|Unit||Ths. #, NSA|
|Adjustments||Not Seasonally Adjusted|
|Source||Turkish Statistical Institute (Turkstat)|
|Release||Labor Force Statistics|
|Labor Force||Dec 2022||35,206||35,150||Ths. #, SA||Monthly|
|Labor Force Employment||Dec 2022||31,573||31,574||Ths. #, SA||Monthly|
|Unemployment||Dec 2022||3,633||3,576||Ths. #, SA||Monthly|
|Unemployment Rate||Dec 2022||10.3||10.2||%, SA||Monthly|
|Total Employment||2022 Q3||31,160||30,765||Ths. #, NSA||Quarterly|
|Total Employment Non-Ag||2022 Q3||25,898||25,781||# Ths., NSA||Quarterly|
|Agriculture Employment||Dec 2021||4,301||4,843||Ths. #, NSA||Monthly|
The household labour force survey has been regularly been applied since 1988. Household labour force survey is the main data source on the labour market situation of country from the supply side and gives information on economic activity, occupation, status in employment and hours worked for employed persons. It also gives information on the duration of unemployment and occupation sought by the unemployed.
Persons not in labour force:
Both the employed and the persons who were employed before are classified by their economic activity, occupation, employment status and educational status. All economic activities are coded at the four digit level according to the International Standard of Economic Activities in the European Union (Nace Rev.1.1) But, results are given by nine or 14 main groups for Turkey, urban and rural, and by for main sectors for regional breakdown. The industry classifications include:
All occupations are coded at the four-digit level according to the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO, 88) and results are given by nine main groups:
All persons who are currently employed and persons employed in the past are classified according to International Classification on Status in Employment (ICSE, 1993) and results are also published by this classification.
The educational attainment level for all persons six years old and over is coded according to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED, 1997). They are shown in the following levels:
Household labour force survey, where international standards have been followed in terms of definitions and concepts from the beginning of its first application, norms and standards of the European Union Statistical Office (Eurostat) and International Labour Organization (ILO) are being used.
Persons covered: All private households who are living in the territory of Republic of Turkey are covered. Residents of schools, dormitories, kinder-gartens, rest homes for elderly persons, special hospitals, military barracks and recreation quarters for officers are not covered.
Geographical area covered: All settlements in Turkey have been covered in sample selection.
Method of sampling of the household labour Force Survey is applied to sample households selected by a 2 stage stratified clustered probability sample involving 8 sub samples. Addresses which are the primary sampling unit are visited four times during the 18 months period. Monthly sample size is 13,000 households. Weighting is a method used to obtain parameters from the data set resulting from sampling so as to represent the universe. These parameters include design weights, adjustments for non-response, external distribution checks and ultimate multiplying factor. Reaching accurate estimates depends on a step-by-step and careful process of weighting. All the weighting factors mentioned above were used in Household Labour Force Survey.
Data were collected from the households which were selected by defined sampling method. Statistical unit used is household in labour force surveys. Demographic information (age, sex, educational status, relationship to household head) is asked to all members of the household. But, questions on labour force status are asked for persons 15 years old and over.
All the information was collected by interviewers on a face-to-face basis with the help of portable computers (computer assisted personal interviewing).
The questionnaire was designed considering many factors together. The international standards determined by the International Labour Organization (ILO) were taken into consideration and adapted to the Turkish circumstances. Modifications on questionnaire were made in order to reflect possible changes occurred in time in the labour force status in Turkey and to produce internationally comparable data.In this way norm and standards of Eurostat have also been followed.
The first week of each month starting with Monday and ending with Sunday was used as the reference period. The field application starts after the reference week and is completed within 15 days.
Survey has been applied since 1988. Between 1988-1999 term the survey was applied annually using the last weeks of April and October as reference week. Since 2000 it has been applied on monthly basis. Results of the survey were announced on quarterly basis between 2000-2003 periods. Starting with January 2005, Household Labour Force Survey results are announced in every month based on the moving averages of three months. The weighting coefficients are calculated based on the mid-month population projections and results are called with the name of the middle month in order to simplify expression. In this new series, the Press Releases of February, May, August and November refer to the results of 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th quarter respectively which has been published since 2000
Results of the survey were published by Turkey, urban and rural between 1988-1999 terms. The estimations have been given again for Turkey, urban and rural areas on quarterly basis and annually for seven geographical regions and nine province centers (Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Bursa, Erzurum, Gaziantep, Istanbul, Izmir, Samsun) besides the Turkey, urban and rural between 2000-2003. The quarterly results of the survey are provided for Turkey, urban and rural level as in previous applications and annual results are supplied for Classification of Region Units Level 1 (in urban/rural distinction) and for whole by Level 2 since 2004.
Since 2007 results of the survey are announced in the 45th day following the end of the related term (3-months). Results of the survey are announced to the public in the 15th day of each month (in case of weekend following working day) at 10.00 o'clock in the morning with a press release and at the same time disseminated through the web site both in TR and EN.
Survey results were not seasonally adjusted for the current situation.
Related to the household labour force survey results two publications are published each year. Household Labour Force Statistics is the annual publication includes yearly and quarterly results Household Labour Force Statistics, Classification of Statistical Region Units publication includes regional results on statistical region units Level 1 and Level.
At the source:
At IMF (SDDS):