Canada - Unemployment





Canada: Unemployment

Mnemonic LBU.ICAN
Unit Ths. #, SA
Adjustments Seasonally Adjusted
Monthly 0.84 %
Data Feb 2020 1,133
Jan 2020 1,124

Series Information

Source Statistics Canada
Release Labour Force Survey (CANSIM)
Frequency Monthly
Start Date 1/31/1976
End Date 2/29/2020

Canada: Labor

Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Agriculture Employment Feb 2020 301.5 303 Ths. persons, SA Monthly
Labor Force Feb 2020 20,323 20,283 Ths. #, SA Monthly
Labor Force Employment Feb 2020 19,189 19,159 Ths. #, SA Monthly
Total Employment Feb 2020 19,189 19,159 Ths. #, SA Monthly
Unemployment Feb 2020 1,133 1,124 Ths. #, SA Monthly
Unemployment Rate Feb 2020 5.6 5.5 %, SA Monthly
Wage & Salaries Dec 2019 85,891,179 85,617,683 Ths. CAD, SA Monthly

Release Information

For Canada, the labor force survey provides labor force, unemployment, unemployment rate, employment by industry, for provinces and metro areas. Annual from 1976.

The source writes:

The Cansim Labour Force Survey aims to divide the working-age population into three groups; employed, unemployed, and not in the labour force, as well as to provide descriptive and explanatory data on each. 

The LFS data is then used to produce the unemployment, employment and participation rates. The LFS provides data by industry, occupation, sector, hours worked and more. Geographic coverage includes Canada, the provinces, the territories and some sub-provincial regions. 

Target population - civilian, non-institutionalised population 15 years of age and over. The LFS is conducted nationwide, and in all provinces and territories. Excluded persons include Aboriginal population, Armed Forces, institutionalized, and households in extremely remote areas with very low population density. These groups together represent an exclusion of less than 2% of the Canadian population aged 15 and over.

Sample - The sample uses a cross-sectional design. To pick the sample, the source divides each province into smaller geographic sections, then selects dwellings from each section. Dwellings remain in the sample for six consecutive months. Information on all members of the household is usually collected from a single knowledgeable person. The sample size currently includes about 56,000 households. 

Interview Process - Response to the survey is manditory. Interviews are conducted by phone or online if the household meets certain criteria. 

Confidentiality - Data is subject to "ND" data points as the source supresses estimates that fall below a minimum number, based on a rubric classified by geography.  

Distributed under license from Statistics Canada: usage subject to an End User License.