|Adjustments||Not Seasonally Adjusted|
|Labor Force||Dec 2020||160,567||160,536||Ths. #, SA||Monthly|
|Labor Force Employment||Dec 2020||149,830||149,809||Ths. #, SA||Monthly|
|Manufacturing Employment||Dec 2020||12,309||12,271||Ths. #, SA||Monthly|
|Total Employment Non-Ag||Dec 2020||142,624||142,764||Ths. #, SA||Monthly|
|Unemployment||Dec 2020||10,736||10,728||Ths. #, SA||Monthly|
|Unemployment Rate||Dec 2020||6.7||6.7||%, SA||Monthly|
|Wage & Salaries||2020 Q3||9,409,852||8,908,788||Mil. USD, SAAR||Quarterly|
|Primary Industries Employment||Jun 2020||1,341,517||1,305,185||#, NSA||Monthly|
The Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW, formerly known as the ES-202) Program is a cooperative program involving the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) of the U.S. Department of Labor and the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs). The QCEW program produces a comprehensive tabulation of employment and wage information for workers covered by state unemployment insurance (UI) laws and federal workers covered by the Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE) program.
Data include the number of establishments, monthly employment, and quarterly wages, by NAICS industry, by county, by ownership sector, for the entire United States. These data are aggregated to annual levels, to higher industry levels (NAICS industry groups, sectors, and supersectors), and to higher geographic levels (national, state, and metropolitan statistical area (MSA)).
The QCEW program serves as a near-census of monthly employment and quarterly wage information by 6-digit NAICS industry at the national, state, and county levels. At the national level, the QCEW program publishes employment and wage data for nearly every NAICS industry. At the state and area level, the QCEW program publishes employment and wage data down to the 6-digit NAICS industry level, if disclosure restrictions are met.
What are "wages"? Total compensation paid during the calendar quarter, regardless of when services were performed. Included are pay for vacation and other paid leave, bonuses, stock options, tips, the cash value of meals and lodging, and in some states, contributions to deferred compensation plans (such as 401(k) plans).
Who is counted? Employment data under the QCEW program represent the number of covered workers who worked during, or received pay for, the pay period including the 12th of the month.
Who is excluded? Members of the armed forces, the self-employed, proprietors, domestic workers, unpaid family workers, and railroad workers covered by the railroad unemployment insurance system. QCEW has partial information on agricultural industries and employees in private households.
Why are there gaps? In accordance with BLS policy, data provided to the Bureau in confidence are not published and are used only for specified statistical purposes. BLS withholds publication of UI-covered employment and wage data for any industry level when necessary to protect the identity of cooperating employers. Totals at the industry level for the states and the nation include the nondisclosable data suppressed within the detailed tables. However, these totals cannot be used to reveal the suppressed data.
For example, series XYSP52Q.MNEY (wages in NAICS industry 52, finance and insurance, in the New York MSA) has fewer gaps than XYSP523Q.MNEY (523, securities; commodity contracts; investments) . There are different gaps in XYSP52312Q for geos MNEY and MSAF.
Revisions to the full previous year may occur with Q1 updates.
Breaks may be introduced in the first quarter of every year due to industry re-classifications.
The data by size of establishment is only published with the first quarter of each year. Data is not available for intervening periods. Please note that the totals will not sum to the revised totals from the QCEW as size data are not revised.
The Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program also produces data on establishments, employment, and wage by size of establishment for the first quarter of each year. The size category of each establishment is determined by the March employment level. These size class data are available at the national level by 6-digit NAICS, and at the State level by NAICS sector. It is important to note that each establishment of a multi-establishment firm is tabulated separately into the appropriate size category. The total employment level of the reporting multi-establishment company is not used in the size tabulation.
The data by size of establishment is only published with the first quarter of each year. Data is not available for intervening periods. Please note that the totals will not sum to the revised totals from the QCEW. This is due to the fact that the size data is not revised.
Some of the reported not seasonally adjusted wage data does not show a strong calendar trend. In these cases, the Moody’s Analytics supplements have been seasonally, but not calendar day adjusted as noted in the series metadata.
A number of other statistical data series are comparable in some respects to those provided in the QCEW program. These series all have certain applications, strengths, and shortcomings. They include the following:
Current Employment Statistics (CES)
The CES program uses a sample of over 350,000 establishments to provide current estimates of monthly nonfarm employment, average weekly hours, and average hourly and weekly earnings. Employment estimates derived from the CES are benchmarked primarily to QCEW records, which cover 98% of all nonfarm employees and 99% of those in the private nonfarm sector. For the remaining industries, the CES program uses other sources to estimate employment not covered by state UI laws.
The few industries not covered by QCEW because they are exempt from mandatory UI coverage include religious organizations, private schools, and interns and trainees in hospitals. The Bureau of Census, County Business Patterns, are used for these series.
Data for interstate railroads are obtained from the Interstate Commerce Commission. Federal Government employment series in the CES are a complete count provided monthly by the Office of Personnel Management.
The state and local government employment are supplemented as necessary with the Bureau of Census data derived from the Census of Governments for local elected officials and certain other groups. In addition to being both sample-based rather than a universe count and more current, the CES program differs from the QCEW program in that the CES provides paid hours and weighted weekly earning estimates for production workers in manufacturing and nonsupervisory workers in nonmanufacturing.
Current Population Survey (CPS)
The CPS is a sample survey of about 60,000 households selected to represent the entire civilian noninstitutional population and designed to measure overall employment, unemployment, and those not in the labor force. In terms of employment, the sample includes categories of workers which are entirely or partly excluded from the QCEW program: Certain farm and domestic workers, the self-employed, person working 15 hours or more in the survey week as unpaid workers in family-operated enterprises, employees of certain non-profit organizations, and railroad workers. The CPS also counts employees uncompensated because of temporary absence but excludes workers under 16 years old.
The CPS does not provide employment and wage data in the industrial detail available under the QCEW. As a household survey, its focus is on individuals, whereas establishment-based surveys such as the QCEW program focus on jobs.
County Business Patterns
The CBP differs from the QCEW in the following major areas:
The BEA employment data are derived primarily from the 12-month average of the QCEW data. However, four major differences do exist. (Wallace Bailey of the BEA 202-606-5360):