Puerto Rico - Economic Indicators

Economic Overview

Puerto Rico had one of the most dynamic economies in the Caribbean region until 2006; however, growth has been negative for each of the last 11 years. The downturn coincided with the phaseout of tax preferences that had led US firms to invest heavily in the Commonwealth since the 1950s, and a steep rise in the price of oil, which generates most of the island's electricity. Diminished job opportunities prompted a sharp rise in outmigration, as many Puerto Ricans sought jobs on the US mainland. Unemployment reached 16% in 2011, but declined to 11.5% in December 2017. US minimum...

Continue reading View Factbook for Puerto Rico

GDP Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Nominal Gross Domestic Product 2016 105,034,500,000 103,143,500,000 NCU Annual
Real Gross Domestic Product 2016 10,049,100,000 10,318,000,000 NCU Annual
Investment 2016 8,608,600,000 8,785,200,000 NCU Annual
Nominal Fixed Investment (gross fixed capital formation) 2016 8,262,700,000 8,663,900,000 NCU Annual
Government Consumption 2016 8,634,600,000 9,136,600,000 NCU Annual
Real Government Consumption 2016 1,605,100,000 1,686,200,000 NCU Annual
Real Investment 2016 1,386,000,000 1,358,300,000 NCU Annual
Real Fixed Investment (gross fixed capital formation) 2016 1,241,800,000 1,259,100,000 NCU Annual
Labor Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Unemployment Rate 2017 11.67 11.78 % of total labor force Annual
Agriculture Employment 2017 35,265 35,362 # Annual
Labor Force 2016 1,162,988 1,178,300 # Annual
Trade Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Real Imports of Goods and Services 2013 12,712,053,145 12,941,400,000 NCU Annual
Real Exports of Goods and Services 2013 6,389,945,380 6,282,500,000 NCU Annual
Business Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Change in Inventories 2016 345,900,000 121,200,000 NCU Annual
Real Change in Inventories 2016 144,200,000 99,100,000 NCU Annual
Demographics Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Population 2017 3,410,000 3,411,307 # Annual
Birth Rate 2016 9 9 # per Ths. pop. Annual
Death Rate 2016 8.1 8.08 # per Ths. pop. Annual
Net Migration 2012 -103,530 # Annual

Factbook

Background

Background:
Populated for centuries by aboriginal peoples, the island was claimed by the Spanish Crown in 1493 following Christopher COLUMBUS' second voyage to the Americas. In 1898, after 400 years of colonial rule that saw the indigenous population nearly exterminated and African slave labor introduced, Puerto Rico was ceded to the US as a result of the Spanish-American War. Puerto Ricans were granted US citizenship in 1917. Popularly elected governors have served since 1948. In 1952, a constitution was enacted providing for internal self-government. In plebiscites held in 1967, 1993, and 1998, voters chose not to alter the existing political status with the US, but the results of a 2012 vote left open the possibility of American statehood. Economic recession on the island has led to a net population loss since about 2005, as large numbers of residents moved to the US mainland. The trend has accelerated since 2010; in 2014, Puerto Rico experienced a net population loss to the mainland of 64,000, more than double the net loss of 26,000 in 2010. Hurricane Maria struck the island on 20 September 2017 causing catastrophic damage, including destruction of the electrical grid that had been cripled by Hurricane Irma just two weeks before. It was the worst storm to hit the island in eight decades, and damage is estimated in the tens of billions of dollars.

Geography

Location:
Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic
Geographic coordinates:
18 15 N, 66 30 W
Map references:
Central America and the Caribbean
Area:
total: 9,104 sq km
land: 8,959 sq km
water: 145 sq km
country comparison to the world: 171
Area - comparative:
slightly less than three times the size of Rhode Island
Land boundaries:
0 km
Coastline:
501 km
Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate:
tropical marine, mild; little seasonal temperature variation
Terrain:
mostly mountains with coastal plain in north; precipitous mountains to the sea on west coast; sandy beaches along most coastal areas
Elevation:
mean elevation: 261 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Cerro de Punta 1,338 m
Natural resources:
some copper and nickel; potential for onshore and offshore oil
Land use:
agricultural land: 22%
arable land 6.6%; permanent crops 5.6%; permanent pasture 9.8%
forest: 63.2%
other: 14.8% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land:
220 sq km (2012)
Population - distribution:
population clusters tend to be found along the coast, the largest of these is found in and around San Juan; an exception to this is a sizeable population located in the interior of the island immediately south of the capital around Caguas; most of the interior, particularly in the western half of the island, is dominated by the Cordillera Central mountains, where population density is low
Natural hazards:
periodic droughts; hurricanes
Environment - current issues:
soil erosion; occasional drought causing water shortages
Geography - note:
important location along the Mona Passage - a key shipping lane to the Panama Canal; San Juan is one of the biggest and best natural harbors in the Caribbean; many small rivers and high central mountains ensure land is well watered; south coast relatively dry; fertile coastal plain belt in north

