|Adjustments||Not Seasonally Adjusted|
|Unemployment||Dec 2022||464,470||458,818||#, NSA||Monthly|
|Unemployment Rate||Dec 2022||5.4||5.3||%, NSA||Monthly|
|Labor Force Employment||2022 Q3||5,110||5,088||Ths. #, CDASA||Quarterly|
|Primary Industries Employment||2022 Q3||60.6||61.1||Ths. #, CDASA||Quarterly|
|Tertiary Industries Employment||2022 Q3||4,173||4,152||Ths. #, CDASA||Quarterly|
|Total Employment||2022 Q3||5,110||5,088||Ths. #, CDASA||Quarterly|
|Wage & Salaries||2022 Q3||67,501||65,875||Mil. EUR, CDASA||Quarterly|
|Labor Force||2021||5,529||5,471||Thousands, NSA||Annual|
|Secondary Industries Employment||2020||561,805||564,178||#||Annual|
Unemployment level and rate, by sex and broad age bracket, for countries in Europe.
Unemployed persons are, as according to the International Labor Organization (ILO), all persons who were not employed during the reference week and had actively sought work during the past four weeks and were ready to begin working immediately or within two weeks. Unemployment rate is the share of unemployed persons in the total number of active persons in the labor market (active persons are those who are either employed or unemployed).
Eurostat aims at harmonizing the calculation process as much as possible. For all countries, the non-seasonally adjusted quarterly averages of the monthly series are benchmarked to the quarterly LFS figures. However, the way the figures for the individual months as well as the provisional figures (for the period when LFS is not yet available) are calculated depends on the availability and specific characteristics of the sources available in individual Member States. Apart from quarterly figures, in some Member States monthly and/or 3 month moving averages are produced from the LFS as well. Registered unemployment data is used for many Member States as auxiliary source. The length of the series and specific correlation with the unemployment as measured with the quarterly LFS varies from country to country.
Every month new figures from the public employment offices' administrative registers or from the national LFS are added into the process and new estimates are calculated. This might cause a slight revision in the past figures due to the re-execution of the seasonal adjustment procedure. Whenever the new LFS data become available, a potentially larger revision takes place from the months of that particular quarter onwards.
At the source: