Mexico - Consumer Price Index (CPI)

Mexico: Consumer Price Index (CPI)

Mnemonic CPI.IMEX
Unit Index 2nd half Jul2018=100, NSA
Adjustments Not Seasonally Adjusted
Monthly 0.38 %
Data Dec 2022 126.48
Nov 2022 126

Series Information

Source Instituto Nacional de Estadística Geografia e Informática (INEGI)
Release Consumer Price Index
Frequency Monthly
Start Date 1/31/1957
End Date 12/31/2022

Mexico: Price

Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Consumer Price Index (CPI) Dec 2022 126.48 126 Index 2nd half Jul2018=100, NSA Monthly
Producer Price Index (PPI) Jul 2019 131.63 131.44 Index Jul2019=100, NSA Monthly

Release Information

For Mexico, a consumer price index with COICOP detail. Local name: índice nacional de precios al consumidor (INPC). Monthly from 1957.

Although in some cases the prices included in the non-core price index are determined by the domestic market, in most cases they are fixed according to their international references (e.g. the prices of certain livestock products), to government-administrative decisions (e.g. taxes on vehicle property, and gasoline, among others) or to weather conditions (agricultural products). The aforementioned usually means that the non-core price index is subject to higher variability and any increase in its prices is more difficult to predict as compared to the core index. The development of these prices usually reflects the incidence of shocks which not necessarily are an indicator of the medium-term inflation trend or of the monetary policy stance.

The prices of certain items included in the Consumer Price Index (CPI) are volatile and could complicate the identification of the general trend of inflation in Mexico. For this reason, the Consumer Price Index is broken down into a core and non-core component. Those price indexes that do not allow the inflation trend to be read appropriately because of their features are included in the non-core index. The rest of the prices are included in the core index. Under this context, the core index turns out to be a more reliable indicator of the inflation trend and of the pressures inflation can be subject to in the medium term.

INEGI has authority to produce the monthly CPI, but Banco de Mexico carries a twice-monthly version to drive the UDI.

Data is subjected to revisions caused by volatility of prices included in the CPI calculation.

The base period is periodically updated.