Germany - Primary Industries Employment

Germany: Primary Industries Employment

Mnemonic EPRI.IDEU
Unit Ths. #, NSA
Adjustments Not Seasonally Adjusted
Quarterly 1.38 %
Data 2022 Q3 573
2022 Q2 581

Series Information

Source Federal Statistical Office (FSO) - Germany
Release Employment (FSO; Quarterly)
Frequency Quarterly
Start Date 3/31/1991
End Date 9/30/2022

Germany: Labor

Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Unemployment Jan 2023 2,498 2,513 Ths. #, CDASA Monthly
Unemployment Rate Jan 2023 5.5 5.5 %, CDASA Monthly
Labor Force Employment Dec 2022 45,730 45,706 Ths. #, CDASA Monthly
Total Employment Dec 2022 45,730 45,706 Ths. #, CDASA Monthly
Primary Industries Employment 2022 Q3 573 581 Ths. #, NSA Quarterly
Labor Force 2021 43,035,825 43,137,619 # Annual
Wage & Salaries 2021 1,567,530 1,509,837 Mil. EUR Annual
Agriculture Employment 2017 558,630 566,293 # Annual

Release Information

Quarterly data on the number of employed persons in Germany according to the domestic concept were presented in the context of national accounts. The domestic concept covers all employed whose place of work is in Germany, including employees, self-employed persons and unpaid family workers, in all economic activities, except section Q.

  • National accounts framework: ESA 2010
  • Activity classification: WZ 2008, the localization of NACE Rev. 2
  • Measurement: Thousands of persons (Ths. #)
  • Adjustments:
    • Seasonally adjusted (SA)
    • Not seasonally adjusted (NSA)
  • Geo coverage: Country
  • Native frequency: Quarterly
  • Start date: 1991Q1

The source writes:

The number of persons in employment is obtained in national accounts on the basis of any source of employment statistics available at the time of calculation. This is to say, monthly employment data are not gained from a sample survey, only.  Levels and the trends are based on an estimation model integrating several sources (about 50 sources). The sources differ in periodicity and coverage. Major sources of employment statistics in addition to the monthly, quarterly and annual statistics for various economic sectors (i.e. industry including energy and construction, wholesale and retail trade, hotels and restaurants).

Persons in employment, as used in national accounts, include all persons performing some gainful activity as employees (wage earners, salaried employees, public officials, marginal part-time workers, soldiers), as self-employed persons or as unpaid family workers, irrespective of the scope of such activity. The underlying concept here is the person-related concept; this means that persons performing several jobs at the same time are covered only once, that is with their main job.

That definition is based on the standards set by the International Labour Organisation (ILO), which are in line with the relevant definitions of the European System of Accounts (ESA) 1995. The average number of persons in employment in Germany over a specific period is needed, first, for purposes of continuous current labour market monitoring – comparable at a national and international level – and, second, as a reference figure for national accounts.

Depending on what the figures are used for, the number of persons in employment, for Germany as a whole and in a breakdown by status in occupation, are presented according to the resident concept (place-of-residence concept) or the domestic concept (place-of-work concept). To change over from the resident concept to the domestic concept, non-residents working in Germany are added and residents working abroad are subtracted.

The numbers of persons in employment by industries are always shown according to the domestic concept in national accounts.


All persons who did some work (for at least one hour) during the reference month for pay or persons temporarily not at work having a formal job attachment (i.e. illness, holiday, strike or lock-out, maternity or parental leave). Employment covers employees and self-employed (unpaid family workers are included). Employment data referring to place of residence and to place of work are available.

Quarterly date is revised by the FSO and by the time of publication.

Further reading

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