Romania - Population





Romania: Population

Mnemonic POP.IROU
Unit Absolute
Annual 0.58 %
Data 2017 19,591,668
2016 19,706,529

Series Information

Source National Institute of Statistics
Release Subnational - Annual Population
Frequency Annual
Start Date 12/31/1960
End Date 12/31/2017

Romania: Demographics

Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Births Feb 2019 12,374 16,969 #, NSA Monthly
Deaths Feb 2019 22,110 26,836 #, NSA Monthly
Net Migration 2017 -150,000 # Annual
Population 2017 19,591,668 19,706,529 Absolute Annual
Birth Rate 2016 9.6 # per Ths. pop. Annual
Death Rate 2016 13 13.2 # per Ths. pop. Annual

Release Information

Subnational Population

The definitions of vital events are in compliance with the principles and recommendations of the United Nations Statistical Commission:

live-birth is a product of conception completely ejected or extracted from the mother's body, regardless of the pregnancy duration, who after this separation gives a sign of life (respiration, heart activity, beats of umbilical cord or muscular contractions dependent of will);

dead-born child is a product of conception completely ejected or extracted from the mother's body after a pregnancy duration of at least 28 weeks who, after this separation, gives no sign of life;

deceased is the person whose vital functions definitively ceased after a certain time passed from his birth;

marriage represents an union between a man and a woman concluded according to the country’s legislation, in order to set up a family, where husband and wife have rights and obligations against one another as well as against their children;

divorce represents the dissolution of a legally concluded marriage, according to a final decision of judicial bodies.

Natural increase represents the balance between the number of live-births and the number of deceased persons during the reference year.

Life expectancy represents the average number of years an infant would live, if he / she lived all his / her life, under the conditions of mortality by age corresponding to the reference period.

Birth rate represents the ratio between the number of live births in a year and the average population of the respective year and is expressed by the number of live-births per 1000 inhabitants.

Mortality rate represents the ratio between the number of deceased persons in a year and the average population of the

respective year and is expressed by the number of deaths per 1000 inhabitants.

Marriages rate represents the ratio between the number of marriages in a year and the average population of the respective year and is expressed by the number of marriages per 1000 inhabitants.

Divortiality rate represents the ratio between the number of divorces in a year and the average population of the respective year and is expressed by the number of divorces per 1000 inhabitants.

Demographic events breakdown at territorial level (by development region and county) was done according to the

Statistical surveys:

-Population censuses;

-Statistics from current evidence of population, for data referring to population number and demographic structure;

-Registrations from civil register evidence: Statistical demographic reports filled in by civil register offices with data on births, deaths, marriages and respectively by the law courts for divorces.

Administrative sources:

-Database of Ministry of Interior and Administrative Reform, for persons’ evidence, for internal and international migration, determined by domicile change.

 Methodological Notes:

For intercensus years, the inhabitants number has been determined based on data from censuses and those from current evidence referring on vital and migration statistics.

The inhabitants number was calculated from data of the Population and Housing Census, March 18, 2002, regarding the population with permanent residence in Romania, plus natural increase and balance of internal and international migration determined by permanent residence changes for population at national level; for population at locality level the balance of internal migration determined by permanent residence changes and number of persons with temporary residence in locality was added.

Population breakdown by area was as follows:

– for 1960, until 1966, urban area included municipalities, towns and the 183 localities assimilated to the urban area;

– for 1966 and 1967, urban area included municipalities, towns and 238 communes assimilated to the urban area;

– starting with 1968, urban area includes only municipalities and towns.

Age is expressed in the years reached during the year (for instance, a person of 24 years old and 11 months at July 1, is

considered to be of 24 years old).

The definitions of vital events are in compliance with the principles and recommendations of the United Nations Statistical Commission:

live-birth is a product of conception completely ejected or extracted from the mother's body, regardless of the pregnancy duration, who after this separation gives a sign of life (respiration, heart activity, beats of umbilical cord or muscular contractions dependent of will);

dead-born child is a product of conception completely ejected or extracted from the mother's body after a pregnancy duration of at least 28 weeks who, after this separation, gives no sign of life;

deceased is the person whose vital functions definitively ceased after a certain time passed from his birth;

marriage represents an union between a man and a woman concluded according to the country’s legislation, in order to set up a family, where husband and wife have rights and obligations against one another as well as against their children;

divorce represents the dissolution of a legally concluded marriage, according to a final decision of judicial bodies.

Natural increase represents the balance between the number of live-births and the number of deceased persons during the reference year.

Life expectancy represents the average number of years an infant would live, if he / she lived all his / her life, under the conditions of mortality by age corresponding to the reference period.

Birth rate represents the ratio between the number of livebirths in a year and the average population of the respective year and is expressed by the number of live-births per 1000 inhabitants.

Mortality rate represents the ratio between the number of deceased persons in a year and the average population of the

respective year and is expressed by the number of deaths per 1000 inhabitants.

Marriages rate represents the ratio between the number of marriages in a year and the average population of the respective year and is expressed by the number of marriages per 1000 inhabitants.

Divortiality rate represents the ratio between the number of divorces in a year and the average population of the respective year and is expressed by the number of divorces per 1000 inhabitants.

Demographic events breakdown at territorial level (by development region and county) was done according to the

following criteria:

– for live-births and dead-born children, by mother's residence;

– for deaths, by residence of the deceased person;

– for marriage, by place of marriage registration ;

– for divorces, by last common residence of the spouses.

Internal migration represents changes of permanent residence inside the borders of the country.

Change of permanent residence was registered in case of persons for whom police wrote down the new permanent residence in the identity card and in persons’ evidence file. Starting with 1992, data also include changes of permanent

residence from one sector to another within Bucharest Municipality. There are not included permanent residence changes inside the same locality or sector, or from one village to another, in the same commune.

International migration represents the change of permanent residence to another country or, from another country to Romania.

Data on emigrants refer to Romanian citizens who settled their permanent residence abroad.

Data on immigrants refer to citizens from another country who settled their permanent residence in Romania.

Net international migration represents the difference between the number of immigrants and the number of emigrants during the reference year.

Data is subjected to annual revisions.

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