|Unit||Bil. JPY, NSA|
|Adjustments||Not Seasonally Adjusted|
|Source||Bank of Japan|
|Release||Gross External Debt|
|Outstanding Public Debt||Jan 2023||12,667,450||12,569,992||100 Mil. JPY, NSA||Monthly|
|Outstanding Public Debt - Domestic||Jan 2023||10,723,510||10,626,907||100 Mil. JPY, NSA||Monthly|
|Outstanding Public Debt - Foreign||Jan 2023||0||0||100 Mil. JPY, NSA||Monthly|
|Gross External Debt||2022 Q4||190,865||197,571||Bil. JPY, NSA||Quarterly|
|Government Budget Balance||31 Mar 2021||-32,576||-53,877||Bil. JPY||365 days|
|Government Revenues||31 Mar 2021||209,204||197,844||Bil. JPY||365 days|
The external debt statistics show the current state of Japans liabilities with respect to other countries, with a breakdown by sector. Data are also broken down by short-term and long-term on an original maturity basis and also by instrument.
Japans international investment position is based on a year end report. therefore external debt is estimated at quarterly frequency using reports with end of quarter data, the existing international investment position data balance of payments data, and factors in market value. For compatibility purposes this data is compiled based on the IMF's Balance of Paymnets Manual (Sixth Edition).
Current balance = market value of previous period-end balance of yen-denominated holdings
+ market value of previous period-end balance of foreign currencydenominated holdings (in yen)
+ market value of yen-denominated flow
+ market value of foreign currency-denominated flow (in yen).
At the quater end, the outstanding amount of inward portfolio investment is calculated, and is broken out by long-term and short-term.
At the quater end, the outstanding amount of trade credits is calculated, and is broken out by long-term and short-term
At the quater end, the outstanding amount of borrowings from nonresidents is calculated, the data is then broken out by long-term and short-term on the basis of the contract term.
4.Cash and deposits
At the quater end, cash and deposits from nonresidents outstanding is calculated, and classified as short-term.
At the quater end, the outstanding amount of transactions categorized under “other investment” excludes trade credits, loans, or cash and deposits is calculated, and classified as short-term or long-term based on the term of the contract.
6.Direct investment (intercompany lendings)
At the quater end, the outstanding amount is calculated for liabilities from nonresident, resident, and for liabilities from residents to nonresident, excludes equities.
Only the revised data for the end of calendar year are not estimates. This data is equal to those of the international investment position compiled annually and based on year-end reports.
For further information please visit the BOJ website.