Macao - Economic Indicators

Economic Overview

Since opening up its locally-controlled casino industry to foreign competition in 2001, Macau has attracted tens of billions of dollars in foreign investment, transforming the territory into one of the world's largest gaming centers. Macau's gaming and tourism businesses were fueled by China's decision to relax travel restrictions on Chinese citizens wishing to visit Macau. In 2016, Macau's gaming-related taxes accounted for more than 76% of total government revenue. Macau's economy slowed dramatically in 2009 as a result of the global economic slowdown, but strong growth...

Continue reading View Factbook for Macao

GDP Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Real Fixed Investment (gross fixed capital formation) 2017 70,737,000,000 78,587,000,000 NCU Annual
Real Investment 2017 70,628,000,000 78,485,000,000 NCU Annual
Nominal Fixed Investment (gross fixed capital formation) 2017 74,792,000,000 78,587,000,000 NCU Annual
Private Consumption 2017 Q4 25,623,000,000 24,325,000,000 MOP, NSA Quarterly
Investment 2017 Q4 21,236,000,000 17,222,000,000 MOP, NSA Quarterly
Nominal Gross Domestic Product 2017 Q4 113,072,000,000 100,435,000,000 MOP, NSA Quarterly
Price Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Consumer Price Index (CPI) May 2018 139.68 139.17 2010=100, NSA Monthly
Labor Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Labor Force Employment Jan 2018 378,300 376,000 #, NSA Monthly
Unemployment 2017 Q4 7,133 7,666 #, NSA Quarterly
Labor Force 2017 Q4 383,533 389,400 #, NSA Quarterly
Unemployment Rate 2017 Q4 1.87 1.97 %, NSA Quarterly
Wage & Salaries 2016 18,118,415,110 16,920,363,338 NCU Annual
Trade Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Real Exports of Goods and Services 2017 317,733,000,000 275,583,000,000 NCU Annual
Real Imports of Goods and Services 2017 128,545,000,000 125,037,000,000 NCU Annual
Exports of Goods and Services 2017 Q4 89,619,000,000 81,103,000,000 MOP, NSA Quarterly
Imports of Goods and Services 2017 Q4 37,089,000,000 31,770,000,000 MOP, NSA Quarterly
Imports of Goods 2017 11,529,178,727 11,549,150,590 USD Annual
Current Account Balance 2017 16,761,391,214 12,362,062,380 USD Annual
Exports of Goods 2017 1,726,190,572 1,542,304,264 USD Annual
Balance of Goods 2017 -9,802,988,155 -10,006,846,325 USD Annual
Markets Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Money Market Rate Aug 2018 1.53 1.71 % p.a., NSA Monthly
Demographics Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Net Migration 2017 25,000 # Annual
Population 2017 622,567 612,167 # Annual
Birth Rate 2016 12.15 11.99 # per Ths. pop. Annual
Death Rate 2016 3.81 3.75 # per Ths. pop. Annual

Factbook

Background

Background:
Colonized by the Portuguese in the 16th century, Macau was the first European settlement in the Far East. Pursuant to an agreement signed by China and Portugal on 13 April 1987, Macau became the Macau Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China on 20 December 1999. In this agreement, China promised that, under its "one country, two systems" formula, China's political and economic system would not be imposed on Macau, and that Macau would enjoy a "high degree of autonomy" in all matters except foreign affairs and defense for the subsequent 50 years.

Geography

Location:
Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China
Geographic coordinates:
22 10 N, 113 33 E
Map references:
Southeast Asia
Area:
total: 28.2 sq km
land: 28.2 sq km
water: 0 sq km
country comparison to the world: 238
Area - comparative:
less than one-sixth the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries:
total: 3 km
regional border(s) (1): China 3 km
Coastline:
41 km
Maritime claims:
not specified
Climate:
subtropical; marine with cool winters, warm summers
Terrain:
generally flat
Elevation:
mean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
highest point: Alto Coloane 172 m
Natural resources:
NEGL
Land use:
agricultural land: 0%
arable land 0%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0%
forest: 0%
other: 100% (urban area) (2011 est.)
Irrigated land:
0 sq km (2012)
Population - distribution:
population fairly equally distributed
Natural hazards:
typhoons
Environment - current issues:
air pollution; coastal waters pollution; insufficient policies in reducing and recycling solid wastes; increasing population density worsening noise pollution
Environment - international agreements:
party to: Marine Dumping (associate member), Ship Pollution (associate member)
Geography - note:
essentially urban; an area of land reclaimed from the sea measuring 5.2 sq km and known as Cotai now connects the islands of Coloane and Taipa; the island area is connected to the mainland peninsula by three bridges

