Turkey - Unemployment

Turkey: Unemployment

Mnemonic LBU.ITUR
Unit Ths., NSA
Adjustments Not Seasonally Adjusted
Annual 9.13 %
Data 2020 4,061
2019 4,469

Series Information

Source Turkish Statistical Institute (Turkstat)
Release Subnational Labor Force Statistics
Frequency Annual
Start Date 12/31/2004
End Date 12/31/2020

Turkey: Labor

Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Labor Force Jan 2021 31,567 30,746 Ths., SA Monthly
Total Employment Jan 2021 27,115 26,327 Ths., NSA Monthly
Unemployment Rate Jan 2021 12.2 12.6 %, SA Monthly
Unemployment 2020 4,061 4,469 Ths., NSA Annual
Labor Force Employment 2020 Q3 27,707 26,531 Thousands, NSA Quarterly
Total Employment Non-Ag 2020 Q3 22,575 21,413 Thousand person Quarterly
Agriculture Employment 2017 6,065,203 5,996,468 # Annual

Release Information

Information on this table are based on the results of the Labour Force Surveys which have been carried out regularly by Turkish Statistical Institute since 1988. The survey is implemented to collect information about economical activities, professions, employment status and hours of work of employed persons; duration of job search, occupation sought and other properties of unemployed, and it is the base data source to inform (supply side) on characteristics of labour market in the country.

The source writes:

The Labour Force Survey has been applied in each month since 2000 to the households selected according to the two-stage stratified clustered probability sample involving eight sub-samples. The households, which are the final sampling unit, have been visited four times in 18 months time period. The quarterly sample size of the survey was increased to approximately 37,000 in order to produce regional estimations on Classification of Statistical Region Units (SRE) Level 1 and 2 since 2004.

All private households who are living in the territory of Republic of Turkey are covered in the survey. Institutional population (residents of schools, dormitories, kindergartens, rest homes for elderly persons, special hospitals, military barracks and recreation quarters for officers) are not covered in the survey.

In the past, population projections had been produced according to the General Population Censuses. In 2007 Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) was established and there existed some differences in the distribution of population by age, sex and regions derived from ABPRS database compared to the censuses. In this direction, the new population projections were produced using the most recent population data obtained from this new system. National and regional population projections were renewed by the results of 2008 ABPRS and also using the results of Turkey Population and Health Survey realized by the Hacettepe University Institute of Population Studies. Regional results of household labour force survey for 2004-2006 have been revised by the new population projections (ABPRS) and results from 2007 are being published in this concept.

The source writes:

Non-institutional population: Comprises all the population excluding the residents of schools, dormitories, kindergartens, rest homes for elderly persons, special hospitals, military barracks and recreation quarters for officers.

Non-institutional working age population: Indicates the population 15 years of age and over within the non-institutional population.

Labour force: Comprises all employed persons and all unemployed.

Persons employed: Comprises all the non-institutional working age population who are included in the “persons at work” and “not at work” described below.

Persons at work: Persons engaged in any economic activity during the reference period for at least one hour as a regular employee, casual employee, employer, self-employed or unpaid family worker.

Persons not at work: All self-employed and employers who have a job but not at work in the reference week for various reasons are considered as employed.

Regular employees with a job who did not work during the reference period for various reasons are considered as employed only if they have an assurance of return to work within a period of 3 months or if they receive at least 50% of their wage or salary from their employer during their absence. Nonetheless unpaid family workers and casual workers who did not work in the reference week even 1 hour, are not considered as employed.

Apprentices who are working to gain any kind of benefit (income in cash or in kind, social security, travelling cost, pocket money etc.)  are considered to be employed.

Persons unemployed: The unemployed comprises all persons 15 years of age and over who were not employed (neither worked for profit, payment in kind or family gain at any job even for one hour, who have no job attachment) during the reference period who have used at least one channel for seeking a job during the last three months and were available to start work within two weeks.

Persons who have already found a job or established his/her own job but were waiting to complete necessary documents to start work were also considered to be unemployed.

Labour force participation rate: Indicates the ratio of the labour force to non-institutional working age population.

Unemployment rate: Is the ratio of unemployed persons to the labour force.

Employment rate: Employment rate is the ratio of employed persons to the non-institutional working age population .

Persons not in labour force: Includes persons who are neither unemployed nor employed and 15 years of age and over.