Switzerland - Economic Indicators

Economic Overview

Switzerland, a country that espouses neutrality, is a prosperous and modern market economy with low unemployment, a highly skilled labor force, and a per capita GDP among the highest in the world. Switzerland's economy benefits from a highly developed service sector, led by financial services, and a manufacturing industry that specializes in high-technology, knowledge-based production. Its economic and political stability, transparent legal system, exceptional infrastructure, efficient capital markets, and low corporate tax rates also make Switzerland one of the world's most...

Continue reading View Factbook for Switzerland

GDP Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Real Private Consumption 2017 Q4 92,230 92,038 Mil. Ch. 2010 CHF, CDASA Quarterly
Private Consumption 2017 Q4 90,168 89,905 Mil. CHF, CDASA Quarterly
Real Fixed Investment (gross fixed capital formation) 2017 Q4 42,327 42,479 Mil. Ch. 2010 CHF, CDASA Quarterly
Government Consumption 2017 Q4 20,217 20,066 Mil. CHF, CDASA Quarterly
Nominal Fixed Investment (gross fixed capital formation) 2017 Q4 41,271 41,260 Mil. CHF, CDASA Quarterly
Real Gross Domestic Product 2017 Q4 170,785 169,771 Mil. Ch. 2010 CHF, CDASA Quarterly
Real Investment 2017 Q4 30,377 37,533 Mil. Ch. 2010 CHF, CDASA Quarterly
Nominal Gross Domestic Product 2017 Q4 168,690 167,543 Mil. CHF, CDASA Quarterly
Real Government Consumption 2017 Q4 19,903 19,799 Mil. Ch. 2010 CHF, CDASA Quarterly
Investment 2017 Q4 33,674 42,307 Mil. CHF, CDASA Quarterly
Price Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Consumer Price Index (CPI) Apr 2018 101.67 101.46 Index Dec2015=100, NSA Monthly
Producer Price Index (PPI) Apr 2018 102.78 102.33 Dec 2015=100, NSA Monthly
Labor Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Unemployment Rate Apr 2018 2.7 2.9 Percent, NSA Monthly
Unemployment Apr 2018 119,781 130,413 NSA Monthly
Agriculture Employment 2017 172,060 171,122 # Annual
Primary Industries Employment 2017 Q4 155.31 164.17 Ths. #, NSA Quarterly
Secondary Industries Employment 2017 Q4 1,059 1,061 Ths. #, NSA Quarterly
Labor Force 2016 4,889,215 4,814,298 # Annual
Total Employment 2016 Q4 5,080 5,051 Ths. Quarterly
Labor Force Employment 2016 Q4 5,080 5,051 Ths. Quarterly
Real Wages & Salaries 2016 106.84 105.66 2010 = 100, NSA Annual
Trade Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Current Account Balance 2017 Q4 19,679 13,307 Mil. CHF, NSA Quarterly
Exports of Goods and Services 2017 Q4 112,556 108,368 Mil. CHF, CDASA Quarterly
Real Imports of Goods and Services 2017 Q4 94,023 100,276 Mil. Ch. 2010 CHF, CDASA Quarterly
Real Exports of Goods and Services 2017 Q4 123,556 120,476 Mil. Ch. 2010 CHF, CDASA Quarterly
Exports of Goods 2017 Q4 81,954 76,974 Mil. CHF, CDASA Quarterly
Imports of Goods and Services 2017 Q4 87,924 93,104 Mil. CHF, CDASA Quarterly
Balance of Goods 2017 Q4 18,449 9,294 Mil. CHF, CDASA Quarterly
Net Exports 2017 Q4 24,631 15,264 Mil. CHF, CDASA Quarterly
Imports of Goods 2017 Q4 63,505 67,679 Mil. CHF, CDASA Quarterly
Real Net Exports 2013 76,871,939,700 62,093,073,600 NCU Annual
Government Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Outstanding Public Debt 2017 102,474 97,462 Mil. CHF Annual
Government Revenues 2017 69,431 68,657 Mil. CHF Annual
Government Budget Balance 2017 682.42 1,311 Mil. CHF Annual
Government Expenditures 2017 68,748 67,346 Mil. CHF Annual
Gross External Debt 2017 Q3 0 0 USD, NSA Quarterly
Markets Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Lending Rate 24 May 2018 -0.73 -0.73 Percent, NSA Business Daily
Stock Market Index 24 May 2018 8,770 8,794 Index, NSA Daily
Treasury Bills (over 31 days) Apr 2018 -0.85 -0.92 % p.a., NSA Monthly
Money Market Rate Apr 2018 -0.85 -0.92 % p.a., NSA Monthly
Average Long-term Government Bond 29 Sep 2017 0.02 0.03 % p.a., NSA Business Daily
Real Estate Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
House Price Index 2016 Q4 457.1 453.6 1970=100, NSA Quarterly
Building Completions 2013 Q1 7,740 12,786 #, NSA Quarterly
Residential Building Permits 2013 Q1 13,325 16,277 #, NSA Quarterly
Consumer Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Consumer Confidence 2018 Q2 2 5 #, NSA Quarterly
Business Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Business Confidence Apr 2018 105.27 105.11 Index 2007 to 2016=100, NSA Monthly
Industrial Production 2017 Q4 120.5 106.72 Index 2010=100, NSA Quarterly
Change in Inventories 2017 Q4 -1,098 -3,471 Mil. CHF, CDASA Quarterly
Demographics Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Births 2016 87,883 86,559 # Annual
Deaths 2016 64,964 67,606 # Annual
Population 2016 8,419,550 8,327,126 #, NSA Annual
Birth Rate 2015 10.2 10.4 # per Ths. pop. Annual
Death Rate 2015 8.1 7.8 # per Ths. pop. Annual
Net Migration 2012 397,267 # Annual

Factbook

Background

Background:
The Swiss Confederation was founded in 1291 as a defensive alliance among three cantons. In succeeding years, other localities joined the original three. The Swiss Confederation secured its independence from the Holy Roman Empire in 1499. A constitution of 1848, subsequently modified in 1874, replaced the confederation with a centralized federal government. Switzerland's sovereignty and neutrality have long been honored by the major European powers, and the country was not involved in either of the two world wars. The political and economic integration of Europe over the past half century, as well as Switzerland's role in many UN and international organizations, has strengthened Switzerland's ties with its neighbors. However, the country did not officially become a UN member until 2002. Switzerland remains active in many UN and international organizations but retains a strong commitment to neutrality.

Geography

Location:
Central Europe, east of France, north of Italy
Geographic coordinates:
47 00 N, 8 00 E
Map references:
Europe
Area:
total: 41,277 sq km
land: 39,997 sq km
water: 1,280 sq km
country comparison to the world: 136
Area - comparative:
slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey
Area comparison map:
Land boundaries:
total: 1,770 km
border countries (5): Austria 158 km, France 525 km, Italy 698 km, Liechtenstein 41 km, Germany 348 km
Coastline:
0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims:
none (landlocked)
Climate:
temperate, but varies with altitude; cold, cloudy, rainy/snowy winters; cool to warm, cloudy, humid summers with occasional showers
Terrain:
mostly mountains (Alps in south, Jura in northwest) with a central plateau of rolling hills, plains, and large lakes
Elevation:
mean elevation: 1,350 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Lake Maggiore 195 m
highest point: Dufourspitze 4,634 m
Natural resources:
hydropower potential, timber, salt
Land use:
agricultural land: 38.7%
arable land 10.2%; permanent crops 0.6%; permanent pasture 27.9%
forest: 31.5%
other: 29.8% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land:
630 sq km (2012)
Population - distribution:
population distribution corresponds to elevation with the northern and western areas far more heavily populated; the higher Alps of the south limit settlement
Natural hazards:
avalanches, landslides; flash floods
Environment - current issues:
air pollution from vehicle emissions and open-air burning; acid rain; water pollution from increased use of agricultural fertilizers; loss of biodiversity
Environment - international agreements:
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Geography - note:
landlocked; crossroads of northern and southern Europe; along with southeastern France, northern Italy, and southwestern Austria, has the highest elevations in the Alps

People & Society

Population:
8,236,303 (July 2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 98
Nationality:
noun: Swiss (singular and plural)
adjective: Swiss
Ethnic groups:
German 65%, French 18%, Italian 10%, Romansch 1%, other 6%
Languages:
German (or Swiss German) (official) 63%, French (official) 22.7%, Italian (official) 8.1%, English 4.9%, Portuguese 3.7%, Albanian 3%, Serbo-Croatian 2.4%, Spanish 2.2%, Romansch (official) 0.5%, other 7.1%
note: German, French, Italian, and Romansch are all national and official languages; totals more than 100% because some respondents indicated more than one main language (2015 est.)
Religions:
Roman Catholic 37.3%, Protestant 24.9%, other Christian 5.8%, Muslim 5.1%, other 1.4%, Jewish 0.2%, none 23.9%, unspecified 1.3% (2015 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 15.16% (male 642,814/female 605,689)
15-24 years: 10.88% (male 458,044/female 438,373)
25-54 years: 43.21% (male 1,784,051/female 1,774,494)
55-64 years: 12.6% (male 519,709/female 518,421)
65 years and over: 18.15% (male 658,673/female 836,035) (2017 est.)
population pyramid:
Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 48.8
youth dependency ratio: 22
elderly dependency ratio: 26.8
potential support ratio: 3.7 (2015 est.)
Median age:
total: 42.4 years
male: 41.4 years
female: 43.4 years (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 28
Population growth rate:
0.69% (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 139
Birth rate:
10.5 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 187
Death rate:
8.3 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 83
Net migration rate:
4.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 27
Population distribution:
population distribution corresponds to elevation with the northern and western areas far more heavily populated; the higher Alps of the south limit settlement
Urbanization:
urban population: 74.1% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.1% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major urban areas - population:
Zurich 1.246 million; BERN (capital) 358,000 (2015)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth:
30.7 years (2014 est.)
Maternal mortality rate:
5 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 172
Infant mortality rate:
total: 3.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 202
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 82.6 years
male: 80.3 years
female: 85.1 years (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 10
Total fertility rate:
1.56 children born/woman (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 189
Contraceptive prevalence rate:
72.9% (2012)
Health expenditures:
11.7% of GDP (2014)
country comparison to the world: 7
Physicians density:
4.11 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density:
5 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Drinking water source:
improved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access:
improved:
urban: 99.9% of population
rural: 99.8% of population
total: 99.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.1% of population
rural: 0.2% of population
total: 0.1% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
NA
Obesity - adult prevalence rate:
19.5% (2016)
country comparison to the world: 112
Education expenditures:
5.1% of GDP (2013)
country comparison to the world: 66
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 16 years (2014)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:
total: 8.4%
male: 8.7%
female: 8.1% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 111