People & Society

Population:
3,351,827 (July 2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 134
Nationality:
noun: Puerto Rican(s) (US citizens)
adjective: Puerto Rican
Ethnic groups:
white 75.8%, black/African American 12.4%, other 8.5% (includes American Indian, Alaskan Native, Native Hawaiian, other Pacific Islander, and others), mixed 3.3%
note: 99% of the population is Latino (2010 est.)
Languages:
Spanish, English
Religions:
Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant and other 15%
Age structure:
0-14 years: 15.77% (male 270,656/female 258,073)
15-24 years: 13.71% (male 233,667/female 225,812)
25-54 years: 38.1% (male 607,954/female 669,149)
55-64 years: 12.93% (male 198,720/female 234,713)
65 years and over: 19.48% (male 281,413/female 371,670) (2017 est.)
population pyramid:
Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 49.6
youth dependency ratio: 27.9
elderly dependency ratio: 21.7
potential support ratio: 4.6 (2015 est.)
Median age:
total: 41.5 years
male: 39.5 years
female: 43.2 years (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 38
Population growth rate:
-1.74% (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 233
Birth rate:
8.1 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 222
Death rate:
8.6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 76
Net migration rate:
-16.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 217
Population distribution:
population clusters tend to be found along the coast, the largest of these is found in and around San Juan; an exception to this is a sizeable population located in the interior of the island immediately south of the capital around Caguas; most of the interior, particularly in the western half of the island, is dominated by the Cordillera Central mountains, where population density is low
Urbanization:
urban population: 93.5% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: -0.03% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major urban areas - population:
SAN JUAN (capital) 2.463 million (2015)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.83 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 0.91 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
Maternal mortality ratio:
14 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 139
Infant mortality rate:
total: 6.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 166
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 80.9 years
male: 77.6 years
female: 84.4 years (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 32
Total fertility rate:
1.22 children born/woman (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 220
Drinking water source:
improved:
urban: 93.6% of population
rural: 93.6% of population
total: 93.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 6.4% of population
rural: 6.4% of population
total: 6.4% of population (2001 est.)
Sanitation facility access:
improved:
urban: 99.3% of population
rural: 99.3% of population
total: 99.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.7% of population
rural: 0.7% of population
total: 0.7% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
NA
Major infectious diseases:
note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)
Education expenditures:
6% of GDP (2014)
Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.3%
male: 92.8%
female: 93.8% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 14 years
male: 13 years
female: 15 years (2014)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:
total: 26.6%
male: 28.9%
female: 23.1% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 44

