|Unit||Ths. # 3-mo. MA, SA|
|Labor Force||May 2019||53,252||53,229||Ths. # 3-mo. MA, NSAAR||Monthly|
|Labor Force Employment||May 2019||32,749||32,746||Ths. # 3-mo. MA, SAAR||Monthly|
|Unemployment||May 2019||1,292||1,304||Ths. # 3-mo. MA, SA||Monthly|
|Unemployment Rate||May 2019||3.8||3.8||% 3-mo. MA, SA||Monthly|
|Wage & Salaries||2019 Q1||-62||-47||Mil. GBP, SA||Quarterly|
Everybody aged 16 or over is either employed, unemployed or economically inactive. The employment estimates include all people in work including those working part-time. People not working are classed as unemployed if they have been looking for work within the last 4 weeks and are able to start work within the next 2 weeks. A common misconception is that the unemployment statistics are a count of people on benefits; this is not the case as they include unemployed people not claiming benefits.
Jobless people who have not been looking for work within the last 4 weeks or who are unable to start work within the next 2 weeks are classed as economically inactive. Examples of economically inactive people include people not looking for work because they are students, looking after the family or home, because of illness or disability or because they have retired.
Estimates of employment, unemployment, economic inactivity, hours worked and redundancies are derived from the Labour Force Survey (LFS), a survey of households. The LFS is sampled such that it is representative of the UK population over a 3 month period, not for single month periods. Most of the figures in this statistical bulletin come from surveys of households or businesses and are therefore estimates rather than precise figures.
Notes on Employment:
Employment consists of employees, self-employed people, unpaid family workers and people on government supported training and employment programs.
Unpaid family workers are people who work in a family business who do not receive a formal wage or salary but benefit from the profits of that business.
The government supported training and employment programs series does not include all people on these programs; it only includes people engaging in any form of work, work experience or work-related training who are not included in the employees or self-employed series. People on these programs NOT engaging in any form of work, work experience or work-related training are not included in the employment estimates; they are classified as unemployed or economically inactive.
Labour market statistics are designed to reflect the various aspects of labour market activity in the UK. Statistics cover employment, unemployment and the Claimant Count, economic inactivity, redundancies, earnings, jobs, vacancies, labour productivity and labour disputes.
ONS publishes a set of labour market statistics on a monthly basis for the UK as a whole and for each country and region of Great Britain. Data for Northern Ireland are published by the Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment in Northern Ireland.
Labour Market estimates come from a wide variety of sources. The Labour Force Survey (LFS) is the main source of data, and provides estimates of employment, unemployment, economic activity and inactivity, hours worked and redundancies. Business surveys are also used to compile data on workforce jobs, vacancies, average weekly earnings and labour disputes. Much of the data is produced using concepts and definitions set out by the International Labour Organisation (ILO).
The main users of labour market data include government and the Bank of England, who use the data to make and monitor government policies. There are also a wide variety of other users such as businesses, national and local government, academia, and the general public.
The data is subject to revisions.
For more information, please visit: http://www.ons.gov.uk