|Unit||Mil. RON cumulative from the beginning of the year|
|Government Budget Balance||Dec 2022||-82,767||-60,284||Mil. RON cumulative from the beginning of the year||Monthly|
|Government Expenditures||Dec 2022||315,367||272,927||Mil. RON cumulative from the beginning of the year||Monthly|
|Government Revenues||Dec 2022||232,600||212,643||Mil. RON cumulative from the beginning of the year||Monthly|
|Gross External Debt||2022 Q3||137,996||137,031||Mil. EUR, NSA||Quarterly|
|Outstanding Public Debt||2011||242,211||201,228||Mil. Lei, NSA||Annual|
Money Market Indicators
General Government Indicators
Equity Market - Capital Market Indicators
Money market indicators
According to Norms No. 14 of 1 November 2007 amending and supplement Norms No. 4/1995 on the functioning of the interbank money market, BUBID and BUBOR become ROBID and ROBOR, respectively. ROBID – interest rate on operations to raise funds; ROBOR – interest rate on operations to place funds.
Main macroeconomic indicators
Monthly data on the main social and economic indicators (data released by the National Institute of Statistics in the Monthly Statistical Bulletin) are preliminary and may be revised subsequently; the final update is made on a yearly basis, based on company surveys and on specific yearly surveys conducted by the National Institute of Statistics.
The industrial production index is a volume index that measures the output of industrial sectors. Starting with 2004, the base year for computing the industrial production index has been 2000. The industrial turnover includes all the revenues recorded by companies, from both their main and secondary activities. Indices for turnover are volume indices; they are preliminary and subject to revision based on retroactive rectifications made by companies of a sample group.
Starting with January 2008, the sample underlying the survey used for measuring wages and the number of employees has been subject to alteration. The nominal net wage is calculated by subtracting from the nominal gross wage the wage tax, the employees’ contributions to the health social insurance fund, the individual contribution to the state social security fund and the employees’ contributions to the unemployment fund. The quarterly labour cost index is a short-term indicator which enables the assessment of the trends in employee-related hourly labour costs incurred by employers. The methodology and data series are established according to the provisions of Regulation No. 450/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning
the labour cost index.
CORE1 is the underlying inflation measure used by the NBR reflecting changes in market prices; CORE1 is calculated based on the consumer price index excluding administered prices.
CORE2 is the underlying inflation measure used by the NBR reflecting changes in market prices and in prices with relatively low volatility; CORE2 is calculated based on the consumer price index excluding administered prices and high-volatility prices (vegetables, fruit, eggs, fuels).
Data series are updated on a regular basis, after being released by the National Institute of Statistics
Capital market indicators
Bucharest Stock Exchange – Regulated market
The BET (Bucharest Exchange Trading) index is the BSE’s first official index launched on 19 September 1997. It represents the BSE’s reference index, whose methodology allows the establishment of underlying assets for derivatives (futures, options, etc.) and structured products (warrants, certificates, etc.). The index is calculated as a weighted average (with free float capitalization) of the prices of securities that make up the index basket. The BET index basket comprises the shares of the ten most liquid companies listed on the BSE regulated market, under Tiers I and II.
The Composite Index of Bucharest Stock Exchange (BET-C) was launched on 16 April 1998 and represents the overall performance of all companies listed on the BSE regulated market, under Tiers I and II. The calculation method is the same as that used for the BET index, the representation factor being the only weighting factor. In case of a major operational adjustment of the index as a result of listing and/or delisting a company on/from the BSE, the representation factors shall be revised without delay.
Financial investment companies are not included in the basket of BET and BET-C indices. In order to avoid a small number of companies to weigh on the index, the share of any company in the index basket must not be higher than 20 percent.
BET-FI Index is the first sector index developed by the BSE and was originally computed for the five Financial Investment Companies listed and is envisaged to include all financial investment companies to be listed subsequently. The index was launched on 31 October 2000; the calculation method is the same as that used for the BET-C Index.
Regular revisions and adjustments of all three indices are performed on a quarterly basis, while operational revisions and adjustments are carried out without delay, or according to applicable provisions, depending on the situation that required such an operation.
The ROTX (Romanian Traded Index) was launched on 15 March 2005 and is a real-time reflection of the movements of the most liquid blue-chips traded on the BSE. There is no fixed number of shares included in the ROTX index portfolio, as the key selection criteria are liquidity and market capitalization. Calculated in RON, EUR and USD and disseminated in real time by
Wiener Börse, the ROTX index is projected as a tradable index, which may be used as an underlying asset for derivatives and structured products.
BucharestStock Exchange – RASDAQ market
RASDAQ Composite Index was launched on 31 July 1998, its start value equaling 1,000 points. Every company listed on the RASDAQ market is included in the index calculation in order to capture the global trend in share prices. In terms of the calculation method, this index belongs to the set of stock market indices computed by weighting to market capitalization. The share of a symbol in the index is no higher than 25 percent of total capitalization of the symbols included in RASDAQ-C.
RAQ-I and RAQ II indices were launched concurrently with the introduction of the two upper tiers in order to reflect the overall 11/2008 _ MONTHLY BULLETIN 73
Development of the prices of top companies listed on RASDAQ’s first and second tiers. The calculation method is the same as that used for RASDAQ-C. They were launched on 28 October 2002 and their start value equaled 1,0710.216 points
Data may be revised.