Canada - Unemployment Rate

Canada: Unemployment Rate

Mnemonic LBR.ICAN
Unit %, SA
Adjustments Seasonally Adjusted
Data Oct 2019 5.5
Sep 2019 5.5

Series Information

Source Statistics Canada
Release Labour Force Survey (CANSIM)
Frequency Monthly
Start Date 1/31/1976
End Date 10/31/2019

Canada: Labor

Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Agriculture Employment Oct 2019 291.4 288.8 Ths. persons, SA Monthly
Labor Force Oct 2019 20,286 20,278 Ths. #, SA Monthly
Labor Force Employment Oct 2019 19,163 19,165 Ths. #, SA Monthly
Total Employment Oct 2019 19,163 19,165 Ths. #, SA Monthly
Unemployment Oct 2019 1,122 1,113 Ths. #, SA Monthly
Unemployment Rate Oct 2019 5.5 5.5 %, SA Monthly
Wage & Salaries Sep 2019 84,960,047 84,663,111 Ths. CAD, SA Monthly

Release Information

For Canada, the labor force survey provides labor force, unemployment, unemployment rate, employment by industry, for provinces and metro areas. Annual from 1976.

The source writes:

The Cansim Labour Force Survey aims to divide the working-age population into three groups; employed, unemployed, and not in the labour force, as well as to provide descriptive and explanatory data on each. 

The LFS data is then used to produce the unemployment, employment and participation rates. The LFS provides data by industry, occupation, sector, hours worked and more. Geographic coverage includes Canada, the provinces, the territories and some sub-provincial regions. 

Target population - civilian, non-institutionalised population 15 years of age and over. The LFS is conducted nationwide, and in all provinces and territories. Excluded persons include Aboriginal population, Armed Forces, institutionalized, and households in extremely remote areas with very low population density. These groups together represent an exclusion of less than 2% of the Canadian population aged 15 and over.

Sample - The sample uses a cross-sectional design. To pick the sample, the source divides each province into smaller geographic sections, then selects dwellings from each section. Dwellings remain in the sample for six consecutive months. Information on all members of the household is usually collected from a single knowledgeable person. The sample size currently includes about 56,000 households. 

Interview Process - Response to the survey is manditory. Interviews are conducted by phone or online if the household meets certain criteria. 

Confidentiality - Data is subject to "ND" data points as the source supresses estimates that fall below a minimum number, based on a rubric classified by geography.  

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