Government

Country name:
conventional long form: Swiss Confederation
conventional short form: Switzerland
local long form: Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft (German); Confederation Suisse (French); Confederazione Svizzera (Italian); Confederaziun Svizra (Romansh)
local short form: Schweiz (German); Suisse (French); Svizzera (Italian); Svizra (Romansh)
etymology: name derives from the canton of Schwyz, one of the founding cantons of the Old Swiss Confederacy that formed in the 14th century
Government type:
federal republic (formally a confederation)
Capital:
name: Bern
geographic coordinates: 46 55 N, 7 28 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Administrative divisions:
26 cantons (cantons, singular - canton in French; cantoni, singular - cantone in Italian; Kantone, singular - Kanton in German); Aargau, Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Appenzell Innerrhoden, Basel-Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Berne/Bern, Fribourg/Freiburg, Geneve, Glarus, Graubuenden/Grigioni/Grischun, Jura, Luzern, Neuchatel, Nidwalden, Obwalden, Sankt Gallen, Schaffhausen, Schwyz, Solothurn, Thurgau, Ticino, Uri, Valais/Wallis, Vaud, Zug, Zuerich
note: 6 of the cantons - Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Appenzell Innerrhoden, Basel-Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Nidwalden, Obwalden - are referred to as half cantons because they elect only one member to the Council of States and, in popular referendums where a majority of popular votes and a majority of cantonal votes are required, these 6 cantons only have a half vote
Independence:
1 August 1291 (founding of the Swiss Confederation)
National holiday:
Founding of the Swiss Confederation in 1291; note - since 1 August 1891 celebrated as Swiss National Day
Constitution:
history: previous 1848, 1874; latest adopted by referendum 18 April 1999, effective 1 January 2000
amendments: proposed by the two houses of the Federal Assembly or by petition of at least one million voters (called the "federal popular initiative"); passage of proposals requires majority vote in a referendum; following drafting of an amendment by the Assembly, its passage requires approval by majority vote in a referendum and approval by the majority of cantons; amended many times, last in 2016 (2016)
Legal system:
civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts, except for federal decrees of a general obligatory character
International law organization participation:
accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
Citizenship:
citizenship by birth: no
citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Switzerland
dual citizenship recognized: yes
residency requirement for naturalization: 12 years including at least 3 of the last 5 years prior to application
Suffrage:
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
chief of state: President of the Swiss Confederation Doris LEUTHARD (since 1 January 2017); Vice President Alain BERSET (since 1 January 2017); note - the Federal Council, which is comprised of 7 federal councillors, constitutes the federal government of Switzerland; council members rotate in a 1-year term as federal president (chief of state and head of government)
head of government: President of the Swiss Confederation Doris LEUTHARD (since 1 January 2017); Vice President Alain BERSET (since 1 January 2017)
cabinet: Federal Council or Bundesrat (in German), Conseil Federal (in French), Consiglio Federale (in Italian) indirectly elected usually from among its members by the Federal Assembly for a 4-year term
elections/appointments: president and vice president elected by the Federal Assembly from among members of the Federal Council for a 1-year, non-consecutive term; election last held on 7 December 2016 (next to be held in early December 2017)
election results: Doris LEUTHARD elected president; Federal Assembly vote - 188 of 207; Alain BERSET elected vice president
Legislative branch:
description: bicameral Federal Assembly or Bundesversammlung (in German), Assemblee Federale (in French), Assemblea Federale (in Italian) consists of the Council of States or Staenderat (in German), Conseil des Etats (in French), Consiglio degli Stati (in Italian) (46 seats; members in multi-seat constituencies representing cantons and single-seat constituencies representing half cantons directly elected by simple majority vote; members serve 4-year terms) and the National Council or Nationalrat (in German), Conseil National (in French), Consiglio Nazionale (in Italian) (200 seats; 195 members in cantons directly elected by proportional representation vote and 6 in half cantons directly elected by simple majority vote; members serve 4-year terms)
