NSA Monthly
Lending Rate Jun 2017 0.5 0.5 % - End of period Monthly
Average Long-term Government Bond Dec 2016 6.45 6.39 % Monthly
Money Market Rate Jul 2010 1 % p.a., NSA Monthly
Business Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Industrial Production Sep 1991 152.08 2005=100, NSA Monthly
Demographics Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Population 2017 905,502 898,760 # Annual
Birth Rate 2016 19.39 19.74 # per Ths. pop. Annual
Death Rate 2016 7.09 6.99 # per Ths. pop. Annual
Net Migration 2012 -28,720 # Annual

Factbook

Background

Background:
Fiji became independent in 1970 after nearly a century as a British colony. Democratic rule was interrupted by two military coups in 1987 caused by concern over a government perceived as dominated by the Indian community (descendants of contract laborers brought to the islands by the British in the 19th century). The coups and a 1990 constitution that cemented native Melanesian control of Fiji led to heavy Indian emigration; the population loss resulted in economic difficulties, but ensured that Melanesians became the majority. A new constitution enacted in 1997 was more equitable. Free and peaceful elections in 1999 resulted in a government led by an Indo-Fijian, but a civilian-led coup in 2000 ushered in a prolonged period of political turmoil. Parliamentary elections held in 2001 provided Fiji with a democratically elected government led by Prime Minister Laisenia QARASE. Reelected in May 2006, QARASE was ousted in a December 2006 military coup led by Commodore Voreqe BAINIMARAMA, who initially appointed himself acting president but in January 2007 became interim prime minister. Following years of political turmoil, long-delayed legislative elections were held in September 2014 that were deemed "credible" by international observers and that resulted in BAINIMARAMA being reelected.

Geography

Location:
Oceania, island group in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
Geographic coordinates:
18 00 S, 175 00 E
Map references:
Oceania
Area:
total: 18,274 sq km
land: 18,274 sq km
water: 0 sq km
country comparison to the world: 157
Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than New Jersey
Land boundaries:
0 km
Coastline:
1,129 km
Maritime claims:
measured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Climate:
tropical marine; only slight seasonal temperature variation
Terrain:
mostly mountains of volcanic origin
Elevation:
mean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Tomanivi 1,324 m
Natural resources:
timber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential, hydropower
Land use:
agricultural land: 23.3%
arable land 9%; permanent crops 4.7%; permanent pasture 9.6%
forest: 55.7%
other: 21% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land:
40 sq km (2012)
Population - distribution:
approximately 70% of the population lives on the island of Viti Levu; roughly half of the population lives in urban areas
Natural hazards:
cyclonic storms can occur from November to January
Environment - current issues:
the widespread practice of waste incineration is a major contributor to air pollution in the country, as are vehicle emissions in urban areas; deforestation and soil erosion are significant problems; a contributory factor to erosion is clearing of land by bush burning, a widespread practie that threatens biodiversity
Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note:
includes 332 islands; approximately 110 are inhabited

