Estonia - Dwelling Stocks

Estonia: Dwelling Stocks

Mnemonic HSTK.IEST
Unit Ths. #
Annual 8.57 %
Data 2020 7.6
2019 7

Series Information

Source Statistics Estonia
Release Building Permits & Completed Dwellings (A)
Frequency Annual
Start Date 12/31/1990
End Date 12/31/2020

Estonia: Real Estate

Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Building Completions 2022 Q4 1,829 1,563 #, NSA Quarterly
Building Permits 2022 Q4 1,850 1,378 #, SA Quarterly
House Price Index 2022 Q4 299.18 303 Index 2010=100, SA Quarterly
Residential Building Permits 2022 Q4 1,927 1,519 #, NSA Quarterly
Non-residential Building Completions 2021 1,136 1,352 # Annual
Residential Building Completions 2021 6,735 7,579 # Annual
Dwelling Stocks 2020 7.6 7 Ths. # Annual
Non-residential Building Permits 2009 29.03 # Annual

Release Information

For Estonia, stage of construction data (building permits and construction completed) are based on the Construction Works Register. Residential and non-residential; structural typology; counts of permits, buildings and dwellings; floor area and volume; quarterly and annual.


  • Measurements:
    • Unitary count (#)
    • Square meters (m²)
    • Cubic meters (m³)
    • Euros (EUR)
  • Adjustment: Not applicable
  • Native frequency: Annual
  • Start date: As early as 1992
  • Geo coverage:
    • Country
    • NUTS 3 (IEST_^^^)
    • LAU 1 (all 15 IEST_00nnn)

Predecessor definitions:

  • Annual, prior to 2017 territorial reform - 1993 to 2017 ("_G17")
  • Annual - 1998 to 2014 (no specifier)

A building permit issued for the expansion or reconstruction of a construction works also grants the right to modify the utility systems of the construction works.

A building permit issued for the expansion of a construction works also grants the right to reconstruct the construction works.

A building permit is issued for the completed building as a whole. The building permit can also be issued for a part of the building, if it is possible to use it functionally and safely. The building permit issued for a part of the building is valid until the building permit has been issued for the building as a whole. While issuing the building permit for the building, the building permit issued previously for a part of the building and the documents submitted for issuing the building permit are taken into account.

Data are provided by the Statistics Estonia and sourced from the information provided by the Construction Works Register.


The source writes:

Construction works, which is permanently attached to the ground, has a roof, envelope structure and interior space.
Building permit
the consent granted by a local government for:
  • the erection of a construction works, and of civil engineering works necessary to service the construction works, on the land unit specified in the building permit,
  • the expansion of the construction works or a part thereof specified in the building permit,
  • the reconstruction of the construction works or a part thereof specified in the building permit,
  • the demolition of the construction works or a part thereof specified in the building permit.
A building permit becomes invalid if building is not commenced within two years as of the date of issue of the building permit.
Civil engineering works
Constructions which are not classified under buildings: railways, roads, bridges, etc.
Construction completed
The agreement on the part of a local government that a completed construction works or a part thereof conforms to the requirements prescribed for such construction works and that it may be used for the intended purpose.
Construction started
Owner's statement to a local government for actual start of the construction works.
A one-family house, section of a two-family or a terraced house, or a flat, which consists of one or more rooms, meets sanitary engineering requirements and is suitable for permanent residence.
Floor area of dwellings
Total floor area of functionally united rooms (bedrooms, dining rooms, living rooms, etc.) and secondary rooms (kitchen, hall, bathroom, toilet, pantry, storage room, built-in cupboards, etc.) necessary or suitable for living in.
Non-residential building
A building not intended for permanent residence.
Residential building
A building, of which all or at least half of area is intended for permanent residence (one-family dwelling, two-family dwelling, terraced house or any other multifamily house). Summerhouses, youth hostels, motels, campsites and other buildings which are intended for relaxation and temporary residence are not considered residential buildings.



Concurrent with dissemination of 2018 results, the source advanced the reported geos, consistent with the 2017 Administrative-Territorial Reform.

Concurrent with dissemination of 2014 results, the source increased the reporting frequency from annual to quarterly.