elections: Council of States - last held in most cantons on 18 October 2015 (each canton determines when the next election will be held); National Council - last held on 18 October 2015 (next to be held in October 2019)
election results: Council of States - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party as of 18 October 2015 - CVP 13, FDP 13, SDP 12, SVP 5, other 3; National Council - percent of vote by party - SVP 29.4%, SPS 18.8%, FDP 16.4%, CVP 11.6%, Green Party 7.1%, GLP 4.6%, BDP 4.1%, other 8.0%; seats by party - SVP 68, SPS 43, FDP 33, CVP 30, Green Party 12, GLP 7, BDP 7
Judicial branch:
highest court(s): Federal Supreme Court (consists of 38 judges and 31 substitutes and organized into 5 sections)
judge selection and term of office: judges elected by the Federal Assembly for 6-year terms; note - judges are affiliated with political parties and are elected according to linguistic and regional criteria in approximate proportion to the level of party representation in the Federal Assembly
subordinate courts: Federal Criminal Court (began in 2004); Federal Administrative Court (began in 2007); note - each of Switzerland's 26 cantons has its own courts
Political parties and leaders:
Christian Democratic People's Party (Christlichdemokratische Volkspartei der Schweiz or CVP, Parti Democrate-Chretien Suisse or PDC, Partito Popolare Democratico Svizzero or PPD, Partida Cristiandemocratica dalla Svizra or PCD) [Gerhard PFISTER]
Conservative Democratic Party (Buergerlich-Demokratische Partei Schweiz or BDP, Parti Bourgeois Democratique Suisse or PBD, Partito Borghese Democratico Svizzero or PBD, Partido burgais democratica Svizera or PBD) [Martin LANDOLT]
Free Democratic Party or FDP.The Liberals (FDP.Die Liberalen, PLR.Les Liberaux-Radicaux, PLR.I Liberali, Ils Liberals) [Petra GOESSI]
Green Liberal Party (Grunliberale or GLP, Parti vert liberale or PVL, Partito Verde-Liberale or PVL, Partida Verde Liberale or PVL) [Jurge GROSSEN]
Green Party (Gruene Partei der Schweiz or Gruene, Parti Ecologiste Suisse or Les Verts, Partito Ecologista Svizzero or I Verdi, Partida Ecologica Svizra or La Verda) [Regula RYTZ]
Social Democratic Party (Sozialdemokratische Partei der Schweiz or SPS, Parti Socialiste Suisse or PSS, Partito Socialista Svizzero or PSS, Partida Socialdemocratica de la Svizra or PSS) [Christian LEVRAT]
Swiss People's Party (Schweizerische Volkspartei or SVP, Union Democratique du Centre or UDC, Unione Democratica di Centro or UDC, Uniun Democratica dal Center or UDC) [Albert ROESTI]
other minor parties
Political pressure groups and leaders:
NA
International organization participation:
ADB (nonregional member), AfDB (nonregional member), Australia Group, BIS, CD, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, EFTA, EITI (implementing country), ESA, FAO, FATF, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD (partners), ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAIA (observer), MIGA, MINUSMA, MONUSCO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OIF, OPCW, OSCE, Pacific Alliance (observer), Paris Club, PCA, PFP, Schengen Convention, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNITAR, UNMISS, UNMOGIP, UNRWA, UNTSO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC
Diplomatic representation in the US:
chief of mission: Ambassador Martin Werner DAHINDEN (since 18 November 2014)
chancery: 2900 Cathedral Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 745-7900
FAX: [1] (202) 387-2564
consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Chicago, Los Angeles, New York, San Francisco
Diplomatic representation from the US:
chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Tara Feret ERATH (since 20 January 2017) note - also accredited to Liechtenstein
embassy: Sulgeneckstrasse 19, CH-3007 Bern
mailing address: use embassy street address
telephone: [41] (031) 357-70-11
FAX: [41] (031) 357-73-20
Flag description:
red square with a bold, equilateral white cross in the center that does not extend to the edges of the flag; various medieval legends purport to describe the origin of the flag; a white cross used as identification for troops of the Swiss Confederation is first attested at the Battle of Laupen (1339)
National symbol(s):
Swiss cross (white cross on red field, arms equal length); national colors: red, white
National anthem:
the Swiss anthem has four names: "Schweizerpsalm" [German] "Cantique Suisse" [French] "Salmo svizzero," [Italian] "Psalm svizzer" [Romansch] (Swiss Psalm)
lyrics/music: Leonhard WIDMER [German], Charles CHATELANAT [French], Camillo VALSANGIACOMO [Italian], and Flurin CAMATHIAS [Romansch]/Alberik ZWYSSIG
note: unofficially adopted 1961, officially 1981; the anthem has been popular in a number of Swiss cantons since its composition (in German) in 1841; translated into the other three official languages of the country (French, Italian, and Romansch), it is official in each of those languages