People & Society

Population:
920,938 (July 2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 161
Nationality:
noun: Fijian(s)
adjective: Fijian
Ethnic groups:
iTaukei 56.8% (predominantly Melanesian with a Polynesian admixture), Indian 37.5%, Rotuman 1.2%, other 4.5% (European, part European, other Pacific Islanders, Chinese)
note: a 2010 law replaces 'Fijian' with 'iTuakei' when referring to the original and native settlers of Fiji (2007 est.)
Languages:
English (official), Fijian (official), Hindustani
Religions:
Protestant 45% (Methodist 34.6%, Assembly of God 5.7%, Seventh Day Adventist 3.9%, and Anglican 0.8%), Hindu 27.9%, other Christian 10.4%, Roman Catholic 9.1%, Muslim 6.3%, Sikh 0.3%, other 0.3%, none 0.8% (2007 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 27.7% (male 130,394/female 124,734)
15-24 years: 16.13% (male 75,803/female 72,774)
25-54 years: 41.08% (male 193,700/female 184,629)
55-64 years: 8.53% (male 39,853/female 38,748)
65 years and over: 6.55% (male 27,714/female 32,589) (2017 est.)
population pyramid:
Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 52.8
youth dependency ratio: 43.9
elderly dependency ratio: 8.9
potential support ratio: 11.2 (2015 est.)
Median age:
total: 28.9 years
male: 28.7 years
female: 29.1 years (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 126
Population growth rate:
0.6% (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 148
Birth rate:
18.6 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 91
Death rate:
6.1 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 159
Net migration rate:
-6.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 200
Population distribution:
approximately 70% of the population lives on the island of Viti Levu; roughly half of the population lives in urban areas
Urbanization:
urban population: 54.5% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.18% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major urban areas - population:
SUVA (capital) 176,000 (2014)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
Maternal mortality ratio:
30 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 113
Infant mortality rate:
total: 9.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 10.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 143
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 73 years
male: 70.3 years
female: 75.8 years (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 140
Total fertility rate:
2.41 children born/woman (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 83
Health expenditures:
4.5% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 156
Physicians density:
0.84 physicians/1,000 population (2015)
Hospital bed density:
2.3 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Drinking water source:
improved:
urban: 99.5% of population
rural: 91.2% of population
total: 95.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.5% of population
rural: 8.8% of population
total: 4.3% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access:
improved:
urban: 93.4% of population
rural: 88.4% of population
total: 91.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 6.6% of population
rural: 11.6% of population
total: 8.9% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.1% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 102
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
<1000 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
<100 (2016 est.)
Major infectious diseases:
note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
30.2% (2016)
country comparison to the world: 24
Education expenditures:
3.9% of GDP (2013)
country comparison to the world: 102
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:
total: 18.7%
male: 14.8%
female: 25.4% (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 70

