Portugal - Unemployment

Portugal: Unemployment

Mnemonic LBU.IPRT
Unit Ths. #, NSA
Adjustments Not Seasonally Adjusted
Quarterly 12.07 %
Data 2022 Q4 342.7
2022 Q3 305.8

Series Information

Source Instituto Nacional de Estatística - Portugal (Statistics Portugal)
Release Employment Statistics
Frequency Quarterly
Start Date 3/31/1998
End Date 12/31/2022

Portugal: Labor

Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Labor Force 2022 Q4 5,245 5,234 Ths. #, NSA Quarterly
Labor Force Employment 2022 Q4 4,902 4,929 Ths. #, NSA Quarterly
Unemployment 2022 Q4 342.7 305.8 Ths. #, NSA Quarterly
Unemployment Rate 2022 Q4 6.5 5.8 %, NSA Quarterly
Primary Industries Employment 2020 258.7 270.1 Ths. # Annual
Secondary Industries Employment 2020 1,192 1,212 Ths. # Annual
Tertiary Industries Employment 2020 3,362 3,430 Ths. # Annual
Agriculture Employment 2017 353,935 359,978 # Annual
Wage & Salaries Jun 2017 109.15 104.29 Index 2010=100, NSA Monthly

Release Information

For Portugal, a quarterly labor force survey with detail by sex and subnational area.

The main purpose of the Labour Force Survey is to characterize the population in terms of the labour market. It is a quarterly sample survey, addressed to families occupying the same dwelling in the national territory, which makes available quarterly and annual data. The information is obtained directly, though computer-assisted interview, by using a mixed data collection mode: the initial interview is done face-to-face by an interviewer visiting the household and the other five interviews are done by telephone, if certain requirements are met. Published data were calibrated, based on independent estimates of the population, calculated from the definitive results of the 2001 Census.


  • Methodology: Eurostat LFS2021 (IESS)
  • Measurements:
    • Thousands of persons (Ths. #)
    • Percent (%)
  • Adjustment: Not seasonally adjusted (NSA)
  • Native frequency: Quarterly
  • Start date: Uniformly 2011Q1
  • Geo coverage:
    • Country
    • NUTS 1 (3 IPRT_^^^^)
    • NUTS 2 (5 IPRT_^^)


  • Under LFS2011 - 1998 to 2020 ("_20")
  • By sex - 1998 to 2011 ("11")


All persons aged 15 or over who during the reference period were in the following categories: a) persons who performed some work for a wage or salary, in cash or in kind; b) persons who, having already worked in their present job, were temporarily not at work and had a formal attachment to their job; c) persons with an enterprise, who were temporarily not at work for any specific reason.; d) persons who were offered early retirement, but were working in the reference period.
All persons aged 15 or over who during the reference period: a) neither had a job nor were at work; b) were available for paid employment or self-employment; c) had actively sought work, i.e. had taken specific steps during the specified period (reference period or the three previous weeks) to seek paid employment or self-employment. The following are considered as specific steps: a) having been in contact with a public employment office or with a private agency to find work; b) applying to employers directly; c) asking among friends, relatives, trade unions, etc., to find work; d) placing, answering or studying job advertisements; e) taking a recruitment test or examination or being interviewed; f) looking for land, premises or equipment; g) applying for permits, licenses or financial resources. The job availability criteria are based on the following: a) the willingness to work; b) the desire to have paid employment or self-employment if the necessary resources can be obtained; c) availability to start working in the reference period or at least within two weeks. Includes all persons who, although already having a job, will only start working on a date subsequent to the reference period (the next three months).
This represents unemployed persons as a percentage of the civilian labour force.
All persons aged 15 or over who, during the reference period, made up the available labour force for the production of economic goods and services (employed and unemployed).
All persons, regardless of the age, who, during the reference period, could not be considered to be economically active, i.e. who were neither 'employed' nor 'unemployed', nor on compulsory military service.

Moody's Analytics supplements

For the LFS quartet at the national geo level, we back-extend history to 1998, and construct seasonally adjusted counterparts.

Further reading

At the source:

At IMF (SDDS Plus):