Economy

Economy - overview:
Switzerland, a country that espouses neutrality, is a prosperous and modern market economy with low unemployment, a highly skilled labor force, and a per capita GDP among the highest in the world. Switzerland's economy benefits from a highly developed service sector, led by financial services, and a manufacturing industry that specializes in high-technology, knowledge-based production. Its economic and political stability, transparent legal system, exceptional infrastructure, efficient capital markets, and low corporate tax rates also make Switzerland one of the world's most competitive economies.
The Swiss have brought their economic practices largely into conformity with the EU's to enhance their international competitiveness, but some trade protectionism remains, particularly for its small agricultural sector. The fate of the Swiss economy is tightly linked to that of its neighbors in the euro zone, which purchases half of Swiss exports. The global financial crisis of 2008 and resulting economic downturn in 2009 stalled demand for Swiss exports and put Switzerland into a recession. During this period, the Swiss National Bank (SNB) implemented a zero-interest rate policy to boost the economy, as well as to prevent appreciation of the franc, and Switzerland's economy began to recover in 2010.
The sovereign debt crises unfolding in neighboring euro-zone countries, however, coupled with ongoing economic instability in Russia and other eastern European economies continue to pose a significant risk to the Swiss economy, driving up demand for the Swiss franc by investors seeking a safe-haven currency. In January 2015, the SNB abandoned the Swiss franc’s peg to the euro, roiling global currency markets and making active SNB intervention a necessary hallmark of present-day Swiss monetary policy. The independent SNB has upheld its zero interest rate policy and conducted major market interventions to prevent further appreciation of the Swiss franc, but parliamentarians have urged it to do more to weaken the currency. The franc's strength has made Swiss exports less competitive and weakened the country's growth outlook; GDP growth fell below 2% per year from 2011-16.
In recent years, Switzerland has responded to increasing pressure from neighboring countries and trading partners to reform its banking secrecy laws, by agreeing to conform to OECD regulations on administrative assistance in tax matters, including tax evasion. The Swiss government has also renegotiated its double taxation agreements with numerous countries, including the US, to incorporate OECD standards, and is openly considering the possibility of imposing taxes on bank deposits held by foreigners.
GDP (purchasing power parity):
$502.7 billion (2016 est.)
$489.6 billion (2015 est.)
$478.7 billion (2014 est.)
note: data are in 2016 dollars
country comparison to the world: 40
GDP (official exchange rate):
$669 billion (2016 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
1.4% (2016 est.)
1.2% (2015 est.)
2.5% (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 166
GDP - per capita (PPP):
$60,400 (2016 est.)
$60,200 (2015 est.)
$60,200 (2014 est.)
note: data are in 2016 dollars
country comparison to the world: 17
Gross national saving:
33.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
34.5% of GDP (2015 est.)
31.9% of GDP (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 20
GDP - composition, by end use:
household consumption: 53.9%
government consumption: 11.5%
investment in fixed capital: 24.2%
investment in inventories: -1.7%
exports of goods and services: 65.5%
imports of goods and services: -53.5% (2016 est.)
GDP - composition, by sector of origin:
agriculture: 0.7%
industry: 25.5%
services: 73.8% (2016 est.)
Agriculture - products:
grains, fruits, vegetables; meat, eggs, dairy products
Industries:
machinery, chemicals, watches, textiles, precision instruments, tourism, banking, insurance, pharmaceuticals
Industrial production growth rate:
2.3% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 99
Labor force:
5.119 million (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 81
Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 3.3%
industry: 19.8%
services: 76.9% (2015)
Unemployment rate:
3.3% (2016 est.)
3.2% (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 33
Population below poverty line:
6.6% (2014 est.)
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 7.5%
highest 10%: 19% (2007)
Distribution of family income - Gini index:
29.5 (2014 est.)
33.1 (1992)
country comparison to the world: 128
Budget:
revenues: $230.4 billion
expenditures: $226 billion
note: includes federal, cantonal, and municipal budgets (2016 est.)
Taxes and other revenues:
34.9% of GDP (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 56
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):
0.7% of GDP (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 30
Public debt:
32.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
33.4% of GDP (2015 est.)
note: general government gross debt; gross debt consists of all liabilities that require payment or payments of interest and/or principal by the debtor to the creditor at a date or dates in the future; includes debt liabilities in the form of Special Drawing Rights (SDRs), currency and deposits, debt securities, loans, insurance, pensions and standardized guarantee schemes, and other accounts payable; all liabilities in the GFSM 2001 system are debt, except for equity and investment fund shares and financial derivatives and employee stock options
country comparison to the world: 151
Fiscal year:
calendar year
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
-0.4% (2016 est.)
-1.1% (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 32
Central bank discount rate:
0.5% (31 December 2016)
0.75% (31 December 2009)
country comparison to the world: 131
Commercial bank prime lending rate:
2.65% (31 December 2016 est.)
2.68% (31 December 2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 172
Stock of narrow money:
$555.7 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$508.2 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 11
Stock of broad money:
$1.232 trillion (31 December 2016 est.)
$1.21 trillion (31 December 2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 16
Stock of domestic credit:
$1.166 trillion (31 December 2016 est.)
$1.142 trillion (31 December 2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 16
Market value of publicly traded shares:
$1.519 trillion (31 December 2015 est.)
$1.495 trillion (31 December 2014 est.)
$1.541 trillion (31 December 2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 10
Current account balance:
$70.54 billion (2016 est.)
$77.38 billion (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7
Exports:
$318.1 billion (2016 est.)
$303.1 billion (2015 est.)
note: trade data exclude trade with Switzerland
country comparison to the world: 15
Exports - commodities:
machinery, chemicals, metals, watches, agricultural products
Exports - partners:
Germany 14.4%, US 12.1%, UK 10.7%, China 9%, Hong Kong 6.1%, France 5.8%, Italy 4.9%, India 4.8% (2016)
Imports:
$264.9 billion (2016 est.)
$249.5 billion (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 18
Imports - commodities:
machinery, chemicals, vehicles, metals; agricultural products, textiles
Imports - partners:
Germany 19.4%, US 9%, Italy 7.4%, UK 7.1%, UAE 6.2%, France 6.1%, China 4.7% (2016)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$679.3 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$602.7 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 4
Debt - external:
$1.664 trillion (31 March 2016 est.)
$1.663 trillion (31 March 2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 12
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:
$1.217 trillion (31 December 2016 est.)
$1.255 trillion (31 December 2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 9
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:
$1.528 trillion (31 December 2016 est.)
$1.51 trillion (31 December 2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7
Exchange rates:
Swiss francs (CHF) per US dollar -
0.9852 (2016 est.)
0.9852 (2015 est.)
0.9627 (2014 est.)
0.9152 (2013 est.)
0.9377 (2012 est.)

