Estonia - Population

Estonia: Population

Mnemonic POP.IEST
Unit #
Annual 0.13 %
Data 2022 1,331,796
2021 1,330,068

Series Information

Source Statistics Estonia
Release Population
Frequency Annual
Start Date 12/31/1970
End Date 12/31/2022

Estonia: Demographics

Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Births Feb 2023 781 890 #, NSA Monthly
Population 2022 1,331,796 1,330,068 # Annual
Deaths Dec 2021 1,664 1,734 #, NSA Monthly
Net Migration 2017 -4,999 # Annual
Birth Rate 2016 10.7 # per Ths. pop. Annual
Death Rate 2011 11.5 # per Ths. pop. Annual

Release Information

The Population Census covers: 1) persons who were in the Republic of Estonia at the moment of the Census, except for diplomatic staff of foreign diplomatic missions and consular posts and their family members and persons in active service in a foreign army; 2) persons, who reside in the Republic of Estonia but who were in foreign states temporarily for a term of up to one year; 3) diplomatic staff of diplomatic missions and consular posts of the Republic of Estonia and their family members, who were in a foreign state at the moment of the Census.

Population statistics are based on population censuses and registered changes of the population — births, deaths, marriages, divorces and changes of residence (migration). From 2000 the results of the 2000 Population and Housing Census are used as the basis for the population estimation. The results of the 2000 Population and Housing Census show that the quality of the migration data is low and therefore the migration data were not used in the estimation of the population. Rates are also adjusted according to revised number of population. Persons whose permanent place of residence was in Estonia are counted as the resident population of Estonia irrespective of whether they stayed at the moment of Census in their permanent residence or not. 

The numbers of population for the years 1990-1999 are revised based upon the 2000 Population and Housing Census. The scope of annual publication revisions is not standardized, however revisions are included in Moody's Analytics's databases when applicable.

There is a break in geography scope starting in 2016.  This includes the methodological change of using the place of residence marked in the Population Register as the place of residence. Due to the continuously increasing life expectancy, Statistics Estonia now publishes population indicators until the age 100+ (instead of the previous 85+). In the population of local government, the population of city districts has also been distinguished. In the Statistical Database, “County unknown” is used to categorize persons who were active in various registers in Estonia but who do not have their place of residence marked in the Population Register.

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