People & Society

Population:
601,969 (July 2017 est.)
note: Macau's statistical agency estimated the total population to be approximately 648,550 as of September 2017
country comparison to the world: 170
Nationality:
noun: Chinese
adjective: Chinese
Ethnic groups:
Chinese 88.7%, Portuguese 1.1%, mixed 1.1%, other 9.2% (includes Macanese - mixed Portuguese and Asian ancestry) (2016 est.)
Languages:
Cantonese 80.1%, Mandarin 5.5%, other Chinese dialects 5.3%, Tagalog 3%, English 2.8%, Portuguese 0.6%, other 2.8%
note: Chinese and Portuguese are official languages (2016 est.)
Religions:
folk religion 58.9%, Buddhist 17.3%, Christian 7.2%, other 1.2%, none 15.4% (2010 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 14.1% (male 44,133/female 40,764)
15-24 years: 11.73% (male 37,194/female 33,418)
25-54 years: 50.1% (male 134,244/female 167,318)
55-64 years: 13.5% (male 40,837/female 40,423)
65 years and over: 10.57% (male 29,764/female 33,874) (2017 est.)
population pyramid:
Dependency ratios:
total dependency ratio: 26.6
youth dependency ratio: 15.7
elderly dependency ratio: 10.9
potential support ratio: 9.2 (2015 est.)
Median age:
total: 39.3 years
male: 39.5 years
female: 39.1 years (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 56
Population growth rate:
0.74% (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 138
Birth rate:
8.6 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 216
Death rate:
4.5 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 205
Net migration rate:
3.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 32
Population distribution:
population fairly equally distributed
Urbanization:
urban population: 100% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.39% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.11 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.8 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
total population: 0.91 male(s)/female (2017 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
total: 3.1 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 214
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 84.6 years
male: 81.6 years
female: 87.7 years (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 4
Total fertility rate:
0.95 children born/woman (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 223
Physicians density:
2.41 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
NA
Education expenditures:
3% of GDP (2015)
country comparison to the world: 148
Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96.5%
male: 98.2%
female: 95% (2016 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 15 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2015)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:
total: 4.5%
male: 5.7%
female: 3.8% (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 150