Government

Country name:
conventional long form: Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
conventional short form: Puerto Rico
abbreviation: PR
etymology: Christopher COLUMBUS named the island San Juan Bautista (Saint John the Baptist) and the capital city and main port Cuidad de Puerto Rico (Rich Port City); over time, however, the names were shortened and transposed and the island came to be called Puerto Rico and its capital San Juan
Dependency status:
unincorporated, organized territory of the US with commonwealth status; policy relations between Puerto Rico and the US conducted under the jurisdiction of the Office of the President
Government type:
presidential democracy; a self-governing commonwealth in political association with the US
Capital:
name: San Juan
geographic coordinates: 18 28 N, 66 07 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions:
none (territory of the US with commonwealth status); there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 78 municipalities (municipios, singular - municipio) at the second order; Adjuntas, Aguada, Aguadilla, Aguas Buenas, Aibonito, Anasco, Arecibo, Arroyo, Barceloneta, Barranquitas, Bayamon, Cabo Rojo, Caguas, Camuy, Canovanas, Carolina, Catano, Cayey, Ceiba, Ciales, Cidra, Coamo, Comerio, Corozal, Culebra, Dorado, Fajardo, Florida, Guanica, Guayama, Guayanilla, Guaynabo, Gurabo, Hatillo, Hormigueros, Humacao, Isabela, Jayuya, Juana Diaz, Juncos, Lajas, Lares, Las Marias, Las Piedras, Loiza, Luquillo, Manati, Maricao, Maunabo, Mayaguez, Moca, Morovis, Naguabo, Naranjito, Orocovis, Patillas, Penuelas, Ponce, Quebradillas, Rincon, Rio Grande, Sabana Grande, Salinas, San German, San Juan, San Lorenzo, San Sebastian, Santa Isabel, Toa Alta, Toa Baja, Trujillo Alto, Utuado, Vega Alta, Vega Baja, Vieques, Villalba, Yabucoa, Yauco
Independence:
none (territory of the US with commonwealth status)
National holiday:
US Independence Day, 4 July (1776); Puerto Rico Constitution Day, 25 July (1952)
Constitution:
previous 1900 (Organic Act, or Foraker Act); latest ratified 3 March 1952, approved 3 July 1952, effective 25 July 1952 (2016)
Legal system:
civil law system based on the Spanish civil code and within the framework of the US federal system
Citizenship:
see United States
Suffrage:
18 years of age; universal; note - island residents are US citizens but do not vote in US presidential elections
Executive branch:
chief of state: President Donald J. TRUMP (since 20 January 2017); Vice President Michael R. PENCE (since 20 January 2017)
head of government: Governor Ricardo ROSSELLO (since 2 January 2017)
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by governor with the consent of the Legislative Assembly
elections/appointments: president and vice president indirectly elected on the same ballot by an Electoral College of 'electors' chosen from each state; president and vice president serve a 4-year term (eligible for a second term); under the US Constitution, residents of Puerto Rico do not vote in elections for US president and vice president; however, they may vote in Democratic and Republican party presidential primary elections; governor directly elected by simple majority popular vote for a 4-year term (no term limits); election last held on 8 November 2016 (next to be held in November 2020)
election results: Ricardo ROSSELLO elected governor; percent of vote - Ricardo ROSSELLO (PNP) 41.8%, David BERNIER (PPD) 38.9%, Alexandra LUGARO (independent) 11.1%, Manuel CIDRE (independent) 5.7%
Legislative branch:
description: bicameral Legislative Assembly or Asamblea Legislativa consists of the Senate or Senado (27 seats; 16 members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by simple majority vote and 11 at-large members directly elected by simple majority vote to serve 4-year terms); the House of Representatives or Camara de Representantes (51 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 4-year terms)
elections: Senate - last held on 8 November 2016 (next to be held on 3 November 2020); House of Representatives - last held on 8 November 2016 (next to be held on 3 November 2020)
election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PNP 21, PPD 7, PIP 1, Independent 1; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PNP 34, PPD 16, PIP 1
note: Puerto Rico directly elects 1 member by simple majority vote to serve a 4-year term as a commissioner to the US House of Representatives; the commissioner can vote when serving on a committee and when the House meets as the Committee of the Whole House but not when legislation is submitted for a “full floor” House vote; election of commissioner last held on 8 November 2016 (next to be held on 6 November 2018)
Judicial branch:
highest court(s): Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice and 8 associate justices)
judge selection and term of office: justices appointed by the governor and confirmed by majority Senate vote; judges serve until compulsory retirement at age 70
subordinate courts: Court of Appeals; First Instance Court comprised of superior and municipal courts
Political parties and leaders:
National Democratic Party [Charlie RODRIGUEZ]
National Republican Party of Puerto Rico [Jenniffer GONZALEZ]
New Progressive Party or PNP [Ricardo ROSSELLO] (pro-US statehood)
Popular Democratic Party or PPD [Alejandro GARCIA Padillo] (pro-commonwealth)
Puerto Rican Independence Party or PIP [Ruben BERRIOS Martinez] (pro-independence)
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Boricua Popular Army or EPB (a revolutionary group also known as Los Macheteros)
International organization participation:
AOSIS (observer), Caricom (observer), Interpol (subbureau), IOC, UNWTO (associate), UPU, WFTU (NGOs)
Diplomatic representation in the US:
none (territory of the US)
Diplomatic representation from the US:
none (territory of the US with commonwealth status)
Flag description:
five equal horizontal bands of red (top, center, and bottom) alternating with white; a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side bears a large, white, five-pointed star in the center; the white star symbolizes Puerto Rico; the three sides of the triangle signify the executive, legislative and judicial parts of the government; blue stands for the sky and the coastal waters; red symbolizes the blood shed by warriors, while white represents liberty, victory, and peace
note: design initially influenced by the US flag, but similar to the Cuban flag, with the colors of the bands and triangle reversed
National symbol(s):
Puerto Rican spindalis (bird), coqui (frog); national colors: red, white, blue
National anthem:
name: "La Borinquena" (The Puerto Rican)
lyrics/music: Manuel Fernandez JUNCOS/Felix Astol ARTES
note: music adopted 1952, lyrics adopted 1977; the local anthem's name is a reference to the indigenous name of the island, Borinquen; the music was originally composed as a dance in 1867 and gained popularity in the early 20th century; there is some evidence that the music was written by Francisco RAMIREZ; as a commonwealth of the US, "The Star-Spangled Banner" is official (see United States)

