Portugal - Change in Inventories

Portugal: Change in Inventories

Mnemonic CIVT.IPRT
Unit Mil. EUR, CDASA
Adjustments Calendar Adjusted and Seasonally Adjusted
Quarterly 723.02 %
Data 2022 Q4 -101.24
2022 Q3 16.25

Series Information

Source Instituto Nacional de Estatística - Portugal (Statistics Portugal)
Release National Accounts
Frequency Quarterly
Start Date 3/31/1995
End Date 12/31/2022

Portugal: Business

Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Capacity Utilization 2023 Q1 81.5 81.6 %, SA Quarterly
Industrial Production Jan 2023 103.54 104.92 Index 2015=100, WDASA Monthly
Change in Inventories 2022 Q4 -101.24 16.25 Mil. EUR, CDASA Quarterly
Real Change in Inventories 2022 Q4 -29.83 -6.27 Mil Ch. 2016 EUR, CDASA Quarterly
Business Confidence Dec 2021 108.2 108.4 Index 1990-2006=100, SA Monthly

Release Information

For Portugal, quarterly national accounts, including the expenditure and production approaches to GDP, nominal and real (i.e., at current and chained prices).


  • National accounts framework: ESA 2010
  • Activity classification: NACE Rev. 2
  • Measurements:
    • Millions of euros at chained year-2016 prices (Mil. Ch. 2016 EUR)
    • At current prices (Mil. EUR)
  • Adjustment: Calendar day adjusted and seasonally adjusted (CDASA)
  • Native frequency: Quarterly
  • Start date: Uniformly 1995Q1


  • ESA 2010, ref 2011 - 1995 to 2019
  • ESA 95, ref 2006 - 1995 to 2014
  • ESA 95, ref 2000 - 1995 to 2009

GDP at market prices - the final result of the production activity of resident producer units. Defined three diferent ways as the sum of gross value added of various institutional sectors/industries,  the sum of final uses of goods and services by resident institutional units plus exports minus imports of goods and services and the sum of uses in the total economy generation of income account. 

Gross value added - (GVA) the balancing item of the production account. Uses output as a resource and intermediate consumption as a use. Valued at basic prices as it does not include taxes less subsides on production. 

Gross fixed capital formation - resident producer's acquisitions, less disposals, or fixed assets during a given period plus certain additions to the value of non-produced assets relized by the productive activity of producer or institutional units. 

The source uses a volume chain linked procedure for its quarterly national accounts data. This makes data comparable accross multiple years. 

Exports are expressed in F.O.B. terms.

Revisions to the quarterly national accounts data occur as part of a regular cycle of data releases and updates. The cycle consists of four main phases:

  1. Provisional data release: Approximately 45 days after the end of the reference quarter, INE releases provisional estimates of the main macroeconomic aggregates (such as GDP, consumption, investment, and exports). These estimates are based on available data at the time, which may be incomplete or subject to revision.

  2. First revision: About 90 days after the end of the reference quarter, INE publishes a first revision of the provisional estimates. This revision incorporates new and updated data sources that were not available at the time of the provisional release. The revision may also include methodological improvements or corrections.

  3. Second revision: Around 150 days after the end of the reference quarter, INE issues a second revision of the quarterly data. This revision may incorporate additional data sources or methodological improvements that were not available at the time of the first revision.

  4. Final data release: Approximately one year after the end of the reference quarter, INE publishes the final estimates of the quarterly national accounts data. These estimates are based on all available data sources and are considered to be the most accurate representation of the economy's performance during the reference period.

It's worth noting that the timing and frequency of revisions may vary depending on the availability and quality of data sources, as well as other factors such as changes in methodology or revisions to past data.

More information could be found here.