Government

Country name:
conventional long form: Republic of Fiji
conventional short form: Fiji
local long form: Republic of Fiji/Matanitu ko Viti
local short form: Fiji/Viti
etymology: the Fijians called their home Viti, but the neighboring Tongans called it Fisi, and in the Anglicized spelling of the Tongan pronunciation - promulgated by explorer Captain James COOK - the designation became Fiji
Government type:
parliamentary republic
Capital:
name: Suva (on Viti Levu)
geographic coordinates: 18 08 S, 178 25 E
time difference: UTC+12 (17 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins first Sunday in November; ends second Sunday in January
Administrative divisions:
14 provinces and 1 dependency*; Ba, Bua, Cakaudrove, Kadavu, Lau, Lomaiviti, Macuata, Nadroga and Navosa, Naitasiri, Namosi, Ra, Rewa, Rotuma*, Serua, Tailevu
Independence:
10 October 1970 (from the UK)
National holiday:
Fiji (Independence) Day, 10 October (1970)
Constitution:
several previous; latest signed into law September 2013 (2017)
Legal system:
common law system based on the English model
International law organization participation:
has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
Citizenship:
citizenship by birth: no
citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Fiji
dual citizenship recognized: yes
residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Suffrage:
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
chief of state: President Jioji Konousi KONROTE (since 12 November 2015)
head of government: Prime Minister Voreqe "Frank" BAINIMARAMA (since 22 September 2014)
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the prime minister from among members of Parliament and is responsible to Parliament
elections/appointments: president elected by Parliament for a 3-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 12 October 2015 (next to be held in 2018); prime minister appointed by the president
election results: Jioji Konousi KONROTE elected president; Parliament vote - Jioji Konousi KONROTE (Fiji First) 31, Ratu Epeli GANILAU (opposition) 14
Legislative branch:
description: unicameral Parliament (50 seats - 51 beginning in 2018; members directly elected in a nationwide, multi-seat constituency by open-list proportional representation vote to serve 4-year terms)
elections: last held on 17 September 2014 (next to be held in 2018)
election results: percent of vote by party - FijiFirst 59.2%, SODELPA 28.2%, NFP 5.5%, other 7.1%; seats by party - FijiFirst 32, SODELPA 15, NFP 3
Judicial branch:
highest court(s): Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice, all justices of the Court of Appeal, and judges appointed specifically as Supreme Court judges); Court of Appeal (consists of the court president, all puisne judges of the High Court, and judges specifically appointed to the Court of Appeal); High Court (chaired by the chief justice and includes a minimum of 10 puisne judges; High Court organized into civil, criminal, family, employment, and tax divisions)
judge selection and term of office: chief justice appointed by the president of Fiji on the advice of the prime minister following consultation with the parliamentary leader of the opposition; judges of the Supreme Court, the president of the Court of Appeal, the justices of the Court of Appeal, and puisne judges of the High Court appointed by the president of Fiji upon the nomination of the Judicial Service Commission after consulting with the cabinet minister and the committee of the House of Representatives responsible for the administration of justice; the chief justice, Supreme Court judges and justices of Appeal generally required to retire at age 70 but may be waived for one or more sessions of the court; puisne judges appointed for not less than 4 years nor more than 7 years with mandatory retirement at age 65
subordinate courts: Magistrates' Court (organized into civil, criminal, juvenile, and small claims divisions)
Political parties and leaders:
FijiFirst [Veroqe “Frank” BAINIMARAMA]
Fiji Labor Party or FLP [Mahendra CHAUDHRY]
Fiji United Freedon Party or FUFP [Jagath KARUNARATNE]
National Federation Party or NFP [Biman PRASAD] (primarily Indian)
Peoples Democratic Party or PDP [Lynda TABUYA]
Social Democratic Liberal Party or SODELPA [Sitiveni RABUKA]
Unity Fiji [Adi QORO]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Group Against Racial Discrimination or GARD [Dr. Anirudk SINGH] (suports restoration of a democratic government)
Viti Landowners Association
International organization participation:
ACP, ADB, AOSIS, C, CP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, OPCW, PCA, PIF, Sparteca (suspended), SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNDOF, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMISS, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Diplomatic representation in the US:
chief of mission: Ambassador Solo MARA (since 28 January 2016)
chancery: 2000 M Street NW, Suite 710, Washington, DC 20036
telephone: [1] (202) 466-8320
FAX: [1] (202) 466-8325
Diplomatic representation from the US:
chief of mission: Ambassador Judith CEFKIN (since 3 February 2015); note - also accredited to Kiribati, Nauru, Tonga, and Tuvalu
embassy: 158 Princes Rd, Tamavua
mailing address: P. O. Box 218, Suva
telephone: [679] 331-4466
FAX: [679] 330-8685
Flag description:
light blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Fijian shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the blue symbolizes the Pacific ocean and the Union Jack reflects the links with Great Britain; the shield - taken from Fiji's coat of arms - depicts a yellow lion, holding a coconut pod between its paws, above a white field quartered by the cross of Saint George; the four quarters depict stalks of sugarcane, a palm tree, a banana bunch, and a white dove of peace
National symbol(s):
Fijian canoe; national color: light blue
National anthem:
name: "God Bless Fiji"
lyrics/music: Michael Francis Alexander PRESCOTT/C. Austin MILES (adapted by Michael Francis Alexander PRESCOTT)
note: adopted 1970; known in Fijian as "Meda Dau Doka" (Let Us Show Pride); adapted from the hymn, "Dwelling in Beulah Land," the anthem's English lyrics are generally sung, although they differ in meaning from the official Fijian lyrics

