Japan - Dwelling Stocks

Japan: Dwelling Stocks

Mnemonic HSTK.IJPN
Unit Ths. #
Data 2013 60,631

Series Information

Source Japan Statistics Bureau
Release Dwelling Stock (Sub-National)
Frequency Every 5 Years
Start Date 12/31/1973
End Date 12/31/2013

Japan: Real Estate

Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
House Price Index Oct 2022 133.8 132.75 Index 2010=100, SA Monthly
Dwelling Stocks 2013 60,631 Ths. # Annual

Release Information

Total, occupied, unoccupied and vacant dwellings and occupied buildings other than dwellings, from the Housing and Land Survey from Statistics Japan.  Published every five years, since 1973 for the nation, and since 1998 for prefectures.

The Housing and Land Survey is the most fundamental statistical survey on housing conditions conducted for the purpose of obtaining basic data for various policy measures on housing and land by investing actual situations and trends of dwellings and other occupied buildings and the inhabiting households for the whole country, major metropolitan areas, and prefectures. It had been conducted every five years since 1948 as Housing Survey until the tenth in 1993, then, the scope of survey was extended to include questions on land and the name was changed to Housing and Land Survey in 1998.The 2003 Survey is the twelfth in the series.

In the 2003 Survey, approximately one in four enumeration districts of the 2000 Population Census was sampled as the first stage, and then approximately 210,000 unit districts were randomly selected from the areas demarcated in the sample enumeration districts as of February 1, 2003. The survey was conducted through a channel of the Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications; prefectures; shi (cities), machi (towns) and mura (villages); and enumerators. Questionnaires were filled out by self-entry method (partly entered by enumerators).

The reference period is as of October 1.


A dwelling is defined as a permanent building or a perfectly separated part of a building, such as a detached house or an apartment of an apartment house, built or reformed for habitation by one household. "Perfectly separated" means that the dwelling is separated by fixed concrete or wooden walls.

A dwelling for habitation of one household must satisfy following four conditions with regard to facilities: (1) at least a room, (2) sink for cooking for exclusive use, (3) toilet for exclusive use, and (4) doorway for exclusive use (i.e. it may be a direct access to the street, or an access to the hallway which occupants and visitors can use). Conditions (2) and (3) may be for join use, if they are in a location where they can be used at any time and can be accessed without passing through a floor of another household.

Dwellings without occupying households include dwellings with temporary occupants only, vacant dwellings (see below), and dwellings under construction.

Vacant dwellings include vacation dwellings, dwellings for sale/rent, and others. Other vacant dwellings include those not inhabited for a long time due to transference or hospitalization or those to be destroyed for the purpose of rebuilding.

Occupied buildings other than dwellings include:

  1. Worker dormitories built or designed for habitation by a group of single persons with separate budgets.
  2. School dormitories built or designed for habitation by a group of students with separate budgets.
  3. Hotels, motels or inns built or arranged for tourists or persons staying temporarily.
  4. Boarding houses or other occupied buildings built temporarily and not converted for human habitation, such as hospitals, workshops, offices and construction camps.

"Living" or "inhabiting" in this survey means that a person is usually living in the building in question, that is,living or intending to live there for more than three months as of the survey date.

 Data is revised when new data becomes available.

Please see the source for more information.