Government

Country name:
conventional long form: Macau Special Administrative Region
conventional short form: Macau
official long form: Aomen Tebie Xingzhengqu (Chinese); Regiao Administrativa Especial de Macau (Portuguese)
official short form: Aomen (Chinese); Macau (Portuguese)
etymology: name is thought to derive from the A-Ma Temple - built in 1488 and dedicated to Mazu, the goddess of seafarers and fishermen - which is referred to locally as "Maa Gok" - and in Portuguese became "Macau"; the Chinese name Aomen means "inlet gates"
Dependency status:
special administrative region of the People's Republic of China
Government type:
presidential limited democracy; a special administrative region of the People's Republic of China
Administrative divisions:
none (special administrative region of the People's Republic of China)
Independence:
none (special administrative region of China)
National holiday:
National Day (anniversary of the Founding of the People's Republic of China), 1 October (1949); note - 20 December (1999) is celebrated as Macau Special Administrative Region Establishment Day
Constitution:
history: previous 1976 (Organic Statute of Macau, under Portuguese authority); latest adopted 31 March 1993, effective 20 December 1999 (Basic Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China serves as Macau's constitution)
amendments: proposed by the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPC), the People’s Republic of China State Council, and the Macau Special Administrative Region; submittal of proposals to the NPC requires two-thirds majority vote by the Legislative Assembly of Macau, approval by two-thirds of Macau's deputies to the NPC, and consent of the Macau chief executive; final passage requires approval by the NPC; amended 2005, 2012 (2018)
Legal system:
civil law system based on the Portuguese model
Citizenship:
see China
Suffrage:
18 years of age in direct elections for some legislative positions, universal for permanent residents living in Macau for the past 7 years; note - indirect elections are limited to organizations registered as "corporate voters" and an election committee for the chief executive drawn from broad regional groupings, municipal organizations, central government bodies, and elected Macau officials
Executive branch:
chief of state: President of China XI Jinping (since 14 March 2013)
head of government: Chief Executive Fernando CHUI Sai On (since 20 December 2009)
cabinet: Executive Council appointed by the chief executive
elections/appointments: president indirectly elected by National People's Congress for a 5-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 5-17 March 2013 (next to be held in March 2018);chief executive chosen by a 400-member Election Committee for a 5-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 29 August 2014 (next to be held in 2019); note - the Legislative Assembly in August 2012 voted to expand the Election Committee to 400 from 300 seats for the 2014 election
election results: Fernando CHUI Sai On reelected chief executive; Election Committee vote count - 380 of 396
Legislative branch:
description: unicameral Legislative Council or Regiao Administrativa Especial de Macau (33 seats; 14 members directly elected by proportional representation vote, 12 indirectly elected by an electoral college of professional and commercial interest groups, and 7 appointed by the chief executive; members serve 4-year terms)
elections: last held on 17 September 2017 (next to be held in 2021)
election results: percent of vote - UMG 10%, UPD 9.7%, ACUM 8.6%, NE 8.3%, UPP 7.2, ANMD 6.6%, NUDM 6.1%, ACDM 5.9%, APMD 5.8%, Civic Watch 5.6%, ABL 5.5%, ANPM 5.3%, other 15.4%; seats by political group - UMG 2, UPD 2, ABL 1, ACDM 1, ACUM 1, ANMD 1, ANPM 1, APMD 1, Civic Watch 1, NE 1, NUDM 1, UPP 1; 12 seats filled by professional and business groups; 7 members appointed by the chief executive
Judicial branch:
highest court(s): Court of Final Appeal of Macau Special Administrative Region (consists of the court president and 2 associate justices)
judge selection and term of office: justices appointed by the Macau chief executive upon the recommendation of an independent commission of judges, lawyers, and "eminent" persons; judge tenure NA
subordinate courts: Court of Second Instance; Court of First instance; Lower Court; Administrative Court
Political parties and leaders:
Alliance for Change or APM [Melinda CHAN Mei-yi]
Alliance for a Happy Home or ABL [WONG Kit-cheng] (an electoral list of UPP)
Civic Watch or Civico [Agnes LAM Iok-fong]
Macau-Guangdong Union or UMG [MAK Soi-kun]
Macau Citizens' Development Association or ACDM [Becky SONG Pek-kei] (an electoral list of ACUM)
New Democratic Macau Association or ANMD [AU Kam-san]
New Hope or NE [Jose Maria Pereira COUTINHO]
New Macau Association or AMN [Sulu SOU Ka-hou]
New Union for Macau's Development or NUDM [Angela LEONG On-kei]
Prosperous Democratic Macau Association or APMD (an electoral list of the AMN)
Union for Development or UPD [Ella LEI Cheng-I]
Union for Promoting Progress or UPP [HO Ion-sang]
United Citizens Association of Macau or ACUM [CHAN Meng-kam]
note: there is no political party ordinance, so there are no registered political parties; politically active groups register as societies or companies
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Bar-Bending Workers' Association [WONG Wai-Man]
Democratic Action [LEE Kin-yun]
Macau New Chinese Youth Association (Associacao de Nova Juventude Chinesa de Macau) or ANJCM [LEONG Sin-man]
Macau Workers' Union [HO Heng-kuok]
New Macau Association [Antonio NG Kuok-cheong]
Workers' Self-Help Union [CHEONG Weng-fat]
International organization participation:
ICC (national committees), IHO, IMF, IMO (associate), Interpol (subbureau), ISO (correspondent), UNESCO (associate), UNWTO (associate), UPU, WCO, WMO, WTO
Diplomatic representation in the US:
none (Special Administrative Region of China)
Diplomatic representation from the US:
the US has no offices in Macau; US Consulate General in Hong Kong is accredited to Macau
Flag description:
green with a lotus flower above a stylized bridge and water in white, beneath an arc of five gold, five-pointed stars: one large in the center of the arc and two smaller on either side; the lotus is the floral emblem of Macau, the three petals represent the peninsula and two islands that make up Macau; the five stars echo those on the flag of China
National symbol(s):
lotus blossom; national colors: green, white, yellow
National anthem:
note: as a Special Administrative Region of China, "Yiyongjun Jinxingqu" is the official anthem (see China)