Economy

Economy - overview:
Fiji, endowed with forest, mineral, and fish resources, is one of the most developed and connected of the Pacific island economies. Earnings from the tourism industry, with an estimated 792,300 tourists visiting in 2016, and remittances from Fijian’s working abroad are the country’s largest foreign exchange earners.
Fiji's sugar sector remains a significant industry and a major export, but crops and one of the sugar mills suffered damage during Cyclone Winston in 2016. The sector also faces the complete withdrawal of European Union preferential prices in 2017. Fiji’s trade imbalance continues to widen with increased imports and sluggish performance of domestic exports.
The return to parliamentary democracy and successful elections in September 2014 improved investor confidence, but increasing bureaucratic regulation, new taxes and lack of consultation with relevant stakeholders brought four consecutive years of decline for Fiji on the World Bank Ease of Doing Business index. Private sector investment in 2017 approached 20% of GDP, compared to 13% in 2013.
GDP (purchasing power parity):
$8.647 billion (2017 est.)
$8.33 billion (2016 est.)
$8.299 billion (2015 est.)
note: data are in 2017 dollars
country comparison to the world: 163
GDP (official exchange rate):
$5.054 billion (2017 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
3.8% (2017 est.)
0.4% (2016 est.)
3.8% (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 82
GDP - per capita (PPP):
$9,900 (2017 est.)
$9,500 (2016 est.)
$9,500 (2015 est.)
note: data are in 2017 dollars
country comparison to the world: 138
Gross national saving:
10.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
9.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
16.9% of GDP (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 154
GDP - composition, by end use:
household consumption: 71.6%
government consumption: 16%
investment in fixed capital: 18.4%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 44.2%
imports of goods and services: -50.3% (2017 est.)
GDP - composition, by sector of origin:
agriculture: 10.6%
industry: 17.9%
services: 71.5% (2017 est.)
Agriculture - products:
sugarcane, copra, ginger, tropical fruits, vegetables; beef, pork, chicken; fish
Industries:
tourism, sugar processing, clothing, copra, gold, silver, lumber
Industrial production growth rate:
2.8% (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 105
Labor force:
353,100 (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 161
Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 44%
industry: 14%
services: 42% (2011 est.)
Unemployment rate:
5.5% (2017 est.)
5.5% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 75
Population below poverty line:
31% (2009 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 2.6%
highest 10%: 34.9% (2009 est.)
Budget:
revenues: $1.446 billion
expenditures: $1.687 billion (2017 est.)
Taxes and other revenues:
28.6% of GDP (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 91
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):
-4.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 158
Public debt:
50.4% of GDP (2017 est.)
49.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 102
Fiscal year:
calendar year
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
3.8% (2017 est.)
3.9% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 149
Central bank discount rate:
1.75% (31 December 2010 est.)
3% (31 December 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 119
Commercial bank prime lending rate:
6% (31 December 2017 est.)
5.85% (31 December 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 126
Stock of narrow money:
$2.138 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$1.994 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 133
Stock of broad money:
$3.693 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$3.486 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 140
Stock of domestic credit:
$3.663 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$3.295 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 134
Market value of publicly traded shares:
$452.5 million (31 December 2012 est.)
$392.2 million (31 December 2011 est.)
$418.8 million (31 December 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 114
Current account balance:
$-254 million (2017 est.)
$-236 million (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 92
Exports:
$758.6 million (2017 est.)
$709 million (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 168
Exports - commodities:
fuel, including oil, fish, beverages, gems, sugar, garments, gold, timber, fish, molasses, coconut oil, mineral water
Exports - partners:
US 21.8%, Australia 18.1%, NZ 8.5%, China 6.2%, Tonga 5.1%, Vanuatu 5.1%, UK 4.5%, Kiribati 4.1% (2016)
Imports:
$1.918 billion (2017 est.)
$1.844 billion (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 161
Imports - commodities:
manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, petroleum products, food and beverages, chemicals, tobacco
Imports - partners:
NZ 17.1%, Australia 17%, Singapore 15.1%, China 15%, Japan 6.7% (2016)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$966.8 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$908.6 million (31 December 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 127
Debt - external:
$750.4 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$696.4 million (31 December 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 171
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:
$4.342 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$4.022 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 106
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:
$117.1 million (31 December 2017 est.)
$115.1 million (31 December 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 105
Exchange rates:
Fijian dollars (FJD) per US dollar -
2.08 (2017 est.)
2.09 (2016 est.)
2.09 (2015 est.)
2.1 (2014 est.)
1.89 (2013 est.)