Economy

Economy - overview:
Puerto Rico had one of the most dynamic economies in the Caribbean region until 2006; however, growth has been negative for each of the last 11 years. The downturn coincided with the phaseout of tax preferences that had led US firms to invest heavily in the Commonwealth since the 1950s, and a steep rise in the price of oil, which generates most of the island's electricity.
Diminished job opportunities prompted a sharp rise in outmigration, as many Puerto Ricans sought jobs on the US mainland. Unemployment reached 16% in 2011, but declined to 11.5% in December 2017. US minimum wage laws apply in Puerto Rico, hampering job expansion. Per capita income is about two-thirds that of the US mainland.
The industrial sector greatly exceeds agriculture as the locus of economic activity and income. Tourism has traditionally been an important source of income with estimated arrivals of more than 3.6 million tourists in 2008. Puerto Rico's merchandise trade surplus is exceptionally strong, with exports nearly 50% greater than imports, and its current account surplus about 10% of GDP.
Closing the budget deficit while restoring economic growth and employment remain the central concerns of the government. The gap between revenues and expenditures amounted to 0.6% of GDP in 2016, although analysts believe that not all expenditures have been accounted for in the budget and a better accounting of costs would yield an overall deficit of roughly 5% of GDP. Public debt remained steady at 92.5% of GDP in 2017, about $17,000 per person, or nearly three times the per capita debt of the State of Connecticut, the highest in the US. Much of that debt was issued by state-run schools and public corporations, including water and electric utilities. In June 2015, Governor Alejandro GARCIA Padilla announced that the island could not pay back at least $73 billion in debt and that it would seek a deal with its creditors.
Hurricane Maria hit Puerto Rico square on in September 2017, causing electrical power outages to 90% of the territory, as well as extensive loss of housing and infrastructure and contamination of potable water. Despite massive efforts, more than 40% of the territory remained without electricity as of yearend 2017. As a result of the destruction, many Puerto Ricans have emigrated to the US mainland.
GDP (purchasing power parity):
$127.3 billion (2017 est.)
$131 billion (2016 est.)
$134.5 billion (2015 est.)
note: data are in 2017 dollars
country comparison to the world: 82
GDP (official exchange rate):
$103.2 billion (2017 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
-2.8% (2017 est.)
-2.6% (2016 est.)
-1.1% (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 214
GDP - per capita (PPP):
$37,900 (2017 est.)
$38,400 (2016 est.)
$38,700 (2015 est.)
note: data are in 2017 dollars
country comparison to the world: 50
GDP - composition, by end use:
household consumption: 87.7%
government consumption: 12.2%
investment in fixed capital: 11.7%
investment in inventories: 0.5%
exports of goods and services: 117.8%
imports of goods and services: -129.8% (2017 est.)
GDP - composition, by sector of origin:
agriculture: 0.8%
industry: 50.1%
services: 49.1% (2017 est.)
Agriculture - products:
sugarcane, coffee, pineapples, plantains, bananas; livestock products, chickens
Industries:
pharmaceuticals, electronics, apparel, food products, tourism
Industrial production growth rate:
-2.1% (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 196
Labor force:
1.139 million (December 2014 est)
country comparison to the world: 142
Labor force - by occupation:
agriculture: 2.1%
industry: 19%
services: 79% (2005 est.)
Unemployment rate:
11.5% (2017 est.)
11.8% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 150
Population below poverty line:
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Budget:
revenues: $9.268 billion
expenditures: $9.974 billion (2017 est.)
Taxes and other revenues:
9% of GDP (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 215
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):
-0.7% of GDP (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 53
Public debt:
91.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
91.6% of GDP (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 24
Fiscal year:
1 July - 30 June
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
1.1% (2017 est.)
-0.3% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 47
Commercial bank prime lending rate:
5% (31 December 2017 est.)
4% (31 December 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 145
Market value of publicly traded shares:
$NA
Exports:
$73.16 billion (2017 est.)
$73.2 billion (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 41
Exports - commodities:
chemicals, electronics, apparel, canned tuna, rum, beverage concentrates, medical equipment
Imports:
$49.01 billion (2017 est.)
$48.86 billion (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 51
Imports - commodities:
chemicals, machinery and equipment, clothing, food, fish, petroleum products
Debt - external:
$56.82 billion (31 December 2010 est.)
$52.98 billion (31 December 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 62
Exchange rates:
the US dollar is used