Economy

Economy - overview:
Since opening up its locally-controlled casino industry to foreign competition in 2001, Macau has attracted tens of billions of dollars in foreign investment, transforming the territory into one of the world's largest gaming centers. Macau's gaming and tourism businesses were fueled by China's decision to relax travel restrictions on Chinese citizens wishing to visit Macau. In 2016, Macau's gaming-related taxes accounted for more than 76% of total government revenue.
Macau's economy slowed dramatically in 2009 as a result of the global economic slowdown, but strong growth resumed in the 2010-13 period, largely on the back of tourism from mainland China and the gaming sectors. In 2015, this city of 646,800 hosted nearly 30.7 million visitors. Almost 67% came from mainland China. Macau's traditional manufacturing industry has slowed greatly since the termination of the Multi-Fiber Agreement in 2005. Services export — primarily gaming — increasingly has driven Macau’s economic performance. Mainland China’s anti-corruption campaign brought Macau’s gambling boom to a halt in 2014, with spending in casinos contracting 34.3% in 2015. As a result, Macau's inflation-adjusted GDP contracted 21.5% in 2015 and another 2.1% in 2016 - down from double-digit expansion rates in the period 2010-13 - but the economy recovered handsomely in 2017.
Macau continues to face the challenges of managing its growing casino industry, risks from money-laundering activities, and the need to diversify the economy away from heavy dependence on gaming revenues. Macau's currency, the pataca, is closely tied to the Hong Kong dollar, which is also freely accepted in the territory.
GDP (purchasing power parity):
$73.58 billion (2017 est.)
$64.86 billion (2016 est.)
$66.28 billion (2015 est.)
note: data are in 2017 dollars
country comparison to the world: 97
GDP (official exchange rate):
$51.16 billion (2017 est.)
GDP - real growth rate:
13.4% (2017 est.)
-2.1% (2016 est.)
-21.5% (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 2
GDP - per capita (PPP):
$114,400 (2017 est.)
$100,600 (2016 est.)
$102,400 (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 4
GDP - composition, by end use:
household consumption: 24.5%
government consumption: 9.4%
investment in fixed capital: 17.7%
investment in inventories: 0%
exports of goods and services: 79.3%
imports of goods and services: -30.8% (2017 est.)
GDP - composition, by sector of origin:
agriculture: 0%
industry: 11.3%
services: 88.7% (2016 est.)
Agriculture - products:
only 2% of land area is cultivated, mainly by vegetable growers; fishing, mostly for crustaceans, is important; some of the catch is exported to Hong Kong
Industries:
tourism, gambling, clothing, textiles, electronics, footwear, toys
Industrial production growth rate:
2% (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 138
Labor force:
400,000 (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 160
Labor force - by occupation:
manufacturing: 2.5%
construction: 9.8%
transport and communications: 4.4%
wholesale and retail trade: 12.4%
restaurants and hotels: 15%
gambling: 25.9%
public sector: 7.1%
financial services: 2.6%
other services: 20.3% (2013 est.)
Unemployment rate:
2% (2017 est.)
1.9% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 14
Population below poverty line:
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Distribution of family income - Gini index:
35 (2013 est.)
38 (2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 98
Budget:
revenues: $14.24 billion
expenditures: $10.55 billion (2017 est.)
Taxes and other revenues:
27.8% of GDP (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 97
Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):
7.2% of GDP (2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 4
Public debt:
0% of GDP (2016 est.)
0% of GDP (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 207
Fiscal year:
calendar year
Inflation rate (consumer prices):
1.5% (2017 est.)
2.4% (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 64
Commercial bank prime lending rate:
5.5% (31 December 2017 est.)
5.25% (31 December 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 134
Stock of narrow money:
$8.993 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$7.783 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 87
Stock of broad money:
$77.31 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$66.57 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 61
Stock of domestic credit:
$20.18 billion (31 December 2017 est.)
$17.16 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 91
Market value of publicly traded shares:
$85.5 billion (2 March 2012 est.)
$46.1 billion (31 February 2011 est.)
$2.3 billion (31 December 2008 est.)
country comparison to the world: 43
Current account balance:
$16.86 billion (2017 est.)
$12.31 billion (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 18
Exports:
$1.137 billion (2013 est.)
$1.959 billion (2015 est.)
note: includes reexports
country comparison to the world: 154
Exports - commodities:
clothing, textiles, footwear, toys, electronics, machinery and parts
Exports - partners:
Hong Kong 64.1%, China 20.2% (2016)
Imports:
$0 (2014 est.)
$13.52 billion (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 221
Imports - commodities:
raw materials and semi-manufactured goods, consumer goods (foodstuffs, beverages, tobacco, garments and footwear, motor vehicles), capital goods, mineral fuels and oils
Imports - partners:
China 36.7%, Hong Kong 8.6%, Italy 7.9%, Switzerland 7.6%, France 7.4%, Japan 6.3%, US 5.8% (2016)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:
$19.49 billion (31 December 2016 est.)
$18.89 billion (31 December 2015 est.)
note: the Fiscal Reserves Act that came into force on 1 January 2012 requires the fiscal reserves to be separated from the foreign exchange reserves and to be managed separately; the transfer of assets took place in February 2012
country comparison to the world: 62
Debt - external:
$0 (31 December 2013 est.)
$0 (31 December 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 205
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home:
$18.91 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
$14.91 billion (31 December 2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 81
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad:
$1.166 billion (2012 est.)
$667.8 million (2011 est.)
country comparison to the world: 84
Exchange rates:
patacas (MOP) per US dollar -
8 (2017 est.)
8 (2016 est.)
8 (2015 est.)
7.99 (2014 est.)
7.99 (2013 est.)

