Russian Federation - Births

Russian Federation: Births

Mnemonic BTH.IRUS
Unit #, NSA
Adjustments Not Seasonally Adjusted
Monthly 5.42 %
Data Mar 2019 117,793
Feb 2019 111,739

Series Information

Source Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat)
Release Demographics
Frequency Monthly
Start Date 5/31/2014
End Date 3/31/2019

Russian Federation: Demographics

Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Births Mar 2019 117,793 111,739 #, NSA Monthly
Deaths Mar 2019 151,076 142,287 #, NSA Monthly
Population Jan 2019 146.78 146.8 Mil. #, NSA Monthly
Net Migration 2017 799,998 # Annual
Birth Rate 2016 12.9 # per Ths. pop. Annual
Death Rate 2016 12.9 # per Ths. pop. Annual

Release Information

Population censuses are primary sources of data related to population. The latest All-Russia Population Census was conducted in 2002 as of October 9.

Data on the total population size, distribution by age groups are given for resident population covering permanent inhabitants of the given territory, including temporary absentees during the census period.

Population is comprised of urban and rural population according to their place of residence. Settlements are treated by the legislation as belonging to the urban category and are regarded as urban settlements. All other settlements are considered as rural.

The registration of such events as births, deaths, marriages and divorces are received on the basis of annual processing of data contained in the records on birth, death, marriages and divorces respectively filed in by civil registrar offices. Only live births are recorded.

Since 1997, the data on marriages and divorces have been obtained on the basis of the registrar records.

The minimum age for marriages in the Russian Federation set by the law is 18 years both for males and for females. In some cases, according to the decision of local authorities, it may be reduced although not more than by 2 years.

The date of marriage is the date of its registration in the civil registrar offices. Marriage is considered dissolved from the moment of divorce registration.

The source of information on the causes of death is represented by inscriptions in the death certificates issued by physicians concerning diseases, accidents, homicides, suicide or other external causes (injuries caused by actions envisaged by law, non-specified injuries - seldom or planned, injuries as a result of military actions) being the cause of death. The inscriptions are then sent to state statistical bodies for compilation tabulation.

Crude birth and death rates are computed as a ratio, correspondingly, of the number of live births and deaths during a calendar year to the mid-year present population. They are computed in promilles (per 1000 of population).

Natural increase rate is the difference of crude birth and death rates. It is computed in promille (per 1000 of population).

Total nuptiality rates are computed as a ratio of the number of marriages registered during a calendar year to the number of divorces within this time span as compared to mid-year population. Similar to crude birth and death rates, nuptiality rate is computed in promille (per 1000 of population).

Mid-year population is computed as an arithmetic mean of population at the beginning and the end of the corresponding year.

Total vital statistics rates are used, as a rule, for estimation of current population changes in general (i.e. for estimating population size changes). Alongside with total birth and death rates, a set of specific indicators and coefficients are used to get expanded (complete) characteristics of demographic situation.

Among them:

life expectancy at birth, is a mean number of years to be lived by a person from a hypothetical cohort, assuming the mortality level for every age remains the same as in the years for which the rate is computed;

death rates by causes is a ratio of deaths by causes specified to mid-year present population (by current estimates). They are computed per 100 000 of population;

infant mortality rates are computed as a sum of two components, the first of which shows the ratio of the number of deaths under one year from the generation born in the year for which the rate is computed, and the second component shows the ratio of deaths under one year of infants from the generation born in the preceding year, to the total number of births of the preceding year. This rate is computed in promille (per 1000 of live births).

Data may be subject to revisions

Starting April 2014, the source presents demographic data incorporating the Crimean Federal District.