Colombia - Consumer Price Index (CPI)

Colombia: Consumer Price Index (CPI)

Mnemonic CPI.ICOL
Unit Index Dec2018=100, NSA
Adjustments Not Seasonally Adjusted
Monthly 0.42 %
Data Jan 2020 104.24
Dec 2019 103.8

Series Information

Source Bank of the Republic of Colombia
Release Consumer Price Index
Frequency Monthly
Start Date 1/31/1954
End Date 1/31/2020

Colombia: Price

Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Consumer Price Index (CPI) Jan 2020 104.24 103.8 Index Dec2018=100, NSA Monthly
Producer Price Index (PPI) Jan 2020 119.91 120.79 Index Dec2014=100, NSA Monthly
Wholesale Price Index 2016 122.57 114.7 Index 2010 = 100 Annual

Release Information

The Bank of the Republic of Colombia and the statistical agency (DANE) report a Consumer Price Index for Colombia. The data set also includes indexes for the food, housing, clothing, health, education, transportation, communications, and recreation industries.

Classification: COICOP

Sample size: Over 15,000 establishments in Colombia are interviewed, yielding 40,000 price quotes.

Valuation: The prices include taxes and VAT.

Due to different price collection periods for goods, there are three types of periodicity in the CPI price collection system:

  1. Less than one month: The month is divided into 10-day periods. One-third of the companies within the sample are visited each period. Data is obtained from three different periods throughout the reference month.
  2. Monthly
  3. More than one month: Housing industry data is collected bimonthly and one-half of the sample is interviewed each month. Clothing and education industry data is collected quarterly and one-third of the sample is interviewed monthly. 


The index base year is advanced every 10 years.