Japan - Exports of Goods and Services

Japan: Exports of Goods and Services

Mnemonic EX.IJPN
Unit Bil. JPY, SAAR
Adjustments Seasonally Adjusted at Annual Rate
Quarterly 9.84 %
Data 2020 Q3 79,521
2020 Q2 72,399

Series Information

Source Economic and Social Research Institute - Japan
Release GDP
Frequency Quarterly
Start Date 3/31/1957
End Date 9/30/2020

Japan: Trade

Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Balance of Goods Oct 2020 314,265 440,038 Mil. JPY, SA Monthly
Exports of Goods Oct 2020 5,966,814 5,817,472 Mil. JPY, SA Monthly
Imports of Goods Oct 2020 5,652,549 5,377,434 Mil. JPY, SA Monthly
Current Account Balance Sep 2020 13,455 16,592 100 Mil. JPY, SA Monthly
Exports of Goods and Services 2020 Q3 79,521 72,399 Bil. JPY, SAAR Quarterly
Imports of Goods and Services 2020 Q3 76,461 82,243 Bil. JPY, SAAR Quarterly
Net Exports 2020 Q3 3,059 -9,844 Bil. JPY, SAAR Quarterly
Real Exports of Goods and Services 2020 Q3 76,946 71,883 Bil. Ch. 2011 JPY, SAAR Quarterly
Real Imports of Goods and Services 2020 Q3 82,638 91,623 Bil. Ch. 2011 JPY, SAAR Quarterly
Real Net Exports 2020 Q3 -5,692 -19,739 Bil. Ch. 2011 JPY, SAAR Quarterly

Release Information

GDP measures the total value of final goods and services produced by domestic institutional units during the period. The current Benchmark Year for Japan GDP is 2011=100.

Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI) produces both real and nominal GDP, classified by economic activity.  The industries are classified using 2011 as their benchmark year for "Input-Output Price Index of the Manufacturing Industry by Sector."

The data also includes the statistical discrepency associated with GDP, and GDP without the discrepency.  However, for chained GDP, statistical discrepency cannot be defined.

Scope of the data

Transactions coverage: All resident household and legal entity institutional units are covered in the source data by using supply-side’s commodity-flow method.

Geographical coverage: The data cover the entire Japanese economy. The delineation of the constituent units of the economy is broadly in accordance with the SNA 2008.

Annual supply and use tables are compiled. In addition, annual input-output tables, consistent with the final annual national accounts data, are compiled, along with the detailed five-yearly benchmark input-output tables compiled as a joint project between ESRI and nine other ministries and agencies. Furthermore, institutional sector accounts are compiled on an annual basis, inclusive of financial flow accounts and balance sheets. Aggregated capital stock data are also compiled. 

Source data definitions, scope, classifications, valuation, and time of recording

Major sources are shown below. Some source data are not consistent with the definitions, classifications, and requirements of the national accounts, and they are adjusted before used in the compilation.

  • Expenditure approach: Input-Output Tables (five yearly), Financial Statements Statistics of Corporations, Balance of Payments Statistics, settlement of accounts of central and local governments, Survey on Non-Profit Organizations.
  • Income approach: Population Census (five yearly), Flow of Funds Accounts, Financial Statements Statistics of Corporations.
  • Production approach: Input-Output Table (five yearly), Census of Manufactures, Census of Commerce, Trade Statistics, Data of Customs.

The revision cycle is stable from year to year. The preliminary quarterly estimates are revised with each new release, incorporating revisions to the source data. Annual revisions take place about 9 month after the reference fiscal year. Except for the benchmark revisions which take place every fifth year, the annual and quarterly data become final with the second release of annual revisions about 21 months after the reference fiscal year. However, as the seasonal factors are recalculated every quarter, the seasonally adjusted quarterly data will show minor changes with each new release.

At the time of data release, it is clearly stated whether released data are first preliminary, second preliminary, or revised annual estimates. When revisions outside the regular cycle are made, they are explained in the published materials and on the ESRI website “Notice on Usage.”