Energy

Electricity access:
electrification - total population: 100% (2016)
Electricity - production:
64.06 billion kWh (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 45
Electricity - consumption:
58.45 billion kWh (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 44
Electricity - exports:
30.17 billion kWh (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 6
Electricity - imports:
34.1 billion kWh (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 5
Electricity - installed generating capacity:
19.62 million kW (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 45
Electricity - from fossil fuels:
2.9% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 208
Electricity - from nuclear fuels:
17% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 12
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:
61% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 26
Electricity - from other renewable sources:
11.1% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 67
Crude oil - production:
0 bbl/day (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 198
Crude oil - exports:
319.1 bbl/day (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 77
Crude oil - imports:
58,400 bbl/day (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 54
Crude oil - proved reserves:
0 bbl (1 January 2017 es)
country comparison to the world: 197
Refined petroleum products - production:
63,400 bbl/day (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 79
Refined petroleum products - consumption:
217,400 bbl/day (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 54
Refined petroleum products - exports:
8,894 bbl/day (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 85
Refined petroleum products - imports:
166,300 bbl/day (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 39
Natural gas - production:
25 million cu m (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 91
Natural gas - consumption:
4.639 billion cu m (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 67
Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 189
Natural gas - imports:
3.484 billion cu m (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 40
Natural gas - proved reserves:
NA cu m (1 January 2011 es)
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:
45 million Mt (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 63