Energy

Electricity access:
population without electricity: 357,805
electrification - total population: 91%
electrification - urban areas: 91%
electrification - rural areas: 80% (2012)
Electricity - production:
20.3 billion kWh (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 75
Electricity - consumption:
18.88 billion kWh (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 72
Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 189
Electricity - imports:
0 kWh (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 193
Electricity - installed generating capacity:
6.118 million kW (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 75
Electricity - from fossil fuels:
94.8% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 56
Electricity - from nuclear fuels:
0% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 173
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:
1.6% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 141
Electricity - from other renewable sources:
4.2% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 104
Crude oil - production:
0 bbl/day (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 186
Crude oil - exports:
0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 181
Crude oil - imports:
0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 181
Crude oil - proved reserves:
0 bbl (1 January 2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 184
Refined petroleum products - production:
0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 190
Refined petroleum products - consumption:
155,000 bbl/day (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 68
Refined petroleum products - exports:
6,274 bbl/day (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 90
Refined petroleum products - imports:
158,800 bbl/day (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 44
Natural gas - production:
0 cu m (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 187
Natural gas - consumption:
2.24 billion cu m (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 84
Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 172
Natural gas - imports:
1.48 billion cu m (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 54
Natural gas - proved reserves:
0 cu m (1 January 2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 188
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:
19 million Mt (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 82

Communications

Telephones - fixed lines:
total subscriptions: 813,546
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 23 (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 86
Telephones - mobile cellular:
total: 3,252,176
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 97 (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 140
Telephone system:
general assessment: modern system integrated with that of the US by high-capacity submarine cable and Intelsat with high-speed data capability
domestic: digital telephone system; mobile-cellular services
international: country code - 1-787, 939; submarine cables provide connectivity to the US, Caribbean, Central and South America; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (2016)
Broadcast media:
more than 30 TV stations operating; cable TV subscription services are available; roughly 125 radio stations (2007)
Internet country code:
.pr
Internet users:
total: 2,873,895
percent of population: 80.3% (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 98

Transportation

Airports:
29 (2013)
country comparison to the world: 119
Airports - with paved runways:
total: 17
over 3,047 m: 2
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 7
under 914 m: 5 (2017)
Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 12
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1
under 914 m: 10 (2013)
Roadways:
total: 26,862 km (includes 454 km of expressways) (2012)
country comparison to the world: 99
Ports and terminals:
major seaport(s): Ensenada Honda, Mayaguez, Playa de Guayanilla, Playa de Ponce, San Juan
container port(s) (TEUs): San Juan (1,484,595)
LNG terminal(s) (import): Guayanilla Bay

Military & Security

Military branches:
no regular indigenous military forces; paramilitary National Guard, Police Force
Military - note:
defense is the responsibility of the US

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international:
increasing numbers of illegal migrants from the Dominican Republic cross the Mona Passage to Puerto Rico each year looking for work

Economic Indicators for Puerto Rico including actual values, historical data, and latest data updates for the Puerto Rico economy.