|Unit||Mil. ZAR, SAAR|
|Adjustments||Seasonally Adjusted at Annual Rate|
|Government Consumption||2019 Q4||1,100,085||1,088,243||Mil. ZAR, SAAR||Quarterly|
|Investment||2019 Q4||823,823||915,378||Mil. ZAR, SAAR||Quarterly|
|Nominal Fixed Investment (gross fixed capital formation)||2019 Q4||905,248||924,687||Mil. ZAR, SAAR||Quarterly|
|Nominal Gross Domestic Product||2019 Q4||5,188,450||5,115,929||Mil. ZAR, SAAR||Quarterly|
|Private Consumption||2019 Q4||3,115,944||3,079,397||Mil. ZAR, SAAR||Quarterly|
|Real Fixed Investment (gross fixed capital formation)||2019 Q4||597,190||613,116||Mil. 2010 ZAR, SAAR||Quarterly|
|Real Government Consumption||2019 Q4||653,065||653,345||Mil. 2010 ZAR, SAAR||Quarterly|
|Real Gross Domestic Product||2019 Q4||3,143,840||3,155,290||Mil. 2010 ZAR, SAAR||Quarterly|
|Real Investment||2019 Q4||556,860||599,221||Mil. 2010 ZAR, SAAR||Quarterly|
|Real Private Consumption||2019 Q4||1,966,371||1,959,755||Mil. 2010 ZAR, SAAR||Quarterly|
The South African Reserve Bank (SARB) publishes their quarterly bulletin which focuses on recent economic developments. The publication is divided in two parts: an analytical section and a statistical section.
The analysis focuses on four key areas:
The statistical section is organized along eight major categories:
Debt-service cost is defined as the interest payments on household's outstanding debt. To calculate the debt service ratio, debt-service cost is multiplied by 100, and then divided by net disposable income of households.
Data for the previous quarter is subject to revision during the regular update.
Figures for the past four years are preliminary and subject to revision during the fourth quarter update.
In accordance with international best practice, national accounts are rebased and benchmarked every five years.
Statistics South Africa (Stats SA) disseminates quarterly data on GDP compiled according to the production approach (GVA). Differences between GDP compiled for the production approach and GDP compiled from the expenditure approach (by the SARB) are allocated to a "statistical discrepancy" item in the expenditure-based estimates.