Croatia - Consumer Price Index (CPI)





Croatia: Consumer Price Index (CPI)

Mnemonic CPI.IHRV
Unit Index 2015=100, NSA
Adjustments Not Seasonally Adjusted
Monthly 1.34 %
Data Oct 2022 121.2
Sep 2022 119.6

Series Information

Source Croatian Bureau of Statistics (CBS)
Release Consumer Price Indices
Frequency Monthly
Start Date 1/31/1986
End Date 10/31/2022

Croatia: Price

Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Consumer Price Index (CPI) Oct 2022 121.2 119.6 Index 2015=100, NSA Monthly
Producer Price Index (PPI) May 2022 144.69 139.93 2010=100, NSA Monthly

Release Information

For Croatia, the source defines the Consumer Price Index (CPI)  as measurement of changes in the prices of goods and services acquired, used or paid over time by a reference population (private households) for final consumption purposes.

The CPI acts as a measure of inflation and can guarantee the value of recurrent payments in escalator clauses for contractual relationships, for example wages and salaries in collective agreements. It also acts as a comparison of the price movements within a certain country between different economy sectors and as a bias for deflating the national accounts data and other statistical series.

Active:

  • Classification: COICOP
  • Measurements: Fixed-base index relative to 2015 (Index 2015=100)
  • Adjustment: Not seasonally adjusted (NSA)
  • Native frequency: Monthly
  • Start date: 1986m1
  • Geo coverage: Country

Predecessor:

  • 2010=100 - 1998 to 2015

A representative basket consisting of about 917 different items is the basis of the CPI calculation. Each month, about 37070 prices are gathered within a fixed panel of outlets in nine geographical cities and towns throughout the country (Zagreb, Slavonski Brod, Osijek, Sisak, Rijeka, Pula, Split, Dubrovnik and Varaždin)

The weights used for calculating the CPI show the relative importance of the sampled goods or services in resident households within the domestic territory's total consumption. The Croatian Bureau of Statistics regularly conducts a Household Budget Survey which is a primary sources for calculating the weights used in the CPI.

The classification of products used in the CPI is based on the Classification of Individual Consumption by Purpose (COICOP).

Calculating CPI starts with the computation of the elementary aggregate indices. These indicies are calculated as a ratio of geometric means of the current and the reference period of all the prices of products within the elementary aggregate.

Next, the consumer price indices are compiled using the formula for the weighted arithmetic mean of the indices at the lower aggregation levels.

Since January 2015, the compilation of the CPIs has been based on the weights derived from the annual average household expenditures from the 2011 Household Budget Survey, recalculated into the prices in December 2014.

Indices were recalculated from base year 2001 to base year 2005, from base year 2005 to base year 2010, and from base year 2010 to base year 2015. In addition, according to Eurostat’s recommendations, water supply was excluded from Services category and included into Goods category. Indices for goods and services were recalculated back to January 2005. Thus, the index for "Total" is greater than both the index for "Goods" and "Services" for the dates July 2003, August 2003, July 2005, and August 2005.

Moody's Analytics supplements

We seasonally adjust the general index using the U.S. Census Bureau's X-13ARIMA-SEATS program.

Further reading

At the source: