Estonia - Births

Estonia: Births

Mnemonic BTH.IEST
Unit #, NSA
Adjustments Not Seasonally Adjusted
Monthly 7.76 %
Data Dec 2022 784
Nov 2022 850

Series Information

Source Statistics Estonia
Release Vital events by municipality
Frequency Monthly
Start Date 1/31/2001
End Date 12/31/2022

Estonia: Demographics

Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Births Dec 2022 784 850 #, NSA Monthly
Population 2022 1,331,796 1,330,068 # Annual
Deaths Dec 2021 1,664 1,734 #, NSA Monthly
Net Migration 2017 -4,999 # Annual
Birth Rate 2016 10.7 # per Ths. pop. Annual
Death Rate 2011 11.5 # per Ths. pop. Annual

Release Information

Statistics on births, deaths, marriages and divorces cover both registered events of Estonian citizens and non-citizens, as well as the vital events of Estonian citizens registered in the representations of Estonia. The data do not cover events which were registered in Estonia or in the representations of Estonia, in the case of which the place of residence of the person was abroad.


  • Data dimension: Date of occurrence, date of registration
  • Measurement: Unitary count of events (#)
  • Adjustment: Not seasonally adjusted
  • Native frequencies: Monthly, annual
  • Start date: 2017m1
  • Geo coverage:
    • Country (IEST)
    • Municipality (IEST_00nn)
    • National capital, Tallinn (IEST_00784)
    • Unknown (IEST_UNKNO)


  • Prior geo classification, 1989 to 2016

The source writes:


The data are derived from statistical accounting records of birth registration, which are filled in together with compiling the birth certificate. The basis for yearly processing of the birth data is the birth date of the child. Birth must be registered within one month after childbirth. If the child has been registered in Estonia, then the child’s place of residence is always the same as the mother’s place of residence. If the mother’s place of residence is outside of Estonia or is unknown, but the father’s place of residence is in Estonia and is known, then the child’s place of residence will be the father’s place of residence. If the place of residence of both parents is unknown, then the child’s place of residence is the place of the registration of the birth. Since 1994 the statistical birth forms are also completed by the representations of Estonia. Of live births that are registered abroad, only the births in the case of which the mother’s place of residence is in Estonia are included in the total number of Estonian births. The birth tables include data only on live births.


Death must be registered within three days. The processing of the data on deaths is based on the date of the death. Deaths, which are registered later than in January of the year following the year of death, will be added to the data of the registration year in statistical processing. The deaths of Estonian citizens whose place of residence is abroad and whose death is registered abroad are excluded. Also deaths of foreign citizens who died in Estonia but whose place of residence is outside Estonia, are excluded. The place where the death was registered is used in cases the place of residence of a dead person is unknown.

Marriages and divorces

Marriage and divorce statistics were based on statistical forms filled in simultane­ously with the records. From the beginning of 1995, by the new Family Act, divorces can be registered and statistical forms can be filled in also in courts. Since 1 December 2001 ministers of religion also have a licence to compile marriage records and issue marriage certificates.


Regional data are published with a one-month lag relative to national statistics.

Annual revision is conducted based upon processing of events not registered within the given period of the event category (above).

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