Italy - Total Employment

Italy: Total Employment

Mnemonic ETOT.IITA
Unit Ths. #, SA
Adjustments Seasonally Adjusted
Quarterly 0.24 %
Data 2020 Q4 22,889
2020 Q3 22,834

Series Information

Source Italian National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT)
Release Labor Force Survey
Frequency Quarterly
Start Date 12/31/1992
End Date 12/31/2020

Italy: Labor

Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Unemployment Rate Aug 2021 9.3 9.29 %, SA Monthly
Labor Force Employment 2020 Q4 22,889 22,834 Ths. #, SA Quarterly
Primary Industries Employment 2020 940.1 940.3 Ths. # Annual
Secondary Industries Employment 2020 5,801 5,804 Ths. # Annual
Total Employment 2020 Q4 22,889 22,834 Ths. #, SA Quarterly
Unemployment 2020 Q4 2,314 2,437 Ths. #, SA Quarterly
Wage & Salaries 2019 720,102 707,093 Mil. EUR Annual
Agriculture Employment 2017 996,718 993,689 # Annual
Tertiary Industries Employment 2017 17,760,676 17,907,124 # Annual

Release Information

For Italy, the survey on labor force resulting official estimates of employed and persons seeking employment and information on the main aggregates of the job - occupation, branch of economic activity, hours worked, type and duration of contracts, training.

Since its introduction in the early '50s, the survey plays a major role in the statistical documentation and analysis of the employment situation in Italy and it proves one essential knowledge tool for public policy makers, media, and citizens.

  • Data dimensions:
    • Industry classification: Ateco 2007, the adaptation of NACE Rev. 2
    • Sex: Both, male, female
    • Type of employment: Employees, self-employment
  • Measurements:
    • Thousands of persons (Ths. #)
    • Percentage (%)
  • Adjustment: Not applicable
  • Native frequency: Quarterly
  • Start date: As early as 1992Q4, but most series at 2004Q1
  • Geo coverage:
    • Country (IITA)
    • 5x NUTS 1 (IITA_aaaa)
    • 21x NUTS 2 (IITA_aa)
  • All concept-geo pairs exist: No

The information is collected by Istat interviewing each quarter a sample of almost 77 thousand families, amounting to 175 thousand individuals resident in Italy, even if temporarily abroad.  Excluded are families living abroad and usually permanent members of cohabitation (religious institutions, barracks, etc..).  Series cover individuals aged 15 and greater, except for activity rates and employment to population ratios, which cover individuals aged 15 to 64.

The current survey sample is continuous because the information is collected every week of the year and no longer in a single week each quarter.  The results are disseminated on a quarterly basis, except for the detail that has provincial annually.

The collection is characterized by the definition of new criteria for the identification of employees and persons seeking employment and for the radical restructuring of the process of collecting and compiling the data.

To make the new estimates comparable figures for the past years, Istat has reconstructed the series back to the fourth quarter of 1992.


  • Employment rate/Employment to population ratio: A ratio between employment and the corresponding population.
  • Unemployment rate: A ratio between unemployment and the corresponding labor force.
  • Activity rate: A ratio between labor force and the corresponding population.

Changes in method

Over the years the survey has been renovated several times to reflect on the one hand, the ongoing transformation of the labor market, secondly, the growing knowledge requirements of users on the social and economic reality of our country.  The last change was initiated in early 2004 in line with European Union provisions.