|Unit||Ten Thousand Persons, SA|
|Labor Force||May 2020||6,824||6,803||Ten Thousand Persons, SA||Monthly|
|Labor Force Employment||May 2020||6,629||6,625||Ten Thousand Persons, SA||Monthly|
|Total Employment||May 2020||6,629||6,625||Ten Thousand Persons, SA||Monthly|
|Total Employment Non-Ag||May 2020||6,439||6,418||Ten Ths., NSA||Monthly|
|Unemployment||May 2020||197||178||Ten Thousand Persons, SA||Monthly|
|Unemployment Rate||May 2020||2.9||2.6||Percent, SA||Monthly|
|Real Wages & Salaries||2020 Q1||276,645||274,775||Bil. Ch. 2011 JPY, SAAR||Quarterly|
|Wage & Salaries||2014||252,097,472||249,624,331||Mil. JPY||Annual|
Japan Statistics Bureau reports monthly employment and unemployment statistics. The data set includes participation rate, unemployment rate, number of employed persons by sex and industry, population (15 years and older), recruitment numbers, and job offering ratio.
Like other major advanced countries, the definition of the "unemployed" used for Japan's Labour Force Survey conforms to the international standard stipulated by the International Labour Organization (ILO) to grasp the employment and unemployment status objectively. Therefore, Japan's definition of the unemployed is not narrower than that of other nations.
The ILO defines the unemployment as follows:
The "unemployed" comprise all persons above a specified age who during the reference period were:
The Labour Force Survey has been undertaken on a nation-wide scale since July 1947 following a trial period of about a year that began in September 1946.
At present, the targets of the survey are the members 15 years old and above of about 40,000 households selected at random from the whole country. These household members are approximately 100,000 in number. The Labour Force Survey asks them about their employment and unemployment status.
Survey staff in every part of Japan distribute questionnaires to randomly designated households and collect them after they have been completed. The number of the employed and unemployed, the unemployment rate, and other information derived from this survey provides a significant indicator of the employment trend in Japan.
The source defines the following:
Unemployment rate: the percentage of the unemployed to the total labour force (sum of the employed and unemployed), is calculated as follows:
Data is subject to revisions.