Energy

Electricity access:
population without electricity: 59,742
electrification - total population: 91%
electrification - urban areas: 91%
electrification - rural areas: 72% (2012)
Electricity - production:
904 million kWh (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 156
Electricity - consumption:
4.834 billion kWh (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 123
Electricity - exports:
0 kWh (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 164
Electricity - imports:
4.306 billion kWh (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 44
Electricity - installed generating capacity:
472,000 kW (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 148
Electricity - from fossil fuels:
100% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 11
Electricity - from nuclear fuels:
0% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 134
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:
0% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 185
Electricity - from other renewable sources:
0% of total installed capacity (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 196
Crude oil - production:
0 bbl/day (2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 164
Crude oil - exports:
0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 157
Crude oil - imports:
0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 154
Crude oil - proved reserves:
0 bbl (1 January 2017 est.)
country comparison to the world: 161
Refined petroleum products - production:
0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 168
Refined petroleum products - consumption:
12,700 bbl/day (2015 est.)
country comparison to the world: 156
Refined petroleum products - exports:
0 bbl/day (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 175
Refined petroleum products - imports:
10,760 bbl/day (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 141
Natural gas - production:
0 cu m (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 163
Natural gas - consumption:
355,000 cu m (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 115
Natural gas - exports:
0 cu m (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 142
Natural gas - imports:
371,000 cu m (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 78
Natural gas - proved reserves:
0 cu m (1 January 2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 165
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:
1.8 million Mt (2013 est.)
country comparison to the world: 154

Communications

Telephones - fixed lines:
total: 142,000
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 24 (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 135
Telephones - mobile cellular:
total: 1,969,972
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 327 (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 152
Telephone system:
general assessment: fairly modern communication facilities maintained for domestic and international services
domestic: termination of monopoly over mobile-cellular telephone services in 2001 spurred sharp increase in subscriptions with mobile-cellular teledensity exceeding 300 per 100 persons; fixed-line subscribership appears to have peaked and is now in decline
international: country code - 853; landing point for the SEA-ME-WE-3 submarine cable network that provides links to Asia, the Middle East, and Europe; HF radiotelephone communication facility; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean) (2016)
Broadcast media:
local government dominates broadcast media; 2 television stations operated by the government with one broadcasting in Portuguese and the other in Cantonese and Mandarin; 1 cable TV and 4 satellite TV services available; 3 radio stations broadcasting, of which 2 are government-operated (2015)
Internet country code:
.mo
Internet users:
total: 460,000
percent of population: 77.6% (July 2016 est.)
country comparison to the world: 151

Transportation

National air transport system:
number of registered air carriers: 1 (registered in China)
inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 17 (registered in China)
annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 2,276,436
annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 25.435 million mt-km (2015)
Civil aircraft registration country code prefix:
B-M (2016)
Airports:
1 (2013)
country comparison to the world: 224
Airports - with paved runways:
total: 1
over 3,047 m: 1 (2017)
Heliports:
2 (2013)
Roadways:
total: 427.4 km
paved: 427.4 km (2016)
country comparison to the world: 200
Merchant marine:
total: 1
by type: other 1 (2017)
country comparison to the world: 175
Ports and terminals:
major seaport(s): Macau

Military & Security

Military branches:
no regular indigenous military forces
Military - note:
defense is the responsibility of China

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international:
none
Illicit drugs:
transshipment point for drugs going into mainland China; consumer of opiates and amphetamines

Economic Indicators for Macao including actual values, historical data, and latest data updates for the Macao economy.