Canada - Dwelling Stocks

Canada: Dwelling Stocks

Mnemonic HSTK.ICAN
Unit #
Data 2021 16,284,235

Series Information

Source Statistics Canada
Release Census
Frequency Every 5 Years
Start Date 12/31/1996
End Date 12/31/2021

Canada: Real Estate

Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Building Completions 2022 Q4 56,690 58,114 #, NSA Quarterly
Building Permits Dec 2022 10,287,408 11,093,338 Ths. CAD, SA Monthly
House Price Index Dec 2022 125.85 125.49 Index Dec2016=100, SA Monthly
House Price Index for New Homes Dec 2022 125.5 125.5 Index Dec2016=100, NSA Monthly
House Price Value for Existing Homes Dec 2022 294.86 298.21 Index Jun 2005=100, NSA Monthly
Housing Starts Dec 2022 248.62 263.02 Ths. #, SAAR Monthly
Residential Building Permits Dec 2022 19,346 21,754 #, SA Monthly
Dwelling Stocks 2021 16,284,235 # Annual

Release Information

The census is Canada's largest and most comprehensive data source. The census collects a wide variety of statistical data, such as demographics, income, education, housing, mobility and linguistic information on every man, woman and child living in Canada. 

The census is the main source of data available in a standardized format for small areas. It provides nationally comparable data that can be cross-classified to show details. It is also the main body of comprehensive statistical data at the subprovincial level on Canada's population.

Census of Population

The Census of Population is taken to meet statutory requirements. For example, population counts are used to realign the boundaries of federal electoral districts, to calculate transfer payments between levels of government, and to support a variety of programs.

This data is collected at each census, which occur every 5 years.

Excerpts below have been pulled from Statistics Canada 2006 census documentation, found here.The method used in 2006 is as follows:

Data collection

This stage of the census process ensured that each of the 13.5 million dwellings in Canada received a census questionnaire. The census enumerated the entire population of Canada, which consists of Canadian citizens (by birth and by naturalization), landed immigrants, and non-permanent residents together with family members living with them. Non-permanent residents are persons living in Canada who have a Work or Study Permit, or who are claiming refugee status, and family members living with them.

The census also counted Canadian citizens and landed immigrants who were temporarily outside the country on Census Day. This included federal and provincial government employees working outside Canada, Canadian embassy staff posted to other countries, members of the Canadian Forces stationed abroad and all Canadian crew members of merchant vessels.


Private household refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. It may consist of a family group (census family) with or without other non-family persons, of two or more families sharing a dwelling, of a group of unrelated persons, or of one person living alone. Household members who are temporarily absent on Census Day (e.g., temporary residents elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. For census purposes, every person is a member of one and only one household. Unless otherwise specified, all data in household reports are for private households only.

Dwelling Units

Single-detached house – A single dwelling not attached to any other dwelling or structure (except its own garage or shed). A single-detached house has open space on all sides, and has no dwellings either above it or below it. A mobile home fixed permanently to a foundation is also classified as a single-detached house.

Semi-detached house – One of two dwellings attached side by side (or back to back) to each other, but not attached to any other dwelling or structure (except its own garage or shed). A semi-detached dwelling has no dwellings either above it or below it, and the two units together have open space on all sides.

Row house – One of three or more dwellings joined side by side (or occasionally side to back), such as a townhouse or garden home, but not having any other dwellings either above or below. Townhouses attached to a high-rise building are also classified as row houses.

Apartment or flat in a duplex – One of two dwellings, located one above the other, may or may not be attached to other dwellings or buildings.

Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys – A dwelling unit in a high-rise apartment building which has five or more storeys.

Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys – A dwelling unit attached to other dwelling units, commercial units, or other non-residential space in a building that has fewer than five storeys.

Other single-attached house – A single dwelling that is attached to another building and that does not fall into any of the other categories, such as a single dwelling attached to a non-residential structure (e.g., a store or a church) or occasionally to another residential structure (e.g., an apartment building).

Mobile home – A single dwelling, designed and constructed to be transported on its own chassis and capable of being moved to a new location on short notice. It may be placed temporarily on a foundation pad and may be covered by a skirt.

Other movable dwelling – A single dwelling, other than a mobile home, used as a place of residence, but capable of being moved on short notice, such as a tent, recreational vehicle, travel trailer, houseboat or floating home.

A linked home (a single house which is not attached to any other dwelling above ground) is classified as a 'single-detached house'.

The census methodology can change every five years, so it is important to understand that differences can occur in the methodologies between census years.

More information on the 2016 Census can be found here.

Additional information on data for regional income by industry can be found here.

Notes About Data Collection

The 1996 Household data from Census Metropolitan Areas (CMA) was imported from the following source:

Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 92-596-XWE. Ottawa. Released December 4, 2007. (accessed October 11, 2012)

Distributed under license from Statistics Canada: usage subject to an End User License.