Japan - Unemployment





Japan: Unemployment

Mnemonic LBU.IJPN
Unit Ten Thousand Persons, SA
Adjustments Seasonally Adjusted
Monthly 8.44 %
Data Sep 2019 167
Aug 2019 154

Series Information

Source Japan Statistics Bureau
Release Employment Situation and Unemployment
Frequency Monthly
Start Date 1/31/1953
End Date 9/30/2019

Japan: Labor

Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Labor Force Sep 2019 6,897 6,889 Ten Thousand Persons, SA Monthly
Labor Force Employment Sep 2019 6,730 6,735 Ten Thousand Persons, SA Monthly
Real Wages & Salaries 2019 Q3 274,556 274,646 Bil. Ch. 2011 JPY, SAAR Quarterly
Total Employment Sep 2019 6,730 6,735 Ten Thousand Persons, SA Monthly
Total Employment Non-Ag Sep 2019 6,545 6,528 Ten Ths., NSA Monthly
Unemployment Sep 2019 167 154 Ten Thousand Persons, SA Monthly
Unemployment Rate Sep 2019 2.4 2.2 Percent, SA Monthly
Agriculture Employment 2017 2,320,973 2,340,886 # Annual
Wage & Salaries 2014 252,097,472 249,624,331 Mil. JPY Annual

Release Information

Japan Statistics Bureau reports monthly employment and unemployment statistics. The data set includes participation rate, unemployment rate, number of employed persons by sex and industry, population (15 years and older), recruitment numbers, and job offering ratio.

Like other major advanced countries, the definition of the "unemployed" used for Japan's Labour Force Survey conforms to the international standard stipulated by the International Labour Organization (ILO) to grasp the employment and unemployment status objectively. Therefore, Japan's definition of the unemployed is not narrower than that of other nations. 

The ILO defines the unemployment as follows:

The "unemployed" comprise all persons above a specified age who during the reference period were:

  1. "without work", i.e. were not in paid employment or self-employment,
  2. "currently available for work", i.e. were available for paid employment or self-employment,
  3. "seeking work", i.e. had taken specific steps to seek paid employment or self-employment.

The Labour Force Survey has been undertaken on a nation-wide scale since July 1947 following a trial period of about a year that began in September 1946.

At present, the targets of the survey are the members 15 years old and above of about 40,000 households selected at random from the whole country. These household members are approximately 100,000 in number. The Labour Force Survey asks them about their employment and unemployment status.

Survey staff in every part of Japan distribute questionnaires to randomly designated households and collect them after they have been completed. The number of the employed and unemployed, the unemployment rate, and other information derived from this survey provides a significant indicator of the employment trend in Japan.

The source defines the following:

Unemployment rate: the percentage of the unemployed to the total labour force (sum of the employed and unemployed), is calculated as follows:

  • Unemployment rate (%) = Unemployed / Total labour force x 100
Effective job offering ratio: the ratio of job openings to applicants, including part-time jobs, but excluding new graduates. A.k.a. the job-to-applicant ratio, job offers to applicant ratio. The effective job offering ratio is calculated as follows:
  • Effective job offering ratio (%) = Job openings (#) / Applicants (#)
New recruitment number: Defined to include part-time jobs but exclude new graduates.

Data is subject to revisions.

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