Denmark - Labor Force

Denmark: Labor Force

Mnemonic LBF.IDNK
Unit Ths., SA
Adjustments Seasonally Adjusted
Quarterly 0.2 %
Data 2019 Q1 2,956
2018 Q4 2,950

Series Information

Source Statistics Denmark
Release Labor Force Survey
Frequency Quarterly
Start Date 3/31/1996
End Date 3/31/2019

Denmark: Labor

Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Unemployment Jul 2019 104,915 104,957 #, SA Monthly
Unemployment Rate Jul 2019 3.8 3.8 % of Labor Force, SA Monthly
Primary Industries Employment 2019 Q2 68,474 68,527 #, SA Quarterly
Wage & Salaries 2019 Q2 297,611 296,078 Mil. DKK, SA Quarterly
Labor Force 2019 Q1 2,956 2,950 Ths., SA Quarterly
Labor Force Employment 2019 Q1 2,799 2,797 Ths., SA Quarterly
Total Employment 2019 Q1 2,799 2,797 Ths., SA Quarterly
Secondary Industries Employment 2017 571,618 563,845 # Annual
Tertiary Industries Employment 2017 2,391,884 2,384,010 # Annual
Agriculture Employment 2016 76,578 73,196 # Annual

Release Information

The Labor Force Survey describes the labor market status of the Danish population. The population is classified into employed, unemployed or economically inactive people (outside the labor force).

Furthermore, the survey provides detailed data on, for example hours worked, conditions of employment, job search, and participation in courses and other education, for example in-service training or school courses. Consequently the survey can, among other things, estimate the number of employed people who work at home regularly; how many self-employed people who work during weekends; or how many people have found their job with the help of a public employment office.

Statistical Concepts

The main variable in the Labor Force Survey is the labor market status of the population.

The survey classifies people into two main categories: people in the labor force and people outside the labor force. Furthermore, people in the labor force are categorized as either employed or unemployed. Conscripts are considered as employed.

The classification of respondents is based on their labor market status and follows EU definitions and recommendations from the International Labor Organization (ILO) definitions: Every respondent is interviewed about one specific reference week. All questions on work, working hours, unemployment etc. relates to this specific week.

Employed are all people, who in the reference week worked for payment or worked as self-employed or family workers for at least one hour. People temporarily absent perhaps due to vacation, illness, or maternity leave are considered to be employed.

Unemployed are all people without employment, who have actively been looking for work in the past four weeks prior to the reference week and who are able to begin a job within two weeks after the reference week ends. Active job-search methods include contact with a public employment office, applications to employers, contact with friends, relatives or trade unions, or for example studying or answering advertisements in newspapers or journals. Looking for permits, licenses, financial resources, land, premises or equipment for potential self-employment are also considered as active job search.

Everyone else is categorized outside the labor force.

Purpose and History

The purpose of the Labor Force Survey is giving a description of the labor market status of the Danish population. This description includes a classification of people into employed, unemployed or outside the labour force (economically inactive). The Labor Force Survey also manages to measure information like how many people are working part time; how many hours men in their 30s or 40s usually work; or how many elderly people outside the labour market would like to have a job.

The survey follows international guidelines from the International Labor Organization (ILO) on statistics on labour market status of populations.

Labor Force Surveys are carried out in every European country as well as in many other countries around the world following common concepts and guidelines. This makes the Labor Force Survey the best Danish survey for international comparisons on labor market statistics.

The Danish Labor Force Survey has been conducted yearly since 1984, and from 1994 the survey has been conducted continuously throughout the year. From January 2007 the survey has been expanded considerably and the data collection process has been outsourced.

Sample size
The Labor Forces Survey is based on a quarterly sample of approximately 37,000 people aged 15 to 74. The sample is divided into 13 sub-samples of equal size, one for each week in the interview quarter, and people are interviewed with reference to one of the reference weeks.

The survey entity is individuals.

Data collection
The Labor Force Survey is based on telephone interviews and are conducted every day, every week, and all year.

The survey is a rotating panel survey including four waves each quarter. Due to the design respondents participate in the survey several times. During one and a half years respondents participate four times. First in two quarters in a row, then an interval of two quarters and then participations in two quarters again. The purpose is to be able to measure both quarterly and yearly changes of employment and unemployment.

The statistics comprise all unemployed persons insured against unemployment and non-insured persons included in the visitation category 1 and 3 (= available for work), who are claiming cash benefits under the Danish Social Assistance Act and who fulfill the international definition of unemployment. The gross unemployed population is defined as the sum of the registered (net-) unemployed population and persons in activation programs and who are, at the same time, considered to be available for work.

The data sources of the statistics are: The Register for Labor Market (RAM) and direct data reports from the municipalities/STAR concerning the match/visitation category and the scope of activation of recipients claiming social assistance. The statistics on the registered number of net unemployed have been compiled by Statistics Denmark since 1979.

Stratified sampling and weighting
In order to measure unemployment adequately, former unemployed people are selected with a higher probability than others. The sample size consists of approximately one fifth earlier registered unemployed, due to the coherence between people registered as unemployed in an earlier quarter and in the present one. The purpose is to ensure a sufficient number of observations of unemployed people to be able to make proper analysis of them. This stratification is taken into account in the weighting of the results.

Furthermore, in weighting the following distributions are taken into account: gender, age, registered unemployment, income, socio-economic status, education, immigration, region and mobility.

Starting with Q3 2010 the main figures of the Danish LFS are seasonally adjusted. The main figures are: Employed, unemployed and persons outside the labor force, giving the general labour market attachment of the population. The series go back to Q1 1995, and the entire period is used for the seasonal adjustment. The program used is X-12-Arima, and logarithmic transformation is applied on all three series. Only aggregate levels are seasonally adjusted.

The above sections provide excerpts from the Statistics Denmark Declaration of Contents for their Labor Force Survey. For the full Declaration of contents, see the following link: