|Unit||Index 2015=100, SA|
|Capacity Utilization||2023 Q1||78.3||77.7||%, SA||Quarterly|
|Business Confidence||Dec 2022||-19.7||-21.2||SA||Monthly|
|Industrial Production||Dec 2022||155.1||154||Index 2015=100, SA||Monthly|
|Change in Inventories||2022 Q3||57,955||33,539||Mil. PLN, NSA||Quarterly|
|Real Change in Inventories||2022 Q2||21,392||44,956||Mil. Ch. 2015 PLN, NSA||Quarterly|
Monthly data is updated approximately 30 days after the end of the reference month; quarterly data is updated approximately 90 days after the end of the reference quarter.
Data on retail sales cover the sale of consumer and non-consumer goods carried by retail sales outlets, catering establishments and other sales outlets (i.e. warehouses, stock houses) in quantities indicating purchases to meet the needs of individual customers.
Groups of enterprises were created on the basis of Polish Classification of Activities (PKD), and a given enterprise is included to a specific category by predominating kind of activity and according to its present organizational state. The dynamic of the retail sale result from, among others, change both in the predominating kind of activity of the enterprise and is its organization.
Each release the previous 2 to 3 months of data are revised.
Measure of change in the volume of production given a reference level of inputs and technology for all producer units (enterprises).
Data are disseminated on the industrial production index at the two-digit level of ISIC, Rev. 4. International Standard Industrial Classification [ISIC Rev. 4] is compliant with the Polish Classification of Activities (PKD 2007).
Scope of the data
Classification: Classification of enterprises according to NACE Rev.2 and Polish Classification of Activities (PKD2007) are compatible with International Standard Industrial Classification [ISIC Rev. 4]
Nature of indicators used: value of sold production deflated by producer price index.
Preliminary enterprises data for the reference month may be estimated in some degree and in the next month they are revised and disseminated as final data. Final data meets requirements for accrual accounting.
Source data collection programs
The index uses data on production sales, obtained from a sample survey of enterprises with more than 9 employees (more than 5 employees until 1999 data) covering about 13200 enterprises, representing 90 percent of the industrial production.
Timing of production observations:
Frequency of data collection: monthly.
Source data timeliness
Source data statistical techniques
Procedures for non-response: Data for non-response are estimated on the basis of units employment and labor productivity on the division level.
Adjustments for quality differences: No adjustments for quality differences.
Seasonally-adjusted indices: Seasonal adjustment takes place on the sections level. The TRAMO-SEATS method is used.
Other statistical procedures
Analyses of revisions are carried out every month after producing of final data.
Data are disseminated on registered unemployment, expressed as the number of unemployed persons. "Unemployed persons" are defined as persons having no employment and not attending any full-time school, capable of work, ready to take up full-time employment, and registered in a labor office, if these persons: (1) are aged 18 or more; (2) are aged less than 60 for women or less than 65 for men; (3) haves not acquired the right to retirement pay or pension resulting from an inability to work, does not receive: a pre-retirement benefit or allowance, a rehabilitation allowance, a sick or maternity benefit; (4) are not the owner or holder of agricultural real estate with on area of agricultural land exceeding 2 convertible ha; or are not subject to retirement and pension insurance from full-time work due to being a spouses or a members of an agricultural household with an area of agricultural land exceeding 2 convertible ha; (5) did not undertake non-agricultural activity during the period between the date stated in register application and the date of activity registration termination or is not subject, on the basis of separate regulations, to compulsory social security or a retirement provision, excluding social insurance of farmers; (6) does not obtain monthly income exceeding a half amount of minimum remuneration, with the exception of interests from financial means gathered on bank accounts; (7) Among the unemployed is not included persons undergoing training, an internship with the employer as well as also persons undergoing a job occupational training.
The data on registered unemployment are measured at the end of the reference month and are compiled by the CSO on the basis of the administrative records of Labor Offices.
Detailed data are disseminated broken down by sex, level of education, by duration of unemployment, job offers, occupation, industry, and by regional levels (voivodships and powiats).
The data are not seasonally adjusted.
"Employed persons" are defined as including:
The monthly data are compiled on the basis of monthly report prepared by regional (voivodship) statistical offices. The data cover all economic entities of the enterprise sector, employing more than nine persons.
The data on employment are measured at the end of period (quarter), and presented according to the NACE rev.2 classification by section and division, and by type of ownership.
The data are not seasonally adjusted.
Data are considered as final when first released and are not subject to revision. Analyses, as well as studies are carried out by CSO currently.
Polish foreign trade statistics is in line with UN Statistics Division methodology and EU standards. The subject of foreign trade statistics is the movement of commodities across frontiers between Poland and abroad. Aside from movements of commodities of little importance, all physically incoming and outgoing commodities are recorded and documented, including transactions handled without remuneration or to foreign account. Trade transactions not involving physical movement of goods across frontiers are not recorded in foreign trade data set.
Since 1 May 2004 (it was the day of Polish accession to EU), Polish foreign trade statistics system comprises of two parallel systems:
Classification of Commodities:
The classification of commodities used for reporting imports and exports is Customs tariff and statistical nomenclature (Combined Nomenclature CN). This classification is based on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System (HS). In addition the Regulation of the Council of Ministers of 4 June 2007 on Combined Nomenclature (CN) (Journal of Laws No 119, page 1) determines that in the territory of Poland Chapter 99 of Combined Nomenclature CN is applied. Chapter 99 is used for simplified coding regarding commodities in certain cases allowed by legislation. The eight digit commodity codes of are the smallest elements and are combined into different commodity groupings for purposes of publications (for example commodity sections or commodity headings). Combined Nomenclature CN codes can be transferred into codes of Standard International Classification (SITC Rev.4) for the purposes of publication or international comparisons. They can be also transferred into PKWiU (Polish Classification of Products and Services) codes, which enable comparisons between foreign trade and production statistics.
Classification of countries and regions:
Classification of countries used for foreign trade statistics purposes is the Country Nomenclature for the External Trade Statistics of the Community and Statistics of Trade between Member States (Geonomenclature). Geonomenclature is introduced by Commission Regulation and is subject to periodical revisions.
Foreign trade statistics data is also presented in breakdown by several groups of countries:
Details on data for groups of countries are available in introductory comments to “Yearbook of Foreign Trade Statistics”
Scope of the data
The quantities and values of imported and exported commodities are classified and described primarily by commodity types and partner countries assigned to foreign trade transactions. Following features are the most important from the point of view of publications.
The Statistical Value is so-called value of the commodity at the Polish frontier. In other words the value of imports is presented on the basis of CIF Polish port or franco Polish border (including transportation and insurance costs to the Polish border). The value of export is presented on FOB basis (including transportation and insurance costs to the Polish border). Tariffs, taxes or other charges which have been levied on the occasion of import or export are not contained in the statistical value. The principal method of valuation for transactions is the invoice value.
The reporting period is fundamentally a calendar month. All commodity movements in a certain calendar month are assigned to it. In general, from the point of view of foreign trade statistics the time of physical movement of goods determines the reporting period, to which transaction should be assigned. Data for merchandise trade settlements are collected in original currencies and then converted into U.S. dollars at the central bank exchange rate prevailing for the day of transaction.
Value of goods sent or received for the purpose of processing is the value of materials entrusted for processing purposes. Value of goods sent or received after processing is the value is defined by stating the value of materials entrusted for processing and the value added by the service of processing (service costs).
Source data definitions, scope, classifications, valuation, and time of recording
In INTRASTAT system in case of enterprises, that are not obliged to provide data on statistical value, statistical value is calculated on the basis of invoice value of declared transactions. This is done on the basis of data on statistical and invoice value of companies that are obliged to provide both.
In EXTRASTAT system code of customs procedure enables to derive from the system and include to the statistical data set only information interesting from the point of view of foreign trade statistics. Basis of country data: Country of foreign transactor.
Statistical data set is revised every month. All previous months of the year are subject to revision till the final generation of yearly data set. The data are routinely revised. The first to publication are considered to be preliminary. Once a year the data for 12 months are revised. The final revision usually takes place 3 months after the end of the reference year.