Panama - Births

Panama: Births

Mnemonic BTH.IPAN
Unit #
Annual 4.93 %
Data 2021 66,498
2020 69,945

Series Information

Source Instituto Nacional De Estadistica y Censo (INEC)
Release Vital Statistics: Births
Frequency Annual
Start Date 12/31/1952
End Date 12/31/2021

Panama: Demographics

Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Births 2021 66,498 69,945 # Annual
Deaths 2021 24,663 25,151 # Annual
Population 2020 4,278,500 4,218,808 # Annual
Net Migration 2017 31,448 # Annual
Birth Rate 2016 19.53 19.85 # per Ths. pop. Annual
Death Rate 2016 5.02 5 # per Ths. pop. Annual

Release Information

For Panama, annual count of live births, for the country and subnational areas.

The source writes:

The Comptroller General of the Republic, through the National Institute of Statistics and Census (INEC), offers this time, the publication Vital Statistics: Volume III Defunciones with information regarding the events in the Republic (of Panama). For the presentation of the information contained in this bulletin, INEC has followed the "Principles and Recommendations for a Vital Statistics System" of the United Nations. Death is described as the permanent disappearance of all signs of life, whatever the time since live birth (postnatal cessation of vital functions without the possibility of resuscitation).

  • Measurement: Unitary count (#)
  • Adjustment: Not applicable
  • Native frequency: Annual
  • Start date: As early as 1952
  • Geo coverage:
    • Country
    • Province (IPAN_^^^^)
    • Province-level indigenous area (IPAN_IR^^)
    • District (IPAN_^^)

The source writes:

For the classification of the causes of fetal death, use the "Manual of International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision, published by the World Health Organization.  The data are classified according to the residence of the mother in the major geographic divisions (provinces, indigenous regions and districts). It also includes explanations, definitions and formulas used more frequently in the data classification to facilitate the handling and interpretation of the figures.

The NPRI requires the support of the general population to report and declare, accurately, the vital facts in this case, live births and fetal deaths, because the statistics are used by the state for planning, implementation and evaluation of programs to improve the quality of life of people and socioeconomic conditions of the country

  1. Definitions (1): 
    • Live birth: The result of the complete expulsion or extraction of a product the conception of the mother's body, anyone who has been the duration of pregnancy after the separation breathes or shows any other sign of life such as heartbeat, pulsation of the umbilical cord or definite movement of voluntary muscles, whether or not cut the umbilical cord attached and whether or not the placenta, each product of such a birth is considered live born. 
    • Fetal death: The death occurred before the complete expulsion or extraction the body of the mother of a product of conception, regardless of was the duration of pregnancy, the death is indicated by the fact that after separation, the fetus does not breathe or show any other sign of life, like the beating of heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord or definite movement of voluntary muscles. 
    • Perinatal death: Statistical assessment of fetal and neonatal deaths. Includes late abortions from the 28th week of pregnancy and deaths occurred in the first seven days of life usually are due to biological causes that are common and which the control measures were similar. 
    • Late Registration: Registration of a vital event after the period prescribed in the laws and current regulations (including any grace period specified). A late registration is a vital event registration after the deadline prescribed, but within a specified grace period. 
    • Underreporting: No record of a fact of life. Therefore, live births recorded are lower than those that occurred. 
  2. Coverage: The information covers live births occurred in the Republic, which have their source in the auxiliary registrars with offices and sub-work in the districts, district offices and provincial departments of civil and public health facilities and private. However, in the case of deaths fetal, for which there is no record, auxiliary registrars and health institutions must complete the statistics. 
  3. Geographical breakdown: These data are presented according to the residence of the mother child, with the exception of the tables 221-03 and 221-04, in which information is displayed by place of occurrence. 
    • Policy Division (2): The establishment of political and administrative boundaries in order properly ordering the division of the Republic, so conforms to the Constitution and national laws. It comprises the provinces, districts and districts. 
    • Indigenous Regions (3): Division of State policy, subject to special treatment administration and organization for indigenous peoples Panama, regulated by the Constitution, special laws and norms of the respective ethnic group. It comprises three districts: Kuna Yala, Embera and Ngobe Bugle.
  4. Birth attendance: 
    • With professional assistance: Includes births in health facilities and those receiving home care by a professional health field. 
    • Unassisted: Refers to the home births were not professional assistance in childbirth. 
  5. Birth rate: (Also known as crude birth rate). Rate used in the field vital statistics and based on the number of live births occurred in a population during a specified period, usually a calendar year, ie the number of live births occurring in the population of a geographic area determined in a given year per thousand total population, half period, the geographical area during the same year.
  6. Specific fertility rates by age of mother: The ratio between the number of live births occurred women of a certain age in a calendar year and the number of women found at that age in the mid-year. 
  7. Total fertility rate: The average number of children born alive during the life of a woman (or women's group), if all his years of elapsed playback according to the age-specific fertility rates in a year determined. 
  8. Mean age of fertility: The average age at which women are having their children in a given year. 
  9. Fetal mortality rate: (Also called fetal mortality ratio). Is the ratio obtained by dividing the number of fetal deaths, irrespective of the duration of pregnancy, occurring in a population in a given year, between the number of live births occurring in that population for the same year

From October 1979 include births and deaths of the resident population in the Canal Zone that had reverted to the Republic. In 2000 all public places in the Canal Zone to Panamanian jurisdiction passed. Until 1959, excludes births and deaths of the resident population in Indian villages, except for the provinces of Bocas del Toro and Darien.

Further reading

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