Communications

Telephones - fixed lines:
total subscriptions: 4.029 million
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 49 (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 38
Telephones - mobile cellular:
total: 11,283,400
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 138 (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 79
Telephone system:
general assessment: highly developed telecommunications infrastructure with excellent domestic and international services
domestic: ranked among leading countries for fixed-line teledensity and infrastructure; mobile-cellular subscribership roughly 140 per 100 persons; extensive cable and microwave radio relay networks
international: country code - 41; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean and Indian Ocean) (2016)
Broadcast media:
the publicly owned radio and TV broadcaster, Swiss Broadcasting Corporation (SRG/SSR), operates 7 national TV networks, 3 broadcasting in German, 2 in Italian, and 2 in French; private commercial TV stations broadcast regionally and locally; TV broadcasts from stations in Germany, Italy, and France are widely available via multi-channel cable and satellite TV services; SRG/SSR operates 17 radio stations that, along with private broadcasters, provide national to local coverage (2015)
Internet country code:
.ch
Internet users:
total: 7,312,744
percent of population: 89.4% (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 54

Transportation

National air transport system:
number of registered air carriers: 12
inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 163
annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 26,843,991
annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 1,322,379,468 mt-km (2015)
Civil aircraft registration country code prefix:
HB (2016)
Airports:
63 (2013)
country comparison to the world: 78
Airports - with paved runways:
total: 40
over 3,047 m: 3
2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 12
914 to 1,523 m: 6
under 914 m: 17 (2013)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 23
under 914 m: 23 (2013)
Heliports:
2 (2013)
Pipelines:
gas 1,800 km; oil 94 km; refined products 7 km (2013)
Railways:
total: 5,651.5 km
standard gauge: 4,424.8 km 1.435-m gauge (3,634.1 km electrified)
narrow gauge: 2 km 1.200-m gauge (2 km electrified); 1,188.3 km 1.000-m gauge (1,167.3 km electrified); 36.4 km 0.800-m gauge (36.4 km electrified) (2014)
country comparison to the world: 33
Roadways:
total: 71,464 km
paved: 71,464 km (includes 1,415 of expressways) (2011)
country comparison to the world: 66
Waterways:
1,292 km (there are 1,227 km of waterways on lakes and rivers for public transport and 65 km on the Rhine River between Basel-Rheinfelden and Schaffhausen-Bodensee for commercial goods transport) (2010)
country comparison to the world: 57
Merchant marine:
total: 50
by type: bulk carrier 31, cargo 2, chemical/petroleum tanker 7, container 10
(2017)
registered in other countries: 127 (Antigua and Barbuda 7, Bahamas 1, Belize 1, Cayman Islands 1, France 5, Germany 2, Hong Kong 5, Italy 13, Liberia 25, Luxembourg 1, Malta 20, Marshall Islands 12, NZ 2, Panama 15, Portugal 3, Russia 3, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7, Singapore 3, Spain 1) (2010)
country comparison to the world: 72
Ports and terminals:
river port(s): Basel (Rhine)

Military & Security

Military expenditures:
0.71% of GDP (2016)
0.67% of GDP (2015)
0.66% of GDP (2014)
0.73% of GDP (2013)
0.69% of GDP (2012)
country comparison to the world: 117
Military branches:
Swiss Armed Forces: Land Forces, Swiss Air Force (Schweizer Luftwaffe) (2013)
Military service age and obligation:
19-26 years of age for male compulsory military service; 18 years of age for voluntary male and female military service; every Swiss male has to serve at least 260 days in the armed forces; conscripts receive 18 weeks of mandatory training, followed by seven 3-week intermittent recalls for training during the next 10 years (2012)

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international:
none
Refugees and internally displaced persons:
refugees (country of origin): 26,264 (Eritrea); 11,159 (Syria); 5,675 (Afghanistan); 5,458 (Sri Lanka) (2016)
stateless persons: 66 (2016)
Illicit drugs:
a major international financial center vulnerable to the layering and integration stages of money laundering; despite significant legislation and reporting requirements, secrecy rules persist and nonresidents are permitted to conduct business through offshore entities and various intermediaries; transit country for and consumer of South American cocaine, Southwest Asian heroin, and Western European synthetics; domestic cannabis cultivation and limited ecstasy production

Economic Indicators for Switzerland including actual values, historical data, and latest data updates for the Switzerland economy.