Colombia - Unemployment Rate

Colombia: Unemployment Rate

Mnemonic LBR.ICOL
Unit %, NSA
Adjustments Not Seasonally Adjusted
Data Sep 2021 12.11
Aug 2021 12.33

Series Information

Source National Administrative Department of Statistic (DANE) - Colombia
Release Employment and Unemployment
Frequency Monthly
Start Date 1/31/2001
End Date 9/30/2021

Colombia: Labor

Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Total Employment Sep 2021 21,729 21,692 Ths. #, NSA Monthly
Unemployment Rate Sep 2021 12.11 12.33 %, NSA Monthly
Wage & Salaries 2021 Q2 0.93 0.06 Mil. USD, NSA Quarterly
Unemployment 2021 Q1 3,658,783 3,219,456 #, NSA Quarterly
Labor Force 2020 23,231,877 24,608,837 # Annual
Labor Force Employment 2020 19,736,765 22,157,441 # Annual
Agriculture Employment 2017 4,264,675 4,185,890 # Annual

Release Information

In the publication "Principales Indicadores del Mercado Laboral," Colombia's National Administrative Department of Statistics (DANE) releases monthly labor force status, employment by industry level, and employment by industry share; for the country, a composite of 13 major cities, the national capital region, and the national capital district.

Labor force status


  • Measurements:
    • Thousands of persons (Ths. #)
    • Percent (%)
  • Cumulations:
    • None
    • 3-month moving average (3-mo MA)
  • Adjustment: Not seasonally adjusted (NSA)
  • Native frequency: Monthly
  • Start date: 2001m1
  • Geo coverage:
    • Country
    • 13-city aggregate (ICOL_M13A)


  • Quarterly - 1976 to 2000

Employment by industry


  • Industry classification: A*10 aggregation of CIIU Rev 4, the localization of ISIC Rev. 4.
  • Measurement: Thousands of persons (Ths. #)
  • Cumulation: 3-month moving average (3-mo MA)
  • Adjustment: Not seasonally adjusted (NSA)
  • Native frequency: Monthly
  • Start date: 2015m3
  • Geo coverage:
    • Country
    • Bogotá region (ICOL_BO)
    • Bogotá Distrito Capital (ICOL_BOG)


  • CIIU 3 - 2001 to 2019
  • 1996 to 2000

Employment share by industry

  • Measurement: Percent (%)
  • Adjustment: Not applicable
  • Native frequency: Annual
  • Start date: 2002

Encuesta Nacional de Hogares (ENH)

Gran Encuesta Integrada de Hogares (GEIH)

DANE conducts the Continuous Household Survey (ECH) on labor force, income, and expenditure to produce demographic and socio-economic statistics. The survey samples more than 44,000 households in 13 cities and municipal townships. 

In December 2005, new questions were added to the survey for a more complete analysis of a single household. Continuity and comparability was maintained with the adjustment in methodology. 

DANE uses standards set by the International Labour Organization (ILO) to define population classifications.

  • Economically Active Population or Labor Force (EAP): Individuals who are of working age that are either working or looking for a job during the reference week.
  • Employed (E): Individuals who either worked at least one paid hour, was on a temporary leave, unpaid family workers who worked at least one hour in the reference week. 
  • Unemployed (U): Individuals categorized in one of the following situations during the reference week: (1) Visible Unemployment (VU) or Invisible Unemployment (IU). 
  • Economically Inactive Population (EIP): Individuals who are of working age, but did not participate in the production of goods or services during the reference week. Groups of people are students, home-makers, pensioners, retired persons, disabled, or those or are not interested in working. All others are considered to be the working-age population (WAP). 

The reference week is the week prior to the one when the survey is conducted. It is a complete calendar week from Monday to Sunday.  

The source also reprots select variables for as a 13-city/metropolitan area aggregate (geo code ICOL_M13A). The area includes: Bogotá, Medellín, Valle de Aburrá, e de Aburrá, Cali, Yumbo, Barranquilla , Soledad, Bucaramanga, Floridablanca, Girón, Piedecuesta, Manizales, Villamaría, Pasto, Pereira, Dosquebradas, La Virginia, Ibagué, Cúcuta, Villa del Rosario, Los Patios, El Zulia, Villavicencio, Montería, and Cartagena.

Moody's Analytics supplements

We produce SA counterparts for: monthly labor force, for the total-country and 13-city geos. Monthly and quarterly labor force and unemployment rate for the capital.

Further reading

At the source: