Belgium - Real Government Consumption

Belgium: Real Government Consumption

Mnemonic G$.IBEL
Unit Mil. Ch. 2015 EUR, CDASA
Adjustments Calendar Adjusted and Seasonally Adjusted
Quarterly 0.94 %
Data 2022 Q4 27,582
2022 Q3 27,324

Series Information

Source National Bank of Belgium - Belgostat (BNB)
Release National/regional accounts
Frequency Quarterly
Start Date 3/31/1995
End Date 12/31/2022

Belgium: GDP

Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Government Consumption 2022 Q4 34,506 33,066 Mil. EUR, CDASA Quarterly
Nominal Fixed Investment (gross fixed capital formation) 2022 Q4 33,695 33,190 Mil. EUR, CDASA Quarterly
Nominal Gross Domestic Product 2022 Q4 141,321 139,705 Mil. EUR, CDASA Quarterly
Private Consumption 2022 Q4 73,155 70,413 Mil. EUR, CDASA Quarterly
Real Fixed Investment (gross fixed capital formation) 2022 Q4 26,433 26,642 Mil. Ch. 2015 EUR, CDASA Quarterly
Real Government Consumption 2022 Q4 27,582 27,324 Mil. Ch. 2015 EUR, CDASA Quarterly
Real Gross Domestic Product 2022 Q4 115,958 115,832 Mil. Ch. 2015 EUR, CDASA Quarterly
Real Private Consumption 2022 Q4 58,777 58,146 Mil. Ch. 2015 EUR, CDASA Quarterly
Investment 2022 Q3 33,190 32,736 Mil. EUR, CDASA Quarterly
Real Investment 2017 98,611,538,900 97,561,948,900 NCU Annual

Release Information

For Belgium, the quarterly national accounts, including the detailed expenditure, income, and product (GVA) approaches to gross domestic product (a.k.a. GDP(E), GDP(I), GDP(O)).

Quarterly economic accounts form an integral part of the system of national accounts. The quarterly economic accounts constitute a coherent set of transactions, accounts and balancing items, defined in both the non-financial and financial domains, recorded on a quarterly basis.


  • Framework: ESA 2010
  • Activity classification: NACEBEL 2008, the localization of NACE Rev. 2
  • Measurements:
    • Millions of euros at current prices (Mil. EUR)
    • At chained year-2015 prices (Mil. Ch. 2015 EUR)
    • Deflators, chained volume indexes relative to 2015 (Ch. Vol. Index 2015=100)
  • Adjustments:
    • Working day adjusted and seasonally adjusted (WDASA)
    • Calendar day adjusted and seasonally adjusted (CDASA)
    • Not seasonally adjusted (NSA)
  • Native frequencies:
    • Quarterly
    • Annual
  • Start date: Uniformly 1995Q1


  • 2016 prices - 1995 to 2019
  • 2015 prices - 1995 to 2018
  • ESA 95 and 2011 prices - 1995 to 2014
  • 2011 prices - 1980 to 2011
  • 2010 prices - 1980 to 2012
  • 2009 prices - 1995 to 2011
  • ESA 79 and 95, 2008 prices - 1980 to 2011
  • 2007 prices - 1995 to 2010
  • 2006 prices - 1995 to 2009
  • 2004 prices - 1980 to 2007
  • 2000 prices - 1995 to 2006
  • 1995 prices - 1980 to 2003

There are three ways, usually called approaches, of calculating GDP:

  • Output approach
  • Expenditure approach
  • Income approach.

Each approach is based on a different view of the economic system using and measuring different aggregates. Together they give a summary of the logical relationships within the system of national accounts, and they should all give the same result for GDP if each item is estimated correctly.

The output approach is based on the calculation of output and intermediate consumption of the various industries of the economy. Gross value added of an industry is defined as the difference between output (basic prices) and intermediate consumption (basic prices).

Gross value added (basic prices) = Output (basic prices) - Intermediate consumption

GDP at market prices is then calculated as the sum of gross value added (basic prices) of all industries/branches plus taxes on products less subsidies on products.

Gross value added (market prices) = Gross value added (basic prices) + Taxes on products - Subsidies on products

The expenditure approach is based on estimates of the components of final demand:

GDP = Final consumption expenditure (by households, non-profit institutions serving households -NPISHs- and the government, in purchasers. prices) + Final consumption expenditure by the government + Gross fixed capital formation (purchasers. prices) + Changes in inventories (purchasers. prices) + Exports (f.o.b.) - Imports (c.i.f.)

The income approach calculates GDP from separate estimates of the components of the value added of industries, branches or sectors:

GDP = Compensation of employees + Gross operating surplus/mixed income + Taxes on production and imports - Subsidies.

30 days after the end of the quarter: A first estimate of economic growth (the "flash estimate") consisting of percent changes (compared to the last quarter and compared to the same quarter of the last year)

60 days after: Second estimate, with detailed statistics on the composition of GDP and on the labor market.

120 days after: Final values.

Until 2019, Statistics Belgium annually re-referenced its chained year series. The currency reference year is  two years prior (t-2) and is denoted in the unit-descriptor metadata.

Starting 2019, its plan is to re-reference every five years (2015, 2020, ...), to synchronize with Eurostat.

Definitional breaks

The 2008-base series have a framework break (ESA 79 to ESA 95) from 1995.

Further reading