Energy

Electricity access:
population without electricity: 375,274
electrification - total population: 59%
electrification - urban areas: 72%
electrification - rural areas: 45% (2012)
Electricity - production:
890 million kWh (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 157
Electricity - consumption:
827.7 million kWh (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 161
Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 134
Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 148
Electricity - installed generating capacity:
333,000 kW (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 154
Electricity - from fossil fuels:
36% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 174
Electricity - from nuclear fuels:
0% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 89
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:
39% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 52
Electricity - from other renewable sources:
25.2% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 21
Crude oil - production:
0 bbl/day (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 135
Crude oil - exports:
0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 122
Crude oil - imports:
0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 125
Crude oil - proved reserves:
0 bbl (1 January 2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 134
Refined petroleum products - production:
0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 142
Refined petroleum products - consumption:
16,000 bbl/day (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 147
Refined petroleum products - exports:
0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 154
Refined petroleum products - imports:
15,970 bbl/day (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 128
Natural gas - production:
0 cu m (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 134
Natural gas - consumption:
0 cu m (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 180
Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 103
Natural gas - imports:
0 cu m (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 124
Natural gas - proved reserves:
0 cu m (1 January 2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 138
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:
1.7 million Mt (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 155

Communications

Telephones - fixed lines:
total subscriptions: 74,182
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 8 (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 150
Telephones - mobile cellular:
total: 1,044,685
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 113 (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 159
Telephone system:
general assessment: modern local, interisland, and international (wire/radio integrated) public and special-purpose telephone, telegraph, and teleprinter facilities; regional radio communications center; subject to occasional devastating cyclones
domestic: telephone or radio telephone links to almost all inhabited islands; most towns and large villages have automatic telephone exchanges and direct dialing; combined fixed-line and mobile-cellular teledensity roughly 110 per 100 persons
international: country code - 679; access to important cable links between US and Canada, as well as between NZ and Australia; satellite earth stations - 2 Inmarsat (Pacific Ocean) (2016)
Broadcast media:
Fiji TV, a publicly traded company, operates a free-to-air channel, as well as Sky Fiji and Sky Pacific multi-channel pay-TV services; state-owned commercial company, Fiji Broadcasting Corporation, Ltd, operates 6 radio stations - 2 public broadcasters and 4 commercial broadcasters with multiple repeaters; 5 radio stations with repeaters operated by Communications Fiji, Ltd; transmissions of multiple international broadcasters are available (2009)
Internet country code:
.fj
Internet users:
total: 425,680
percent of population: 46.5% (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 153

Transportation

National air transport system:
number of registered air carriers: 2
inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 12
annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 1,336,976
annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 83,686,504 mt-km (2015)
Civil aircraft registration country code prefix:
DQ (2016)
Airports:
28 (2013)
country comparison to the world: 121
Airports - with paved runways:
total: 4
over 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2017)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 24
914 to 1,523 m: 5
under 914 m: 19 (2013)
Railways:
total: 597 km
narrow gauge: 597 km 0.600-m gauge
note: belongs to the government-owned Fiji Sugar Corporation; used to haul sugarcane during the harvest season, which runs from May to December (2008)
country comparison to the world: 110
Roadways:
total: 3,440 km
paved: 1,686 km
unpaved: 1,754 km (2011)
country comparison to the world: 162
Waterways:
203 km (122 km are navigable by motorized craft and 200-metric-ton barges) (2012)
country comparison to the world: 97
Merchant marine:
total: 68
by type: bulk carrier 6, general cargo 25, oil tanker 2, other 35 (2017)
country comparison to the world: 103
Ports and terminals:
major seaport(s): Lautoka, Levuka, Suva

Military & Security

Military expenditures:
0.98% of GDP (2016)
1.07% of GDP (2015)
1.03% of GDP (2014)
1.39% of GDP (2013)
1.49% of GDP (2012)
country comparison to the world: 116
Military branches:
Republic of Fiji Military Forces (RFMF): Land Forces, Naval Forces (2011)
Military service age and obligation:
18 years of age for voluntary military service; mandatory retirement at age 55 (2013)

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international:
none

Economic Indicators for Fiji including actual values, historical data, and latest data updates for the Fiji economy.